Inattention Hyperactivity Impulsivity What Is ADHD?
Developmental Trends of ADHD Symptoms before 17 yo Impairment Inattention Hyper/Imp Age
Hyperactive/Impulsive Symptoms 1.Fidgeting and squirming 2.Running or climbing excessively 3.Trouble playing quietly 4.“On the go” or “driven by a motor” 5.Talking excessively 6.Blurting out answers 7.Trouble taking turns 8.Interrupting or intruding
Inattentive Symptoms 1.Making careless mistakes 2.Trouble paying attention to a task 3.Not listening 4.Not following instructions 5.Trouble organizing 6.Avoiding or disliking sustained effort 7.Losing things 8.Easily distracted 9.Forgetful
Overlap of Symptoms and Diagnoses ADHDAnxietyLDODD Attention Concentration Anxiety Sadness Opposition Fidgetiness Impulsivity Appetite Sleep
Co-occurring Disorders Oppositional defiant disorder Anxiety or mood disorders Learning disabilities Conduct disorder Tic disorders ½ of ADHD patients have > 2 diagnoses
Gender Differences and ADHD The stereotype of someone with ADHD is a hyperactive little boy. The reality? ADHD also affects girls and even adult women. Girls with ADHD tend to be more inattentive than hyperactive. Parents and teachers often overlook ADHD in girls because their symptoms differ from the stereotype. According to researchers, girls with untreated ADHD are at risk for low self-esteem, underachievement, depression, and anxiety. Without treatment girls are also more likely to engage in risky behaviors like smoking and unprotected sex while in middle or high school. Girls with ADHD often continue struggling into adulthood if they don’t receive treatment.
Treatment & Intervention Psychopharmacology Psychotherapy –Behavior therapy Structuring time at home Establishing predictability and routines Increasing positive attention –Parent training Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) Groups –School-based interventions Daily Report Card Para training –Organizational skills training