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Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals

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1 Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand Conference on Chemical (Industrial) Disaster Management, Pipelines,Storages &Medical Preparedness Feb.11-13,2009 New,Delhi

2 Topics of Presentation
An Overview of International Regulations concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods Adaptation/Trend of Thai Regulations and ASEAN Agreement concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods

3 Definition of Dangerous Goods
When transporting Hazardous Chemicals which are classified to be “Dangerous for transport” into one of the total 9 classes based on the UN Classification Criteria, these Hazardous Chemicals are called “Dangerous Goods”. Dangerous Goods are Substances and Cargo, which, based on their nature, properties, and behavior as well as conditions, may cause, during the transport, a Hazard in particular to the public safety , the health of the people, the damages and loss of the infrastructure and equipment, also the negative effects and contamination to the environment

4 International Regulations for Dangerous Goods Transport System
Multi-modal Transport: UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: a so-called “UN Model Regulations” or “Orange Book” Road: The Restructured ADR of UNECE in Geneva, Rail: The Restructured RID of OTIF in Bern, Inland Waterways: The Restructured ADN of UNECE in Geneva, Sea: IMDG Code of IMO in London, Air: IATA-DGR of ICAO-TI of ICAO Montreal System of Linkage

5 Past Dangerous Goods Incidents in Thailand
Substance involved: Explosive Substances Substance involved: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Substance involved: Explosive Substances 54 Death with 97 injury 171 Death with 99 injury Incident Place: Petchburi Road, Bangkok Date: 24 Sep 1990 Time: around 22:00 hrs. Incident Place: Phang-Nga Province Date: 15 Feb 1991 Time: around 15:00 hrs. Incident Place: Express Way, Bangkok Date: 4 Sep 2001 Time: around 05:00 hrs. Cause: Careless driving and low standard of tank equipment Cause: Careless driving, low public awareness of consequence of explosive substances Cause: Careless driving and misleading of emergency clean-up

6 International Regulations for Dangerous Goods Transport System adopted to Thai Provisions
Thai Provisions Vol. 2 Thai Provisions Vol. 3

7 Thai Provisions Volume 1 (TP1)
Adaptation/Trend of Thai Regulations concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods Thai Provisions Volume 1 (TP1) Thai Provisions Volume 2 (TP2) Road Multi-Modal Based on the “Orange Book”, TP-I was approved by the cabinet on May 23, 2000 to be used as a framework regulations for transport of dangerous goods applicable to all modes of transport Based on the “ADR”, TP-II was approved by the cabinet on Dec 28, 2004 to be used as a framework regulations for transport of dangerous goods applicable to road transport Hazmat 1 Training Handbook

8 Protocol 9: Agreement for transport of DG in transit in ASEAN Countries

9 Key contents of Dangerous Goods Regulations
UN Rec. or TP1 TP2 & 3 = TP1 + Modal Requirements Definition of classes/divisions Danger specific to one mode Classification of Dangerous Goods Test methods and criteria Name and UN Number Restrictions List of Dangerous Goods most commonly carried Main hazard and subsidiary risk Transport conditions Labeling Assignment of packing group Packing methods Special provisions Multi-modal tank transport Types of packaging allowed and quantity limitations UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Types of tanks allowed Packing Packaging Intermediate Bulk containers Multi-modal Tank Containers Construction requirements Placard Certification and approval Marking Specific marks Labeling Specific Labeling Consignment Procedures Specific items of information Transport documentation Exemption quantities Special exemption

10 Dangerous Goods Safety Advisers - DGSA
Key Responsibilities Parties involved in the chain of transport of dangerous goods: Dangerous Goods Safety Advisers - DGSA (Chapter 1.8.3) Consignor Packer Loader Responsible Persons/Bodies Packers ( ) Fillers ( ) Loaders ( ) Carriers ( ) Drivers (8.2) Consignee ( ) Consignor ( ) Carrier Consignee

11 Safety obligations of the participants of the transportation process
Prior to transport During transport After transport Consignor ( ) Loader ( ) Packer/Filler ( ) & ) Tank-container / portable tank operator ( ) Carrier ( ) Driver (Chapter 8.2) Consignee ( ) Take appropriate measures to reduce or minimize the risk from transport Receive training in the requirements governing the carriage of such goods appropriate to their responsibilities and duties (Chapter 1.3)

12 Case Study of good practice – Gate Checks (Germany) with support of German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and Industrial Park Hoechst

13 Gate Check Process of the checking of vehicles carrying dangerous goods Check Order Number of Dangerous Goods Check Transport Number of Dangerous Goods Identified Card/Passport of Driver Driver’s training certificate Driving License ADR Certificate Weighting of vehicles Check before exit – joints & couplings, all documentation TREMCARD

14 Project Management Board (PMB)
TREMCARD Risk Management Project Project Management Board (PMB) 14

15 Inspection of Vehicle Orange Plate Tires Depth (1.6 cm.) Tank Code

16 Inspection of Equipments
Pocket Lamp (Explosion Proof) Fire Extinguisher Goggles Gloves Eyes-Wash Bottle with Clean Water Scotch or wheel-chock 2 reflective triangles

17 Inspection of Driver Alcohol Drugs

18 Thai-German Cooperation on Chemicals Risk Management – a successful and sustainable showcase
1990/1991 1998 1999 2000 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2…. Severe accidents on transport of hazardous materials in Thailand; LPG tank truck overturned in Bangkok and a trailer with explosive overturned in Phang-Nga 1st TG project relating Chemicals Risk Management at NESDB on Disaster Management for Transportation of Hazardous Materials Oil Depot inferno in Chonburi & Potassium Chlorate explosion in Chiang Mai Thai Provisions vol. 1 (TP1) developed and approved by cabinet Guideline for safe storage developed Thai Provisions vol. 2 (TP2) developed and approved by cabinet & Chemicals Risk Management Project (CRMP) in BP Area Capacity development of Thai officials in collaboration with private sector or PPP-like Clariant, (Bayer, BASF, Merck, Infraserv Logistics, DEKRA Umwelt) for a series of training in Germany Exit Strategy of CRMP & Chemical Safety Management Guideline developed and trained to IPO / IEO nation-wide Guideline for safe storage adopted to national regulation by DIW UNEP implemented project on Responsible Production (RP): APELL / SP / CSR in BP area Possible tri-lateral cooperation with German government and neighboring countries….

19 Capacity Development under GTZ Projects

20 Thailand History & Roadmap on Development of Regulations relating to Chemicals
2008 Implementation of UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The 3 rd National Strategic Plan on Chemicals Management 2007 HazSub notification into force (Challenge: not ready by private sector / neither inspection & testing bodies as well as certification in Th.) 2005 2004 Hazardous Substance Committee issued a notification on fixed-tank with 3 years grace period ASEAN Protocol 9 signed by MoT’s Dep. Minister Notification of Hazardous Substance Committee : Land Transportation of Hazardous Substances 2002 TP-2 approved by cabinet (submitted by MoT) ordering HazSub Committee to be a focal point for implementation The 2nd NMP for Chemical Management 2001 A truck had an accident on an express way in Bangkok releasing acrylonitrile onto the road and drainage. 2000 TP-1 approved by cabinet submitted by NESDB DoLT issued a Notification of Driving License Class IV (Challenge: not in line with TP-2/ADR) and Labeling & Placarding of transport units based on TP-1/UN Rec. 1999 MoI’s Ministerial Notification No.3 (1999) concerning preventive measures for factories falling under 12 categories having high risks to prepare risk assessment report to determine appropriate preventive measures from realized hazards in November 1999. The explosion of potassium chlorate at a longan-drying factory in ChiangMai province in September 1999. The 1st NMP for Chemical Management 1997 1993 An explosive trailer overturned at Thungmaprao in Phang-nga, 171 fatality and 99 injury Convention concerning the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents (ILO -174 ) 1992 1991 Hazardous Substance Act,1992( B.E. 2535) into force (Challenge: not directly relevant to transport of dangerous goods but focusing import, export and having in possession) Basel Convention on the Control of Trans boundary Movements of Hazardous waste and their Disposal 1990 An LPG Tanker overturned at Petchburi Rd.. 54 fatality and 97 injury Convention concerning Safety in the Use of Chemicals at Work (ILO-170)


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