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Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand Conference on.

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Presentation on theme: "Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand Conference on."— Presentation transcript:


2 Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand Conference on Chemical (Industrial) Disaster Management, Pipelines,Storages &Medical Preparedness Feb.11-13,2009 New,Delhi

3 Topics of Presentation A.An Overview of International Regulations concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods B.Adaptation/Trend of Thai Regulations and ASEAN Agreement concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods 2

4 Definition of Dangerous Goods Dangerous Goods are Substances and Cargo, which, based on their - nature, - properties, and behavior as well as - conditions, may cause, during the transport, a Hazard in particular to - the public safety, - the health of the people, - the damages and loss of the infrastructure and equipment, also - the negative effects and contamination to the environment When transporting Hazardous Chemicals which are classified to be “Dangerous for transport” into one of the total 9 classes based on the UN Classification Criteria, these Hazardous Chemicals are called “Dangerous Goods”. 3

5 System of Linkage International Regulations for Dangerous Goods Transport System  Multi-modal Transport: UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: a so-called “UN Model Regulations” or “Orange Book”  Road: The Restructured ADR of UNECE in Geneva,  Rail: The Restructured RID of OTIF in Bern,  Inland Waterways: The Restructured ADN of UNECE in Geneva,  Sea: IMDG Code of IMO in London,  Air: IATA-DGR of ICAO-TI of ICAO Montreal 4

6 Incident Place: Petchburi Road, Bangkok Date: 24 Sep 1990 Time: around 22:00 hrs. 54 Death with 97 injury Cause: Careless driving and low standard of tank equipment Substance involved: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Past Dangerous Goods Incidents in Thailand Incident Place: Phang-Nga Province Date: 15 Feb 1991 Time: around 15:00 hrs. Cause: Careless driving, low public awareness of consequence of explosive substances Incident Place: Express Way, Bangkok Date: 4 Sep 2001 Time: around 05:00 hrs. Cause: Careless driving and misleading of emergency clean-up 171 Death with 99 injury Substance involved: Explosive Substances Substance involved: Explosive Substances 5

7 International Regulations for Dangerous Goods Transport System adopted to Thai Provisions Thai Provisions Vol. 2 Thai Provisions Vol. 3 6

8 Multi-Modal Based on the “Orange Book”, TP-I was approved by the cabinet on May 23, 2000 to be used as a framework regulations for transport of dangerous goods applicable to all modes of transport Thai Provisions Volume 1 (TP1) Thai Provisions Volume 2 (TP2) Road Based on the “ADR”, TP-II was approved by the cabinet on Dec 28, 2004 to be used as a framework regulations for transport of dangerous goods applicable to road transport Hazmat 1 Training Handbook Adaptation/Trend of Thai Regulations concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods 7

9 Protocol 9: Agreement for transport of DG in transit in ASEAN Countries 8

10 UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Classification of Dangerous Goods List of Dangerous Goods most commonly carried Packing Packaging Intermediate Bulk containers Multi-modal Tank Containers Consignment Procedures Definition of classes/divisions Test methods and criteria Name and UN Number Main hazard and subsidiary risk Transport conditions Labeling Assignment of packing group Packing methods Special provisions Multi-modal tank transport Construction requirements Placard Certification and approval Marking Labeling Transport documentation Exemption quantities Modal Requirements Danger specific to one mode Restrictions Types of packaging allowed and quantity limitations Specific marks Specific Labeling Specific items of information Special exemption Types of tanks allowed UN Rec. or TP1 TP2 & 3 = TP1 + Key contents of Dangerous Goods Regulations 9

11 Key Responsibilities Parties involved in the chain of transport of dangerous goods: Consignor Packer Loader Carrier Consignee Packers ( ) Fillers ( ) Loaders ( ) Carriers ( ) Drivers (8.2) Consignee ( ) Consignor ( )

12 Prior to transport -Consignor ( ) -Loader ( ) -Packer/Filler ( ) & ) -Tank-container / portable tank operator ( ) During transport -Carrier ( ) -Driver (Chapter 8.2) After transport -Consignee ( )  Take appropriate measures to reduce or minimize the risk from transport  Receive training in the requirements governing the carriage of such goods appropriate to their responsibilities and duties (Chapter 1.3) Safety obligations of the participants of the transportation process 11

13 Case Study of good practice – Gate Checks (Germany) with support of German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and Industrial Park Hoechst

14 Gate Check Process of the checking of vehicles carrying dangerous goods Check Order Number of Dangerous Goods Check Transport Number of Dangerous Goods Identified Card/Passport of Driver Driver’s training certificate Driving License ADR Certificate Weighting of vehicles Check before exit – joints & couplings, all documentation TREMCARD 13

15 Risk Management ProjectProject Management Board (PMB)14 TREMCARD

16 Inspection of Vehicle Orange Plate Tires Depth (1.6 cm.) Tank Code 15

17 Inspection of Equipments Pocket Lamp (Explosion Proof) Fire Extinguisher Goggles Gloves Eyes-Wash Bottle with Clean Water Scotch or wheel-chock 2 reflective triangles 16

18 Inspection of Driver Alcohol Drugs 17

19 Thai-German Cooperation on Chemicals Risk Management – a successful and sustainable showcase Severe accidents on transport of hazardous materials in Thailand; LPG tank truck overturned in Bangkok and a trailer with explosive overturned in Phang-Nga 1990/ st TG project relating Chemicals Risk Management at NESDB on Disaster Management for Transportation of Hazardous Materials 1998 Oil Depot inferno in Chonburi & Potassium Chlorate explosion in Chiang Mai 1999 Thai Provisions vol. 1 (TP1) developed and approved by cabinet 2000 Guideline for safe storage developed 2003 Thai Provisions vol. 2 (TP2) developed and approved by cabinet & Chemicals Risk Management Project (CRMP) in BP Area 2004 Capacity development of Thai officials in collaboration with private sector or PPP-like Clariant, (Bayer, BASF, Merck, Infraserv Logistics, DEKRA Umwelt) for a series of training in Germany 2006 Exit Strategy of CRMP & Chemical Safety Management Guideline developed and trained to IPO / IEO nation-wide 2007 Guideline for safe storage adopted to national regulation by DIW UNEP implemented project on Responsible Production (RP): APELL / SP / CSR in BP area 2008 Possible tri-lateral cooperation with German government and neighboring countries…. 2…. 18

20 Capacity Development under GTZ Projects 19

21 Thailand History & Roadmap on Development of Regulations relating to Chemicals  An LPG Tanker overturned at Petchburi Rd.. 54 fatality and 97 injury  Convention concerning Safety in the Use of Chemicals at Work (ILO-170) An explosive trailer overturned at Thungmaprao in Phang-nga, 171 fatality and 99 injury  Hazardous Substance Act,1992( B.E. 2535) into force (Challenge: not directly relevant to transport of dangerous goods but focusing import, export and having in possession)  Basel Convention on the Control of Trans boundary Movements of Hazardous waste and their Disposal 1992 The 1 st NMP for Chemical Management  TP-1 approved by cabinet submitted by NESDB  DoLT issued a Notification of Driving License Class IV (Challenge: not in line with TP-2/ADR) and Labeling & Placarding of transport units based on TP-1/UN Rec  Hazardous Substance Committee issued a notification on fixed-tank with 3 years grace period  ASEAN Protocol 9 signed by MoT’s Dep. Minister  Notification of Hazardous Substance Committee : Land Transportation of Hazardous Substances 2002 TP-2 approved by cabinet (submitted by MoT) ordering HazSub Committee to be a focal point for implementation  HazSub notification into force (Challenge: not ready by private sector / neither inspection & testing bodies as well as certification in Th.) A truck had an accident on an express way in Bangkok releasing acrylonitrile onto the road and drainage Convention concerning the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents (ILO -174 ) 2008 Implementation of UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals (GHS ) 2007 The 3 rd National Strategic Plan on Chemicals Management  MoI’s Ministerial Notification No.3 (1999) concerning preventive measures for factories falling under 12 categories having high risks to prepare risk assessment report to determine appropriate preventive measures from realized hazards in November  The explosion of potassium chlorate at a longan-drying factory in ChiangMai province in September The 2nd NMP for Chemical Management 20

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