FINLAND › Population: 5,4 million › Spoken languages: Finnish, Swedish and Samí › Form of government: Republic, Parliamentary demoncracy JOENSUU › Founded in 1848 › Inhabitants: 73 305 › Land area: 2751 km 2 › Industries: metal and wood industry, services
Amount of young people in Finland decreases and amount of old people rises Post-war born massive generation is starting to overrun Finland’s retirement world Problem with the ageing population and senior citizens retirement is that amount of labor force decreases Population prediction 2060; young people 15,2 and old people 28,2
Employment rate January 2013 66,9 % Unemployment rate January 2013 8,7 % The latest employment review was made of month December 2012 -> showed that unemployment had risen when comparing to the month or year before Also in January 2013 unemployment increasing
Employment rate (%) January 2013 Total (15-64 year olds) MenWomen 66,967,166,7 Unemployment rate (%) January 2013 Total (15-64 year olds) MenWomen 8,79,67,6
When eyeing only full-time workers Finland has the shortest working week of all EU-countries (all 37,4 hours, only full- time 37,8) Annual working hours have decreased about 360 hours when comparing year 1960 to year 2010 (nowadays 1700 hours on average per year) Average working 30 years of his life
Every working people in Finland pay taxes from their earned income. With tax revenues the state pays for example our health care, education and other services needed by the citizens. The tax administration, Ministry of Finance and tax offices are mainly responsible of taxation in Finland.
In 2011 the entire populations revenue growth was 0,7% on average. Populations tithe with highest-income increased their income by 2,2 percentage point, at the same time the tithe with lowest income increased their income by only a couple of tenths of a percent. The ten percent with best income in Finland earns 23,6% of Finland’s whole revenue Authorities believe that the one of the main reasons for income inequalities is capital income centralization
Value-added tax (VAT) is a consumption tax, aimed at goods and services taxation Earned income tax is a progressive tax, which is paid from, for example salary, pension and educational grants Capital income taxation’s subordinates are all revenue gained from the investments.
4-8 billion euros annual loss of tax revenue,1.6 billion is due to companies transfer pricing in 2010 Nokia made result 1.8 billion euros but paid the tax in Finland only 1.6 million euros The corporate tax rate 24,5% In 2010 the nine largest listed companies paid taxes < 6% of their results made
Social Insurance Health Insurance Accident Insurance Pension Insurance Employment Insurance National Pension Group life Assurance Unemployment Insurance
Finland’s pension system was reformed sicnificantly in 2005 The amount of retiring people is raising more and more each year and the life span is getting longer remarkable changes had to be made The main changes › Add 2-3 working years › Opportunity to shift to old-age pension flexible within age of 63-68 › People gets incentive bonus if they work longer
For years of service; Disability; Survivor; Social; Old age.
The survey examines the economic activity of the population aged 15-72 years 69.9 million people classified as employed 4.9 million people - the unemployed using the ILO criteria (that is, had no job or gainful employment Compared to I quarter 2011. the employed population increased by 0.5 million
the law is equated to the work shall not exceed 40 hours a week workers under 16 are allowed to work up to 24 hours a week employees from 16 to 18 years - not more than 35 hours a week. working time of 35 hours per week, is set to disabled groups I and II. work involves dangerous or hazardous conditions, may not work more than 36 hours a week.
Working day (shift) may not exceed: for workers between the ages of fifteen and sixteen years - 5:00, at the age of sixteen to eighteen years - 7 hours for general education institutions, educational institutions of primary and secondary education, combining for academic year study and work at the age of fourteen to sixteen years - 2.5 hours, at the age of sixteen and eighteen years - 4 hours for the disabled - according to medical opinion issued in accordance with the federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.
Added to the regular income If real estate is sold by an individual more than 5 years after the purchase, capital gain is exempt from tax. Otherwise the purchase is taxed at 19%. Individual's capital gain from sale of shares is taxed at a final tax rate of 19%. Dividend and interest income for individuals are taxed at 19% rate.
First pillar Closed fund (ZUS) Paid by employer Compulsory Contributions are controlled by ZUS Managed by the public fund Second pillar Open fund Paid by employer Compulsory The amount is controlled by ZUS Managed by Private funds Third pillar Voluntary fund Paid by employee Independent Managed by Private funds