Presentation on theme: "FALL OF FRANCE AND THE CANADIAN HOME FRONT. Fall of France Maginot Line – The most sophisticated trench in history. Decoy on Belgian front (May 10."— Presentation transcript:
FALL OF FRANCE AND THE CANADIAN HOME FRONT
Fall of France Maginot Line – The most sophisticated trench in history. Decoy on Belgian front (May 10 th ) Panzer division passes through Ardennes (May 13 th ) French troops attempt to break GER supply lines (May 18 th ) Race to the coast (May 20 th ) Belgium surrenders (May 28 th ) GER forces push south. Paris falls (June 14 th ) France surrenders (June 22 nd ) Vichy Regime negotiates peace (July)
Dunkirk (May 28 th - June 4 th ) British and French troops fall back to Port of Dunkirk GER pauses to consolidate troops and repair equipment “Operation Dynamo” put into effect Civilian vessels used to evacuate British troops 300,000 men evacuated. 68,000 killed or captured The operation was viewed as a success in Britain but Churchill cautioned that “Wars are not won by evacuations” 40:30 – 46:50
THE HOME FRONT
Conscription Debate Fearing a backlash from French Canadians, MacKenzie King promises that Canada will not introduce conscription for “overseas service”. Germany’s early success creates public pressure for Canada to introduce conscription but the high number of volunteers made it unnecessary. In 1940 King introduces the “National Mobilization of Resources Act” which allows conscription for domestic defence only. “Zombies” were people who had been conscripted into the army under the NRMA and trained but then refused overseas service. Zombies were resented by most other Canadians. As volunteer enlistment numbers fell, pressure once again mounted for overseas conscription. In response to this pressure in 1942 King holds a Plebiscite (referendum) on conscription. “Not necessarily conscription, but conscription if necessary” (King)
Results 63% of Canadians supported consrciption. 80% of English voted YES 73% of French voted “NON” 17,000 “Zombies” served overseas before the end of the war.
By the End of the War Canada had Produced: 1 billion dollars of munitions 1.7 million small arms 43,000 heavy guns 16,000 aircraft 2 million tonnes of explosives 815,000 military vehicles 50,000 tanks and armoured gun carriers 4,000 Naval vessels 40,000 Naval guns 150 Snowmobiles Radar sets and Electronics Synthetic rubber plants Uranium for the ’Manhattan Project’
Highlights Over 200,000 women enter the industrial workforce Canada supplies $4 Billion worth of equipment to Britain during the war. Much of Britain’s equipment was lost at Dunkirk Canada ends the war with the world’s 3 rd largest navy and 4 th largest air force.
$33 Billion Dollar Price Tag
Victory Bonds First bond drive raised over $200 million in 48hrs Supported by intense adverstising campaigns. By the end of the war over $12.5 Billion had been raised through war bonds. Canada’s primary lender was the Canadian people.
Hey Kid, Get to Work! Fundraising campaigns even targeted children. Sixteen stamps purchased at 25 cents each equalled a $4 certificate that could be redeemed seven-and- a-half years later for $5. “Stamp out the U-Boat” campaign 360 stamps buys one depth charge Victory gardens (over 200,000) Ontario Farm Service Force OFSF (Children, Women, Seniors) Involved over 55,000 Ontario students School delayed three weeks to bring in harvest
Salvage and Scrap 1942 becomes illegal to horde steel amounting to over 500 lbs. Offenders faced $5000 fines and up to 5 years in prison. Canadians were encouraged to donate everything from old tires to women’s under garments all in service of the war effort. School programs encouraged students to collect and postal workers went door to door collecting materials.
Put on your thinking hats Is conscription justifiable? Under what circumstances?