Presentation on theme: "From Afghanistan to Dubai By: Leigh Rubin. Afghan Child Labour 30% of Afghan children involved in child labour UNICEF gives children opportunity to be."— Presentation transcript:
From Afghanistan to Dubai By: Leigh Rubin
Afghan Child Labour 30% of Afghan children involved in child labour UNICEF gives children opportunity to be educated that are involved in child labour Causes high risk of injury due to heavy objects including bricks Started because of poverty and socioeconomic inequalities
Struggles of Girls Smuggle products into country including flour Work to avoid police while smuggling Highly discriminated against Girls working causes boys to have to do more work around the house
Supporting Children Over 1000 children involved in UNICEF sponsored activities Over 400 children given free education by UNICEF 160,000 children given a chance for education (not free) across the middle east
Source: Wadan Afghanistan/CAPN Survey 2008
Over 2000 children working in brick-making factories Money used to pay off family debt Mostly located in Eastern Afghanistan Child labour protection provided by UNICEF and CPAN Education provided by both governmental and non- governmental organizations
Life in Debt Over 550 families in debt living in small mud huts on the outskirts of the factories pay in order to live there 40 thousand Afghanis owe at least $800 in U.S. debt a lot of money for them By paying off debt causes more debt for families Families can’t afford essentials for living (clothing, food, shelter) Need to pay for medical purposes too
Work 8-12 hours per day UNCCR (UN Convention of Children’s Rights) and other treaties prohibit child labour Most of the time the law isn’t followed Majority of child labourers under the age of 15
Very wealthy so can spend a lot and parents earn a lot Don’t have to pay taxes Live in mansions Get high level education
Large amount of children A negative reason of going to Dubai Over GBP 8,000 for tuition for best schools Laptops, uniforms, supplies, etc. are provided if you pay tuition
Bad Things About Dubai for Children Summer Too hot for children to be comfortable Most polluted area of the U.A.E. Most children just hang out at friend’s air- conditioned house’s Many times can take two hours to get to school
Child Marriage Considered to be a “violation of basic human rights” around the world Many middle eastern countries have forced marriages Forced to marry as young as seven years old Law for marriage = cannot marry until sixteen years old
Children may become terrorists Parents may be terrorists May have to kill friends Religious Effects of Children in the Middle East Muslims must fight holy war to please Allah each day Holy war can include: Terrorism Bombing Bringing down planes Fighting holy war called Jihad (struggle) Reward: Good Afterlife
Bibliography "Child Arranged Marriages." About.com Search - Find It Now! Web. 17 Mar. 2011.. "Combating Child Labour in Afghanistan through Education." One World South Asia. UNICEF, 26 June 2009. Web. 17 Mar. 2011.. "The Concept of Jihad in Islam." ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Web. 17 Mar. 2011..
"Dubai Holidays and Travel with Children and Babies." Babygoes2.com - Because When You're Away from Home the Little Things Matter. Web. 17 Mar. 2011.. "I Have Children. Should I Live in Dubai?" Shelter Offshore - Banking, Saving and Living Offshore. Web. 17 Mar. 2011.. "IRIN Asia | AFGHANISTAN: Children Work in Brick Factories to Help Pay off Family Debts | Afghanistan | Children | Economy | Human Rights." IRIN Humanitarian News and Analysis from Africa, Asia and the Middle East - Updated Daily. Web. 17 Mar. 2011..