Presentation on theme: "International School Award Project"— Presentation transcript:
1International School Award Project GLOBAL CITIZEN SUMMITFree Powerpoint Templates
2GLOBAL CITIZEN SUMMITTranscending Global BoundariesThe students of classes IX and X after doing extensive research prepared PowerPoint presentation on countries like Afghanistan, Australia, Egypt, Germany, Iraq, Japan and United States of America. They not only enhanced their research skills but also learnt to appreciate diversity of cultures. Here are some of the glimpses of their collaborative efforts.
5AFGHAN CULTUREThe culture of Afghanistan has been around for over two millenniums, tracing record to at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BCE.
6FESTIVALS OF AFGHANISTAN The Afghans have always celebrated their festivals with dollops of enthusiasm. Nauroz is the largest and best known festival of Afghanistan. Jeshyn-Afghan Day, a national day, is observed on 19th August.
7AFGHAN CuisineAfghan cuisine is largely based upon the nation's chief crops; cereals like wheat, maize, barley. Accompanying these staples are dairy products various nuts, and native vegetables, as well as fresh and dried fruits; Afghanistan is well known for its grapes. Afghanistan's culinary specialties reflect its ethnic and geographic diversity.
8COSTUMES OF AFGHANISTAN Cotton and wool are the main material used in Afghanistan. Women wear the Chadri, which covers a women from head to foot. The men wear a thigh-length, long-sleeved shirt which is belted at the waist with a skirt effect to the lower half.
9AFGHAN DANCES Afghan dance styles can be classified according to ethnic and geographic divisions. Attan is a traditional Afghan dance. It is said to be one of the oldest forms of Afghan Pagan dance.
10ARCHITECTURE OF AFGHANISTAN Afghanistan contains striking architectural remnants of all ages, including Greek and Buddhist stupas and monasteries, arches, monuments, intricate Islamic minarets temples and forts. Among the most famous sites are the great mosques of Herat and Mazar-e Sharif.
11AFGHAN RELIGIONThe official religion in Afghanistan is Islam, which is practiced by over 99% of its citizens. Sunni Islam makes up 80-89% of the total population while the remaining % are Shi'as and about 1% or less practice other religions.
13Australian Government There are three ‘arms’ of the Australian Government:The LegislatureThe ExecutiveThe JudiciaryFour main political parties :"Australian Labour Party”"Liberal Party of Australia”"National Party of Australia“4. "Australian Greens".Hon John HoggPresident of Australia:
14AUSTRALIAN CULTURE AND LANGUAGE The culture of Australia is essentially a Western culture influenced by the unique geographically Australian features.Although, Australia has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the “de facto” national language.English is the only language spoken in 80% of homes in Australia. Other common languages spoken at home are Chinese(2.1%),Italian(1.9%) and Greek(1.4%).
15AustrailianCuisine Contemporary Australian cuisine Combines British and indigenousorigins with Mediterraneanand Asian influences . The greatmajority of Australians liveclose to the sea and Australiansea food restaurants have been listed among the World’s best.Vegemite ontoast
17EGYPT – “Gift of Nile”Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
18EGYPTIAN CULTUREEgyptian is the oldest known indigenous language of Egypt and a branch of the Afro-asiatic language family. Written records of the Egyptian language have been dated from about 3400 BC, making it one of the oldest recorded languages known, outside of Sumerian. Egyptian was spoken until the late 17th century AD in the form of Coptic.The national language of modern-day Egypt is Egyptian Arabic, which gradually replaced Coptic as the language of daily life in the centuries after the Muslim conquest of Egypt.The culture of Egypt has thousands of years of recorded history. Ancient Egypt was among the earliest civilizations. For millennia, Egypt maintained a strikingly complex and stable culture that influenced later cultures of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. After the Pharaonic era, Egypt itself came under the influence of Hellenism, for a time Christianity, and later, Islamic culture. Today, many aspects of Egypt's ancient culture exist in interaction with newer elements, including the influence of modern Western culture.
19EGYPTIAN RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY Egypt is predominantly Muslim, with Muslims accounting for between 80% and 90% of a population of around 80 million Egyptians. The vast majority of Muslims in Egypt are part of the Sunni Islam. A significant number of Muslim Egyptians also follow native Sufi orders, and there is a minority of Shi'a numbering a few thousands.The Egyptian pantheon comprised the many deities worshipped by the Ancient Egyptians. A number of major deities are addressed as the creators of the cosmos like Atum, Ra, Amun (Amen), and Ptah
20ARCHITECTUREEgyptian architecture is easily recognizable, thanks to its most famous buildings – pyramids. The construction of these impressive burial places for pharaohs and their families required between 20,000 and 30,000 workers. Construction materials were limestone and sun-baked bricks. Workers had to transport materials by sled and than they had to lift the blocks using the system of ramps and pulleys. Other Egyptian structures were temples and tombs, which were often decorated with hieroglyphics and carvings.
22GERMANYGermany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany ,is a federal parliamentary republic in west-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states, and its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. It is one of the major political powers of the European continent and a technological leader in many fields.
23History OF GERMANYAdolf Hitler , 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), commonly referred to as the Nazi Party). He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to Hitler was at the centre of the founding of Nazism, the start of World War II, and the Holocaust.The Weimar Republic is the name given by historians to the federal republic and parliamentary representative democracy established in 1919 in Germany to replace the imperial form of government. It was named after Weimar, the city where the constitutional assembly took place. Its official name was the German Reich (Deutsches Reich).
24GERMAN CULTURELanguage : German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. It is one of 23 official languages in the European Union, and one of the three working languages of the European Commission, along with English and French. Recognised native minority languages in Germany are Danish, Sorbian, Romany, and Frisian. The most used immigrant languages are Turkish, Kurdish, Polish, the Balkan languages, and Russian.Religion : 64.1 percent of the German population belongs to Christian denominations percent areRoman Catholic, and 32.7 percent are affiliated with Protestantism. Nowadays there is a non-religious majority in Hamburg and the East Germany. Only a few thousand people of Jewish origin remained in Germany after the Holocaust, but the German Jewish community now has approximately 100,000 members, many from the former Soviet Union. Germany also has a substantial Muslimminority, most of whom are from Turkey.Food: Pork, beef, and poultry are the main varieties of meat consumed in Germany, with pork being the most popular. Throughout all regions, meat is often eaten in sausage form. Organic food has gained a market share of around 3.0%, and is predicted to increase further. Breakfast is usually a selection of breads and rolls with jam and honey or cold meats and cheese, sometimes accompanied by a boiled egg. More than 300 types of bread are sold in bakery shops across the country.
25GERMAN CULTUREDress : Traditional german dresses include Dirndl, Tracht, Lederhosen and Gamsbart. Lederhosen, which means "leather trousers" in German, are the short, leather pants worn by men. These are usually knee-length and are the historically worn by working-class German men. The dirndl is a ruffled apron dress worn by that consists of a bodice, or blouse, and a skirt.Art and Craft: Germany has been famous for its arts and crafts the world over for centuries. The history of arts an crafts in Germany is a glorious chapter of the larger history of European High Culture.Music and Dance: Music is the life and blood of Germany. Most of the famous musicians and composers, over the ages have been from Germany. The German musical legacy holds the tunes of Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Sebastian Bach, Franz Schubert, Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner and many more.Dance is very popular in Germany and is entrenched in German culture from the very beginning. With more than two hundred and fifty ballet companies and over sixteen hundred dancers employed by theaters,Architecture: The architecture of Germany has a long, rich and diverse history. It is characterized by a high degree of regional diversity, caused by centuries of fragmentation of Germany into principalities and kingdoms. This makes Germany today a rich historical heritage site.
28IRAQIraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the north western end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert. The country borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run through the centre of Iraq, flowing from northwest to southeast.
29IRAQ - LANGUAGEThe official language of Iraq is Arabic. Many other languages are spoken by a variety of ethnic groups, most notably Kurdish. “Iraqi Arabic” (also known as Mesopotamian Arabic [Mesopotamian Qeltu Arabic, Mesopotamian Gelet Arabic, Baghdadi Arabic, Furati, Arabi, North Syrian Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken in the Mesopotamian basin of Iraq .
30religionThe majority of Iraqis are Muslims regardless of ethnicity. Its position in Iraq went through a transition during Saddam Hussein’s regime as the state moved from a secular one to one needing Islam to prop up their actions. At this stage the words “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) was added to the flag. During Saddam’s regime only Sunnis held real power.
33Geographical Features Of JAPAN Japan consists of several thousands of islands, of which Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku are the four largestJapan's area is comparable to that of Germany or California. Japan's northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the BahamasThe winter is mild and the summer is hot and humid. There is a rainy season in early summer, and typhoons hit parts of the country every year during late summer.The population of Japan is about 125,000,000, including approximately two million foreign residents. More than half of the non Japanese population is of Korean descent.
34Japanese Art And DanceJapanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture in wood and bronze, ink painting on silk and paper and more recently manga, cartoon, along with a myriad of other types of works of art.There are two types of Japanese traditional dance: Odori, which originated in the Edo period, and Mai, which originated in the western part of Japan. Odori grew out of Kabuki drama and is more oriented toward male sentiments. Mai is traditionally performed in Japanese rooms instead of on the stage
35People of JapanPeople of JAPAN are the most hard working people in the whole world.The people of JAPAN speak Japanese.Worldwide, approximately 130 million people are of Japanese descent; of these, approximately 127 million are residents of JAPAN.
36JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE Japanese architecture has traditionally been typified by wooden structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs. Sliding doors are used in place of walls. Influence from Han Dynasty China via Korea saw the introduction of more complex grain stores and ceremonial burial chambers.
37JAPANESE COSTUMES Their traditional dress is ‘Kimono’. Now a days western clothing is worn more often in day to day life.Although western-style dress is becoming more popular for the work place, schools, and streets it is still not worn by everybody.Japanese kimonos are wrapped around the body, sometimes in several layers, and are secured in place by sashes with a wide obi to complete the human parcel.
38JAPANESE FOODJapanese cuisine offers a great variety of dishes and regional specialties.Rice is one of the most popular dish which is eaten in Japan.Some of the important dishes are as follows:-Rice Bowl SushiOnigiri KayuFried RiceKare Raisu
39JAPANESE LanguageJapanese is an agglutinative language and a mora - timed language. It has a relatively small sound inventory, and a lexically significant pitch-accent system. It is distinguished by a complex system of honorifics reflecting the nature of Japanese society, with verb forms and particular vocabulary to indicate the relative status of the speaker, the listener, and persons mentioned in conversation. Japanese vowels are pure.
40JAPANESE ReligionMost Japanese people do not exclusively identify themselves as adherents of a single religion; rather, they incorporate elements of various religions in a syncretic fashion known as Shinbutsu shūgōJapan enjoys full religious freedom and minority religions such as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism are practiced
41Music Of JapanThe music of Japan includes a wide array of performers in distinct styles both traditional and modern. The word for music in Japanese is 音楽 (ongaku), combining the kanji 音 ("on" sound) with the kanji 楽 ("gaku" music). Japan is the largest music market in the world, with a total retail value of 4,096.7 million dollars and most of the market is dominated by Japanese artists.
44USA- GeographyThe land area of the contiguous United States is 2,959,064 square miles (7,663,941 km2). Alaska, separated from the contiguous United States by Canada, is the largest state at 663,268 square miles (1,717,856 km2).Hawaii, occupying an archipelago in the central Pacific, southwest of North America, is 10,931 square miles (28,311 km2) in area. The United States is the world's third or fourth largest nation by total area (land and water), ranking behind Russia and Canada and just above or below China .The ranking varies depending on how two territories disputed by China and India are counted and how the total size of the United States is measured: calculations range from 3,676,486 square miles (9,522,055 km2) to 3,717,813 square miles (9,629,091 km2) to 3,794,101 square miles (9,826,676 km2). Including only land area, the United States is third in size behind Russia and China, just ahead of Canada.
45History of USAThe indigenous peoples of the U.S. mainland, including Alaska Natives, are believed to have migrated from Asia, beginning between 40,000 and 12,000 years ago. In 1492 while under contract to Spanish crown, Christopher Columbus discovered several Caribbean islands and making first contact with the indigenous people. On April 2, 1513, Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León landed on what he called "La Florida"—the first documented European arrival on what would become the U.S. mainland.Spanish settlements in the region were followed by ones in the present-day southwestern United States that drew thousands through Mexico. French fur traders established outposts of New France around the Great Lakes; France eventually claimed much of the North American interior, down to the Gulf of Mexico.The United States is a federal union of fifty states. The original thirteen states were the successors of the thirteen colonies that rebelled against British rule.
46American ReligionThe United States is officially a secular nation; the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids the establishment of any religious governance.
47US SPORTSBaseball has been regarded as the National sport since the late 19th century, while American football is now the most popular spectator sport.Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading professional team sports. Boxing, soccer are played widely at the youth and amateur levels. Tennis and many outdoor sports are popular as well