2 The Oedipus ComlexSuggests that all children have an unconscious hatred for their same-gender parent and an unconscious attraction toward their opposite-gender parent.Term coined by Sigmund Freud in the 1920’s.Manifest by aggression and competition toward same-gender parent, and affection for opposite-gender parent.
3 Oedipus Complex in Star Wars Luke aggressively competes with his father, Darth Vader, whom he hates and tries to kill.Yoda (like the Oracle) prophecies that Luke must confront Vader.Luke tries to avoid his fate by turning Vader back to the light side.Despite his best intentions, Luke ultimately causes the death of Vader.
4 Furthermore, Luke (like Oedipus) has some serious denial issues when he finally learns the truth:
5 Oedipus Complex in Star Wars Having no mother figure to attach his desires to, Luke unconsciously is attracted to his sister Leia (who he doesn’t know is his sister!).
6 Oedipus Complex in Comedy The Oedipus Complex has been parodied a number of times, most famously by the comedian-songwriter Tom Lehrer in his song “Oedipus Rex.”
7 The Sphinx and Riddles in Popular Culture Harry Potter must confront a Sphinx in the maze at the end of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. In this case the Sphinx asks:First think of the person who lives in disguise,Who deals in secrets and tells naught but lies.Next, tell me what's always the last thing to mend,The middle of middle and end of the end?And finally give me the sound often heard,During the search for a hard-to-find word.Now string them together and answer me this,Which creature would you be unwilling to kiss?
8 The Sphinx and Riddles in Popular Culture In The Hobbit Bilbo and Gollum ask each other a series of riddles, the punishment for which (if Bilbo loses) is being eaten.One of Bilbo’s riddles closely resembles the riddle of the Sphinx:No-legs lay on one-leg, two legs sat near on three legs, four legs got some.Answer: Fish on a little one-legged table, man at table sitting on a three-legged stool, the cat gets the bones
9 The Sphinx and Riddles in Popular Culture In Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Battle of the Labyrinth the team meets a comically modern Sphinx in the following passage:“She stood on a glittery dais on the opposite side of the room. She had the body of a huge lion and the head of a woman. She would’ve been pretty, but her hair was tied back in a tight bun and she wore too much makeup, so she kind of reminded me of my third-grade choir teacher. She had a blue ribbon badge pinned to her chest that took me a moment to read: THIS MONSTER HAS BEEN RATED EXEMPLARY! Tyson whimpered. “Sphinx.” I knew exactly why he was scared. When he was small, Tyson had been attacked by a Sphinx’s paws and disappeared. Annabeth started forward, but the Sphinx roared, showing fangs in her otherwise human face. Bars came down on both tunnel exits, behind us and in front. Immediately the monster’s snarl turned into a brilliant smile. “Welcome, lucky contestants!” she announced. “Get ready to play…ANSWER THAT RIDDLE!” Canned applause blasted from the ceiling, as if there were invisible loudspeakers. Spotlights swept across the room and reflected off the dais, throwing disco glitter over the skeletons on the floor.
10 “Fabulous prizes. ” the Sphinx said “Fabulous prizes!” the Sphinx said. “Pass the test, and you get to advance! Fail, and I get to eat you! Who will be our contestant?” Annabeth grabbed my arm. “I’ve got this,” she whispered. “I know what she’s going to ask.” I didn’t argue too hard. I didn’t want Annabeth getting devoured by a monster, but I figured if the Sphinx was going to ask riddles, Annabeth was the best one of us to try. She stepped forward to the contestant’s podium, which had a skeleton in a school uniform hunched over it. She pushed the skeleton out of the way, and it clattered to the floor. “Sorry,” Annabeth told it. “Welcome, Annabeth Chase!” the monster cried, though Annabeth hadn’t said her name. “Are you ready for your test?” “Yes,” she said. “Ask your riddle.” “Twenty riddles, actually!” the Sphinx said gleefully. “What? But back in the old days—” “Oh, we’ve raised our standards! To pass, you must show proficiency in all twenty. Isn’t that great?” Applause switched on and off like somebody turning a faucet. Annabeth glanced at me nervously. I gave her an encouraging nod.
11 “Okay,” she told the Sphinx. “I’m ready “Okay,” she told the Sphinx. “I’m ready.” A drumroll sounded from above. The Sphinx’s eyes glittered with excitement. “What…is the capital of Bulgaria?” Annabeth frowned. For a terrible moment, I thought she was stumped. “Sofia,” she said, “but—” “Correct!” More canned applause. The Sphinx smiled so widely her fangs showed. “Please be sure to mark your answer clearly on your test sheet with a number 2 pencil.” “What?” Annabeth looked mystified. Then a test booklet appeared on the podium in front of her, along with a sharpened pencil. “Make sure you bubble each answer clearly and stay inside the circle,” the Sphinx said. “If you have to erase, erase completely or the machine will not be able to read your answers.” “What machine?” Annabeth asked. The Sphinx pointed with her paw. Over by the spotlight was a bronze box with a bunch of gears and levers and a big Greek letter Ȇta on the side, the mark of Hephaestus. “Now,” said the Sphinx, “next question—” “Wait a second,” Annabeth protested. “What about ‘What walks on four legs in the morning’?” “I beg your pardon?” the Sphinx said, clearly annoyed now. “The riddle about the man. He walks on four legs in the morning, like a baby, two legs in the afternoon, like an adult, and three legs in the evening, as an old man with a cane. That’s the riddle you used to ask.” “Exactly why we changed the test!” the Sphinx exclaimed. “You already knew the answer. Now second question, what is the square root of sixteen?”