Presentation on theme: "MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM ANTIQUITIES DIVISION STAKEHOLDER’S REVIEW MEETING FOR NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM SECTOR PROTECTION, DEVELOPMENT."— Presentation transcript:
MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM ANTIQUITIES DIVISION STAKEHOLDER’S REVIEW MEETING FOR NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM SECTOR PROTECTION, DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE RESOURCES
1.0 Background Information: The Division of Antiquities is a statutory body within the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism responsible for conservation, preservation, protection and management of cultural heritage resources in Tanzania. Tanzania is well endowed with abundant significant cultural heritage resources which range from the Pliocene period about four million years a go to present time which are: Historical sites Historical towns Traditional Settlements Historic Buildings Sites with special memories Archaeological or Paleontological sites Natural Features and Structures
Despite of the Nation being reach in heritage resources, only sixteen (16) are managed and controlled by the Central Government under the Antiquities Division. According to currently available research findings show that Tanzania has 128 areas which have been published on the National Gazette, though there are more than 500 areas recorded to have significance of cultural heritage resources. Three sites among the sixteen (16) which are Kondoa Rock Art site, the Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara, and Olduvai Gorge are inscribed on the World Heritage list.
1.2 Policy and Legal Framework: The legal protection of Tanzania cultural heritage resources is effected through Antiquities Act of 1964 (Act No. 10 of 1964 or Cap 333 Ref. 2002) and its amendment of 1979 (Act No. 22 of 1979) as well as Rules and Regulations of 1981, 1991, 1995 and 2002. The 1964 Act, offers general protection to objects or structures, which are of archaeological, paleontological, historic, architectural, artistic, ethnological or scientific interest. Also operates by using the National Antiquities Policy of 2008, in which roles and responsibilities of different actors and stakeholders of cultural heritage resources have been clarified.
The important feature of the 2008 policy includes: Elaborations of roles of the public, individuals, corporate and institutions in managing cultural heritage resources; Analyze ways in which cultural heritage activities will be managed and administered; Clearly clarify measures through which cultural heritage resources shall be protected, managed, preserved, conserved and developed; and Analyze the best practices for conducting research and conservation of cultural heritage resources.
1.3 Development of Cultural Heritage Resources: Development of cultural heritage resources are basing on the Ministerial Strategic Plan for the year 2013 – 2016. Implementation of Antiquities plans focus on five (5) main priorities areas which include: Implementation of the Cultural Policy Strategy; Responsible conservation and development of monuments and sites; Good Governance; National, Regional and International Cooperation on Cultural Heritage Development and Protection; and Promotion of Cultural Heritage and Stakeholders’ participation and involvement in its conservation.
2.1 Implementation of the Cultural Heritage Policy Strategy: The Policy Strategy of 2013 – 2017 draws its main rationale from the culture policy of 1998 to contribute significantly to cultural heritage and socio-economic development of the nation. Due to this strategy Conservation Guidelines on Heritage Resource Areas and Historic Structures were prepared and published in 2010; five (5) Information Centers at Kolo Rock Art Sites; Olduvai Gorge; Dr. Livingstone Memorial Museum, Ujiji, Caravan Serai, and Isimila were constructed. Implementation of this strategy faces some challenges such as: Inadequate human resources in the districts; and Financial constraints and low morale to invest into the conservation and protection of cultural heritage. Efforts to address the challenges include involving the district council in the planning and strategizing of conserving of cultural heritage in their districts, and training and community involvement.
2.2 Responsible Conservation and Development of Monuments and sites The Division is using its resources to conserve, protect and maintain sixteen (16) sites. There are conservation challenges such as: Few competent staff with conservation skills to meet conservation requirements; Low involvement of stakeholders in management and development of the heritage resources; Poor infrastructures to some sites which are found in remote areas with no water, electricity and even roads are impassable during rain seasons. Cultural heritage resources has not been recognized as a valued resource economically, socially, politically and culturally and even financial resource that is made available annually is inadequate. This hinders tourism development at the same time slows down economic growth associated with cultural tourism products. Similarly, this situation slows down the use of the heritage for education and income generation to the communities around those sites.
2.3 Promotion of Cultural Heritage and Stakeholders Participation and Involvement The cultural policy of 2008 calls for stakeholders participation and involvement. Sustainable uses of cultural heritage resources need exchange of perceptions and experiences among stakeholders. Stakeholders who are involved in conservation and development of cultural heritage resources are such as Local Councils; NGO’s such as UZIMA kwa Sanaa (UZIKWASA) in Pangani District, Urithi in Tanga Municipality Baraza la Wazee for Majimaji Museum in Songea, and Trade Aid in Mikindani, Mtwara. But also there are development partners who play a major role in the conservation and management of cultural resources in Tanzania.
If cultural heritage resources well managed, could be useful to people surrounding the resources and the public at large for poverty reduction. In the period from June, 2005/2006 tourists who visited cultural sites increased from 42,649 to 214,214 in June, 2012/2013 and revenue increased from Tshs.208, 095,895. 89 to Tshs.1,321, 430.797 in the same period. To attract more tourists to visit Antiquities sites, there is a marketing and promotion Plan to market and promote the cultural heritage resource within and outside the country. The promotion normally has been done during Sabasaba Exhibitions, Wiki ya Utumishi wa Umma, Nane Nane, on TBC1 (Zamadamu programme), and use of brochures. Also, there are ongoing campaigns to promote cultural heritage resources in secondary and primary schools.
2.5 National, Regional and International Cooperation There are different Conventions regarding the protection and conservation of cultural heritage resources. Also there are some cooperation with International Organizations such as: International Centre for the Study of Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Properties (ICCROM); World Heritage Centre (WHC) in Paris, France; International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in Paris, France, and African Organization for Museums (AFRICOM) Through these Conventions and cooperations the Division has benefited in issues pertaining to training and financial assistances. Conservation needs a number of qualified experts in diversified fields of knowledge, skills and exposure. The Division in collaboration with local government, NGOS, local communities is making sure to have sufficient people for management and development of heritage resources.
3.0 Priorities for the year 2014/2015 – 2017/18 Priories for the above mentioned period will focus on the following areas: 3.1 Implementation of Cultural Heritage Policy Strategy. In which the focus will be to have in place: A new Antiquities Act by June, 2017; Aired 20 TV programmes on cultural heritage to create awareness; and 20 cultural officers supported through training in 20 Districts by June, 2017
3.2 Conservation and development of Cultural Heritage sites Focus will be to have in place: 10 cultural heritage sites upgraded by June, 2017; 3.3.Promotion and stakeholders’ involvement Focus will be to have in place: 6 Local councils involved in the upgrading of Cultural heritage Resources by June 2017; and Exhibits and Promotional materials in place at 6 Tanzania Embassies abroad by June, 2017; 3.4 National, Regional and International Cooperation Focus will be to have in place: International Convention domesticated in our national heritage ASANTE