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Geordie p. 35 Millennium 1. Geordie 1.Before reading check whether you remember: a.What a ballad is. b.What its typical features are.  1a:  It is.

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Presentation on theme: "Geordie p. 35 Millennium 1. Geordie 1.Before reading check whether you remember: a.What a ballad is. b.What its typical features are.  1a:  It is."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geordie p. 35 Millennium 1

2 Geordie

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4 1.Before reading check whether you remember: a.What a ballad is. b.What its typical features are.  1a:  It is a poem that tells a story sung in medieval times accompanied by music.  1b :  It is usually anonymous,  It is handed down orally through the centuries;  it has a simple, direct rhymed language;  Its metrical pattern is the quatrain;  It is often accompanied by a refrain;  It often deals with tragic events.

5 LANGUAGE THROUGH LITERATURE

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8 5.Rhetorical devices In the ballad two common rhetorical devices are used. Highlight them in the text in the corresponding colours: anaphora: the repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines of poetry enumeration: a list of people, animals or things. “Come bridle me my....” (ll. 5-6) “ no cow, no calf / Nor sheep” (ll )

9 GUIDED ANALYSIS 1.Focus on the content Talk about: a.characters; narrator, Geordie, Geordie’s lover / wife, the judge. b.atmosphere; gloomy atmosphere of impending death and violence. c.theme; tragic love story. 2.Focus on the characters. a.What do we know of the narrator? the poet is anonymous; he has no other function than telling the story, i.e. he is the narrative voice. b.What do we know of Geordie’s lover/wife? She is a pretty young girl (l3); she rides to London Court of Justice to plead for her lover’s life (ll ); she is ready to part with her children to save Geordie’s life (ll ); she proclaims her love by regretting she was not with Geordie in the wood when he was arrested so that she could fight for him (ll ) c.Why has he been hanged? Because he stole sixteen of the king’s wild deer and sold them (ll ). d.What social class does Geordie belong to? He belongs to the aristocracy. e.What does the judge stand for? He symbolises medieval law.

10 GUIDED ANALYSIS 1.Focus on the narrative technique and language Identify: Rhyme scheme; The rhymes are not perfect ( slant or inexact rhyme is widely used here) but it is possible to identify a dominant rhyme scheme: a-b-c-b Verse form; Stanzas are quatrains. Four-stress and three-stress lines alternate in each quatrain. Narrative mode; The story is told through narration and dialogue. refrain / repetitions. “the life of Geordie” / “for the life of Geordie” alliteration “misty / morning” (l.2); “me / my / milk-white” (l.5); “me / my” (l.6); “lords and ladies” (l.10); “no cow nor calf” (l.13); language used it is colloquial, simple and direct with a preponderance of monosyllabic Anglo-Saxon words. The singer makes also use of concrete nouns and stock phrases.

11 De André’s version of Geordie 1. Compare De André’s version of Geordie to the original 2. Is De André’s version faithful to the Middle Age original or has it been changed on the basis of the folk singer’s mood? It is very faithful to the Middle Age original even if he changed the order of the images. 3.Beyond keeping faithful to the medieval version what images has he added rendering the ballad perhaps more poetical? Stanza 3 lines “Geordie non rubò mai neppure per me / un frutto o un fiore raro”; Stanza 4 lines “Salvate le sue labbra, salvate il suo sorriso, / non ha vent’anni ancora / cadrà l’inverno anche sopra il suo viso, / potrete impiccarlo allora”. FEATURES Rhyme scheme Verse form Narrative mode Refrain Language used DE ANDR É’S VERSION ORIGINAL BALLAD Quatrains Not always regular (abab dominant) Not always regular (abcb dominant) narration and dialogue “vendendoli per denaro”“(for) the life of Geordie” colloqial


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