Presentation on theme: "Petr Novotný Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného Znojmo"— Presentation transcript:
1Petr Novotný Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného Znojmo GRAMMAR: NUMERALSPetr NovotnýGymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného Znojmo
2CONTENTSThis presentation contains basic English number words and numeric expressions such as: Cardinal Numerals Ordinal Numerals Multiplicative Numerals Decimal Numbers Fractions and Percentages.
3TYPES OF NUMERALSCardinal Numerals (=číslovky základní): are used to refer to a size of a group (one, two, ...) Ordinal Numerals (=číslovky řadové): are used to refer to a position in a sequence or order (first, second, ...) Multiplicative Numerals (=číslovky násobné): are used to express how many times something happened or exists (once, twice, ...)
4CARDINAL, ORDINAL, AND MULTIPLICATIVE NUMERALS  1 one1st firstonce2 two2nd secondtwice3 three3rd thirdthree times / thrice4 four4th fourthfour times5 five5th fifth (× five)five times6 six6th sixthsix times7 seven7th seventhseven times8 eight8th eightheight times9 nine9th ninth (× nine)nine times10 ten10th tenthten timesNumerals written in bold are irregular in form or spelling.
5CARDINAL, ORDINAL, AND MULTIPLICATIVE NUMERALS  11 eleven11th eleventheleven times12 twelve12th twelfth (× twelve)twelve times13 thirteen (× three)13th thirteenththirteen times14 fourteen14th fourteenthfourteen times15 fifteen (× five)15th fifteenthfifteen times16 sixteen16th sixteenthsixteen times17 seventeen17th seventeenthseventeen times18 eighteen (× eight)18th eighteentheighteen times19 nineteen19th nineteenthnineteen times20 twenty10th twentieth (× twenty)twenty timesNumerals written in bold are irregular in form or spelling.
7"0" IN ENGLISHThere are several names for the number 0 in English: 'nought' in British English 'zero' in mathematics and for temperature 'oh' in telephone and decimal numbers 'nil' in sport results 'love' in tennis
8DECIMAL NUMBERS16.257integer part (the part to the left of the decimal separator)fractional part (the part from the decimal separator to the right)decimal point (the decimal separator)Example:the integer part is read as a whole number the decimal point is pronounced 'point' in the fractional part the numbers are read one by one This example: sixteen point two five seven.
9FRACTIONS7 / 12numeratordenominatorline or slashExample:The numerator is read as an cardinal number and the denominator as an ordinal number: 1 / 3 one third; 1 / 5 one fifth; 1 / 10 one tenth If the numerator is different from one, the ordinal number is in plural: 2 / 3 two thirds; 3 / 5 three fifths; 7 / 10 seven tenths Irregular fractions: 1 / 2 one half; 1 / 4 one qurter Large fractions: are read numerator over denominator (where both numerator and denominator are read as cardinal). 13 / 75 thirteen over seventy-five
10PERCENTAGESPercentages are usually denoted by the percent sign (%) or the abbreviation pct. In British English percent is sometimes written as two words (per cent); in American English it is usually one word. The word is always singular; the stress is on cent: per'cent. 1 % one percent 5 % five percent 10.2 % ten point two percent.
11BIBLIOGRAPHYLeech, G.: An A–Z of English Grammar and Usage. London, Nelson English Language Teaching Thomson, A. J. and Martinet, A. V.: A Practical English Grammar. Oxford, Oxford University Press Wikipedia contributors. "English numerals." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 19 Mar