Presentation on theme: "Petr Novotný Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného Znojmo"— Presentation transcript:
1 Petr Novotný Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného Znojmo GRAMMAR: NUMERALSPetr NovotnýGymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného Znojmo
2 CONTENTSThis presentation contains basic English number words and numeric expressions such as: Cardinal Numerals Ordinal Numerals Multiplicative Numerals Decimal Numbers Fractions and Percentages.
3 TYPES OF NUMERALSCardinal Numerals (=číslovky základní): are used to refer to a size of a group (one, two, ...) Ordinal Numerals (=číslovky řadové): are used to refer to a position in a sequence or order (first, second, ...) Multiplicative Numerals (=číslovky násobné): are used to express how many times something happened or exists (once, twice, ...)
4 CARDINAL, ORDINAL, AND MULTIPLICATIVE NUMERALS  1 one1st firstonce2 two2nd secondtwice3 three3rd thirdthree times / thrice4 four4th fourthfour times5 five5th fifth (× five)five times6 six6th sixthsix times7 seven7th seventhseven times8 eight8th eightheight times9 nine9th ninth (× nine)nine times10 ten10th tenthten timesNumerals written in bold are irregular in form or spelling.
5 CARDINAL, ORDINAL, AND MULTIPLICATIVE NUMERALS  11 eleven11th eleventheleven times12 twelve12th twelfth (× twelve)twelve times13 thirteen (× three)13th thirteenththirteen times14 fourteen14th fourteenthfourteen times15 fifteen (× five)15th fifteenthfifteen times16 sixteen16th sixteenthsixteen times17 seventeen17th seventeenthseventeen times18 eighteen (× eight)18th eighteentheighteen times19 nineteen19th nineteenthnineteen times20 twenty10th twentieth (× twenty)twenty timesNumerals written in bold are irregular in form or spelling.
7 "0" IN ENGLISHThere are several names for the number 0 in English: 'nought' in British English 'zero' in mathematics and for temperature 'oh' in telephone and decimal numbers 'nil' in sport results 'love' in tennis
8 DECIMAL NUMBERS16.257integer part (the part to the left of the decimal separator)fractional part (the part from the decimal separator to the right)decimal point (the decimal separator)Example:the integer part is read as a whole number the decimal point is pronounced 'point' in the fractional part the numbers are read one by one This example: sixteen point two five seven.
9 FRACTIONS7 / 12numeratordenominatorline or slashExample:The numerator is read as an cardinal number and the denominator as an ordinal number: 1 / 3 one third; 1 / 5 one fifth; 1 / 10 one tenth If the numerator is different from one, the ordinal number is in plural: 2 / 3 two thirds; 3 / 5 three fifths; 7 / 10 seven tenths Irregular fractions: 1 / 2 one half; 1 / 4 one qurter Large fractions: are read numerator over denominator (where both numerator and denominator are read as cardinal). 13 / 75 thirteen over seventy-five
10 PERCENTAGESPercentages are usually denoted by the percent sign (%) or the abbreviation pct. In British English percent is sometimes written as two words (per cent); in American English it is usually one word. The word is always singular; the stress is on cent: per'cent. 1 % one percent 5 % five percent 10.2 % ten point two percent.
11 BIBLIOGRAPHYLeech, G.: An A–Z of English Grammar and Usage. London, Nelson English Language Teaching Thomson, A. J. and Martinet, A. V.: A Practical English Grammar. Oxford, Oxford University Press Wikipedia contributors. "English numerals." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 19 Mar