Presentation on theme: "INCO-COPERNICUS Project Micromachined Circuits for Microwave and Millimeter Wave Applications (MEMSWAVE) 2 nd Meeting, Uppsala, 7-8 May 1999. Workpackage."— Presentation transcript:
INCO-COPERNICUS Project Micromachined Circuits for Microwave and Millimeter Wave Applications (MEMSWAVE) 2 nd Meeting, Uppsala, 7-8 May 1999. Workpackage A: Manufacturing of microwave and millimeter wave circuits supported on thin dielectric membranes realized on high resistivity Si substrates. Task A.2: Design, modeling, manufacturing and microwave measurements of the passive circuit elements Romolo Marcelli Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Progetto Sensori e Microsistemi M 2 T Microwave Microsystem Technology
Microwave Microsystem Technology2 WP A: Objective, Tasks and Deadlines §Design, realization and test of microwave and millimeter wave micromachined circuits on Si substrates 1 st -21 st month Tasks: §A.1: Dielectric membranes on high resistivity Si 1 st - 9 th month §A.2: Design, modeling and manufacturing of lumped elements 4 th - 18 th month §A.3: Millimeter wave filter demonstrator 7 th - 21 st month
Microwave Microsystem Technology3 General Description §Release of the feasibility on lumped elements and filters for microwave and millimeter wave frequencies on micromachined high resistivity Si wafers. §Design, realization and modeling of microstrip and coplanar circuits. The results obtained by characterization up to 40 GHz of lumped and filter structures will be used to design and realize 77 GHz demonstrators. §S-inductors, meander inductors, interdigital capacitors, spiral inductors, 15% bandwidth filters have to be studied.
Microwave Microsystem Technology4 Task A.2 Results §S and Meander inductors, and Interdigital Capacitors with eight and sixteen fingers have been simulated by means of the commercial software package HP Microwave Design System (HP-MDS) to exploit the possibilities for the simulation of lumped components utilizing coupled line elements, right angle bends and tee-junctions. §the agreement between experimental results and simulations is improved up to a satisfactory level by increasing the number of coupling effects considered within the structures. This is particularly important when components on membrane are exploited, i.e. for planar components characterized by a very low dielectric constant
Microwave Microsystem Technology5 Design criteria Microstrip elements for approximating the behaviour of coplanar waveguide (CPW) configurations have been used to simulate the experimental components. This choice is due to the fact that the microstrips are better known than the CPWs, and for this reason a huge number of analytical and numerical results are available. The treatment by means of coupled microstrips is particularly effective when lumped elements realized on membranes are considered, because the planar arrangement of lines placed on a medium with a very small effective dielectric constant and having a separation between them in the order of few tens of micron is more sensitive to the planar coupling.
Microwave Microsystem Technology7 Scattering parameter S 21 for bulk S-inductor S 21 parameter measured on a S-inductor realized on bulk GaAs (Exp, continuous line)compared with the two simulations described in the text, by including coupling only between ground and external lines (Bulk, dashed) and up to five coupled lines (Bulk5, points).
Microwave Microsystem Technology8 Scattering parameter S 21 for S-inductor on membrane S 21 parameter measured (Exp, continouous line) and simulated (Theoretical, dashed line) for the S-inductor realized on membrane.
Microwave Microsystem Technology9 Meander Inductor Meander inductor configuration for bulk GaAs and silicon micromachined substrates. The ground planes configuration is the same used for the S-inductor.
Microwave Microsystem Technology10 Scattering parameter S 21 for meander inductor on bulk GaAs S 21 parameter for the bulk meander inductor.
Microwave Microsystem Technology11 Scattering parameter S 21 for meander inductor on membrane S 21 parameter for the meander inductor on membrane.
Microwave Microsystem Technology12 Small interdigital capacitor (8 fingers) The eight fingers interdigital capacitor.
Microwave Microsystem Technology13 Scattering parameter S 21 for the small interdigital capacitor on bulk GaAs S 21 parameter for the eight fingers interdigital capacitor on bulk GaAs. The experimental result (Exp, continuous curve) is compared to the theoretical one (Theo, dashed line) composed by small elements and to the library software component (Lib, line with points).
Microwave Microsystem Technology14 Scattering parameter S 21 for the small interdigital capacitor on membrane S 21 parameter for the small capacitor on membrane. The difference between experimental, theoretical and library curves is now less pronounced with respect to the bulk circuit.
Microwave Microsystem Technology16 Scattering parameter S 21 for the big interdigital capacitor on bulk GaAs S 21 parameter for the bulk sixteen fingers interdigital capacitor
Microwave Microsystem Technology17 Scattering parameter S 21 for the big interdigital capacitor on membrane S 21 parameter for the sixteen fingers interdigital capacitor on membrane
Microwave Microsystem Technology18 Working groups and resources §List of available human and technical resources and necessary complements for WP A:
Microwave Microsystem Technology19 Conclusions Lumped elements have been designed and realized on bulk GaAs and on micromachined Si. The agreement between measurements and theoretical data simulated by means of a coupled microstrip approach is quite good for most of them in the microwave range, especially when circuits on membranes are considered. For frequencies higher than 30 GHz, a more precise simulation by using EM software will be performed, to account for more complicated coupling effects.