Presentation on theme: "Yang Zixiao, HKUST Does Anti-Americanism correlate with Pro-China? A Regression Analysis to Sixteen Countries’ Public Opinions HKPSA, 20-21 August 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Yang Zixiao, HKUST Does Anti-Americanism correlate with Pro-China? A Regression Analysis to Sixteen Countries’ Public Opinions HKPSA, 20-21 August 2009
Research Questions: what is the relation between global public opinion, or public attitudes of citizens in major countries, toward the China and the United States?
Key Hypothesis Individuals with higher anti-Americanism will tend to express more amity toward China.
Methodology Dataset: Pew Global Attitudes Project, Spring 2005. Conducted in sixteen countries: France, Germany, Spain, Britain, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, India, China, Canada, the US, Turkey, Pakistan, Indonesia, Lebanon Jordan and Morocco. Overall sample size: 15,575.
Key Dependent Variables Overall do you think that China’s growing economy is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? Overall do you think it would be a good thing or a bad thing if China were to become as powerful militarily as the US? Please tell me if you have a very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of China?
Figure 2. Sixteen Countries' Public Opinion toward China, the US, Germany, France and Japan, Source: PEW 2005 Spring Survey
Key Explanatory Variables Five relevant questions about the US, including evaluations of its entire national image, superpower position, foreign policy, war on terror and President George W. Bush. Factor analyses help us to create a single “Pro- US” factor. In all 17,766 observations, the minimum and maximum values are 0 and 1; the average is 0.459 and standard deviation is 0.260.
Control Variables Age Gender Income Education Use of Internet Country Dummy Variables
People who are more pro-American are “somewhat” likely to approve China’s rising economic power, “very” likely to disapprove China’s rising military power, and “moderately” likely to have a favorable view of China.
Demographic and Socioeconomic Variables: Young people are most likely to be approval of China. Mid-high income people and people with high secondary educational degree show the least amity. Females are less likely to have a favorable view. There is no significant difference between netizens and non Internet users.