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Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Explain how the situation in Korea became the Korean War, the first military conflict of the Cold War. Describe.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Explain how the situation in Korea became the Korean War, the first military conflict of the Cold War. Describe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Explain how the situation in Korea became the Korean War, the first military conflict of the Cold War. Describe how the Korean War ended. Explain how the Cold War led to a Red Scare in the United States. Objectives

2 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Terms and People stalemate – a situation in which neither side wins demilitarized zone – an area which neither side controls Joseph McCarthy – Wisconsin Senator who built his career by threatening to expose Communists censure – to condemn

3 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period As American soldiers fought in the Korean War, other Americans hunted for Communists in America. How did the United States respond to the invasion of Korea and its aftermath? In 1950, the Cold War suddenly turned hot in the East Asian nation of Korea.

4 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Before World War II, Japan had occupied Korea. After the war, Korea was divided. On June 25, 1950, North Korean troops invaded South Korea. Communist, backed by the Soviet Union Non-Communist, backed by the United States

5 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period President Truman responded quickly to the attack on South Korea. He urged the UN Security Council to send a military force to Korea. He appointed World War II hero General Douglas MacArthur to lead the force. Sixteen nations agreed to send troops, but 90 percent of the force would be American.

6 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period The first UN forces to arrive were badly outnumbered and poorly supplied. They were pushed back to the southern tip of South Korea. As fresh troops and supplies arrived, they were able to hold their ground.

7 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period In September, General MacArthur launched a bold counterattack. UN forces attacked at Inchon and pushed the North Koreans back across the border. They pursued the North Koreans almost to the Yalu River on the border of China.

8 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period China’s government was threatened as UN forces neared the Yalu River. Masses of Chinese soldiers crossed the border and attacked. UN troops were pushed back to South Korea.

9 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period The war in South Korea quickly settled into a stalemate. Neither side could win. General MacArthur argued that the UN must attack China to win the war. Truman disagreed. This conflict led him to fire MacArthur.

10 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Peace talks began in July 1951 and lasted for two years. Meanwhile, the fighting continued. A cease-fire finally ended the fighting in July Both sides established a demilitarized zone, which still exists today.

11 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period The Korean War had an enormous impact on Korea, America, and other UN nations. Tensions between North and South Korea continue today.

12 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period The failure to win a decisive victory in Korea added to Americans’ fears about Communism. Will the United States ever defeat communism? Are Communist spies secretly working to overthrow the U.S. government?

13 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period In 1947, the House Un-American Activities Committee led an investigation to find Communists. The car is a symbol for the committee. The committee “ran over” anyone in its way. Cartoons like this one criticized the committee’s methods.

14 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Two spying cases seized public attention. Alger Hiss, a former State Department official, was accused of passing secrets to Soviet agents. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of giving the secret of the atomic bomb to the Soviets. They were found guilty and executed in Hiss never served jail time for spying.

15 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period The climate of fear also led to the rise of Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin. In 1950, McCarthy accused many members of the U.S. State Department of being Communists. Over the next four years, he held a series of Senate hearings. Senator Joseph McCarthy

16 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period In 1954, a series of events brought about McCarthy’s downfall and the end of the Communist scare. McCarthy publicly made false accusations against the U.S. Army. He lost most of his following. The Senate voted to censure him. The Communist scare was mostly finished.

17 Chapter 25 Section 3 The Korean War Period Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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