2 The Test Math Skills Test (MST) Reading Skills Test (RST) 30 Questions / 25 MinutesQuantitative aptitudeArithmetic reasoningGeneral mathematicsAlgebraPlane geometryReading Skills Test (RST)27 questions / 25 minVerbal aptitudeSentence comprehension
3 The Test Mechanical Comprehension Test (MCT) 30 Questions / 15 MinutesMechanical aptitudePrinciples involved in the operation of mechanical devicesBasic physics….Spatial Apperception Test (SAT)35 Questions / 10 MinutesRecognition of position or altitude of an airplane by viewing from ground and horizon
4 The Test Aviation/Nautical Information Test (ANT) 30 Questions / 15 MinutesBasic aviation and nautical terminology, principles, and practicesAviation Supplemental Test34 Questions / 25 MinutesMixture of above types of questionsDon’t stress about this section, just do the best you can.
5 The Scores Academic Qualification Rating (AQR) Scoring emphasis on MSTPilot Flight Aptitude Rating (PFAR)Scoring emphasis on ANIT, SATFlight Officer Flight Aptitude Rating (FOFAR)
6 No Penalty for Guessing Sample Test ProblemsNo Penalty for GuessingThese only demonstrate a sampling of questions found on the ASTB. For a more comprehensive sampling, use one of the ASTB study guides*.*NOMI does not endorse any particular guide.
7 MST (1)Two trains running on the same track travel at the rates of 30 and 35 mph, respectively. If the slower train starts out an hour earlier, how long will it take the faster train to catch up with it?(A) 4 hours(B) 5 hours(C) 6 hours(D) 7 hoursIn 1 hour, slower train is 30 miles ahead. Every hour, the faster train gains 5 miles (it is 5mph faster)30/5 = 6 hours to gain that 30 mile lead
8 MST (2)A naval detachment has enough rations to feed sixteen people for 10 days. If four more people join the detachment, for how many fewer days will the rations last?(A) 1(B) 2(C) 3(D) 4Second Technique to solve:let n = # ration days for 20 people16 x 10 = 20 x nn = 160/20 = 8 days (2 days less)16 people for 10 days16 x 10 = 160 rations= 20 people total160 / 20 = 8 days Therefore 2 days less
9 MST (3)A field can be plowed by 9 machines in 5 hours. If 3 machines are broken and cannot be used, how many hours will it take to plow the field?(A) 7 ½ hours(B) 8 ½ hours(C) 9 ½ hours(D) 10 ½ hoursOther Method:n = # hours for 6 machines9 x 5 = 6 x n45 = 6nn = 45/6 = 7.59 machines take 5 hours, so..9 x 5 = 45 hours for 1 machine9 x 5 = 1 x n (n = # hrs for 1 machine)If 3 are broken:9 – 3 = 6 machines working1 x 45 = 6 x c (c= # hrs for 6 machines)n = 45/6 = 7 ½ hours
10 MST (4)A family drove from New York to San Francisco, a distance of 3,000 miles. They drove 1/10 of the distance the first day and 1/9 of the remaining distance the second day. How many miles were left to be driven?(A) 2,200(B) 2,300(C) 2,400(D) 2,500First day: Drove 1/10 of 3000 = 300Therefore 2,700 miles remainingSecond day: Drove 1/9 of 2,700 = 300Therefore 2,400 miles remaining
11 Other MST tips Triangle Areas Circumference 180 degrees total Right triangle has 1 corner = 90°Complementary angles add up to 90°Pythagorean Theorem a² + b² = c²AreasCircumference
12 MCT (1)YXidlerIn the figure shown above, X is the driver gear and Y is the driven gear. If the idler gear is rotating clockwise,(A) gear X and gear Y are rotating clockwise(B) gear X and gear Y are rotating counterclockwise(C) gear X is rotating clockwise, while gear Y is rotating counterclockwise
13 MCT (2)100 lb. pullWThe maximum weight, W, that can be lifted as shown with a pull of 100 pounds is(A) 100 pounds(B) 200 pounds(C) 300 poundsThe number of pulleys indicates the mechanical advantage. In this case, it is 22 x 100lbs = 200lbs
14 This one’s a little tougher. MCT (3)This one’s a little tougher.Don’t be skerred!
15 MCT (3)A 5-kg wad of clay is tied to the end of a string. A 300-gm copper moving horizontally is embedded into the clay and causes the clay and ball to rise to a height of 0.2 m. The initial velocity v1 of the ball is nearlyA) 6.3 m/sB) 7.3 m/sC) 8.3 m/sKE = ½ mv2 and PE = mgh. By conservation of energy, KE must equal PE. Solve for v!½ (0.3 kg )(v2) = ( kg)(9.8 m/s)(0.2 m)
16 RST (1) The voters showed their ____ by staying away from the polls (A) affluence(B) apathy(C) interest(D) registration-lack of interest
17 OTHER RST HINTSAnother type of questions consists of a passage followed by a list of statements. You must identify the statement that is most true.Hint: DO NOT assume anything, even if you know it’s true. The most correct statement is the one that can DIRECTLY be made from the passage.
18 RST (2)“Genuine coins have an even and distinct corrugated outer edge; the corrugated outer edges on counterfeit coins are usually uneven, crooked, or missing.”counterfeit coins can rarely be distinguished from genuine coinscounterfeit coins never lose their corrugated outer edgegenuine coins never lose their uneven, corrugated outer edgethe quality of the outer edge may show that a coin is counterfeitThere is nothing in the quote to support the first three choices
19 RST (3)“Education should not stop when the individual has been prepared to make a livelihood and to live in modern society; living would be mere existence were there no appreciation and enjoyment of the riches of art, literature, and science.”This quotation best supports the statement that true educationdeals chiefly with art, literature, and sciencedisregards practical goalsprepares an individual for a full enjoyment of lifeteaches a person to focus on the routine problems of lifeThe other choices do not address the quotation as much as the third choice.
20 SAT Look for position of the horizon Look for angle of the horizon Climbing, diving, level flightIf the horizon is above the middle of the picture, the plane is divingIf the horizon is below the middle, climbingLook for angle of the horizonLook for position of the coastline
21 SAT (1) 1. Check horizon 2. Angle of horizon Distance above horizon1. Check horizon2. Angle of horizon3. Check for land positionDistance below horizonTraveling AWAY from land mass
22 SAT (2) 1. Check horizon 2. Angle of horizon Distance above horizon greater1. Check horizon2. Angle of horizon3. Check for land position
23 SAT (3) 1. Check horizon 2. Angle of horizon Distance above horizon1. Check horizon2. Angle of horizon3. Check for land positionDistance below horizonLand mass on left side
27 ANIT Direction Runways Parallel Runways (notice opposite ends) direction of landing/takeoffParallel Runways (notice opposite ends)32L32R14L14R3618360270090Winddirection it is coming FROM225180
28 ANIT Wing Types How they are attached to the airplane How they look Dihedral wingsgive aircraft roll stabilityPhoto Under Construction (I don’t have one) – so you get my stick figures…Anhedral wingsenhanced roll performance
29 Aviation Knowledge Wake Turbulence Angle of Attack Ground Effect LightsFour ForcesWing ShapesFlight ControlsSpace KnowledgeNautical Terminology
30 ANIT (1) The pilot yaws an airplane by using the (A) flaps (B) ailerons(C) elevators(D) trim(E) rudder
31 ANIT (2)Camber is the:(A) curvature of an airfoil between the leading edge and the trailing edge(B) distance between the leading edge and the trailing edge(C) distance between each wingtip(D) angle between the chord line of the wing and the relative wind(E) angle between the longitudinal axis of an airplane and the wing chord line
32 ANIT (3) A nautical mile is: (A) 2 times that of a statute mile (B) 1.5 times that of a statute mile(C) 1.25 times that of a statute mile(D) 1.15 times that of a statute mile(E) equal to a statute mile
33 ANIT (4) A navigation light associated with “port” is: (A) white (B) red(C) green(D) yellow(E) none of the above-indicates the direction of the vessel-starboard-special circumstances
34 ANIT (5) A stall is caused by” (A) a hesitation of the aircraft engine (B) the horizontal component of lift(C) the separation of airflow from the wing’s upper surface(D) a change in the coefficient of lift(E) a reduced angle of attack
35 Resources NASA Website NKO Has lots of info, scroll down to “Parts of Plane”NKOSign in to https://wwwa.nko.navy.milClick on ‘Learning’Scroll down and you should see a picture that says ‘Navy Education Resource Center’, clickNow click on ‘Online Books’ or ‘Online Practice Tests’