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Final project presentation Thursday 8 – 10:45 am 16 presentations – 5 minutes each +2 minutes for Q&A PowerPoint –Upload the file before the class Approximately 5-6 slides (a minute per slide) –Problem introduction –Model development - specific problem –Results –Discussion / Summary

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Presenter list (will send you by today) Thursday 9:30 am: …….. …… Thursday 8:00 am: …….. ……

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Lecture Objectives: Finalize discussion about energy modeling – Application –Accuracy –Use in LEED certification process Course summary and Course evaluation

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ES programs (specific) Window / Therm ov/software/NFRC/ NFRCSim Cover- Chptr01.pdf s_directory/software.cfm/ID=362/pagenam e=alpha_list_sub WUFI-ORNL/IBP

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Your models in Excel MATLAB Scilab –http://www.scilab.org/http://www.scilab.org/ Many other Mathematica –http://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/http://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/ Mathcad – Python –http://www.python.org/psf/http://www.python.org/psf/ EES –http://www.fchart.com/ees/http://www.fchart.com/ees/ …….

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How to evaluate the whole building simulation tools Two options: 1)Comparison with the experimental data - monitoring - very expensive - feasible only for smaller buildings 2) Comparison with other energy simulation programs - for the same input data - system of numerical experiments - BESTEST

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Comparison with measured data Cranfield test rooms (from Lomas et al 1994a)

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BESTEST Building Energy Simulation TEST System of tests (~ 40 cases) - Each test emphasizes certain phenomena like external (internal) convection, radiation, ground contact -Simple geometry -Mountain climate COMPARE THE RESULTS

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Example of best test comparison

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Reasons for energy simulations 1) Building design improvement 2) System development 3) Economic benefits (pay back period) 4) Budget planning (fuel consumption)

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1) Energy Modeling for LEED Projects The methodology described in ASHRAE 90.1–2004 (Appendix G), California Title 24–2005, and Oregon Energy Code 2005 involves the generation of two energy models: –one representing a baseline minimum-standard building and the –other representing the proposed building with all its designed energy enhancements. ASHRAE Standard 90.1 “Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings” –posted in the course handouts, also UT library has all ASHRAE and ANSI standards Relevant LEED Documentation –ttp://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=7795ttp://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=7795 –Software List

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DOE reference building that satisfy ASHRAE 90.1 Sixteen climate zones Sixteen building types al_initiative/reference_buildings.htmlhttp://www1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/commerci al_initiative/reference_buildings.html Models already built for use in EnergyPlus

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2) System development THERM: heat thermal bridge analysis Example: facade design tool

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3) Economic benefits Life Cycle Cost Analysis Engineering economics Energy benefits

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Parameters in life cycle cost analysis Beside energy benefits expressed in $, you should consider: First cost Maintenance Operation life Change of the energy cost Interest (inflation) Taxes, Discounts, Rebates, other Government measures

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Example Using eQUEST analyze the benefits (energy saving and pay back period) of installing - low-e double glazed window - economizer in the school building in NYC

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Reasons for energy simulations System development Building design improvement Economic benefits (pay back period) 4) Budget planning (fuel consumption) Least accurate

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Source of inaccuracy when considering final results Assumptions related to the model Lack of precise input data Modeling software (tool) limitations Limitation related to available computational resources Result interpretations

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Building modeling software Very powerful tool Use it wisely! Simulation Software Wrong INWrong OUT but We need sophisticated users more than sophisticated software

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How to get more info about software (any software) Software documentation –http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/energyplus_documentation.cfmhttp://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/energyplus_documentation.cfm –….. Forums –http://lists.onebuilding.org/pipermail/equest-users-onebuilding.org/http://lists.onebuilding.org/pipermail/equest-users-onebuilding.org/ –…. Call developers –works primarily for non-free software

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1. Identify basic building elements which affect building energy consumption and analyze the performance of these elements using energy conservation models. 2. Analyze the physics behind various numerical tools used for solving different heat transfer problems in building elements. 3. Use basic numerical methods for solving systems of linear and nonlinear equations. 4. Conduct building energy analysis using comprehensive computer simulation tools. 5. Evaluate the performance of building envelope and environmental systems considering energy consumption. 6. Perform parametric analysis to evaluate the effects of design choices and operational strategies of building systems on building energy use. 7. Use building simulations in life-cycle cost analyses for selection of energy- efficient building components. Review Course Objectives

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