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Finite Element Specialists and Engineering Consultants Angus Ramsay – Director Edward Maunder - Consultant
Complementary Technology Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Statically Admissible Moment Field Hillerborg - Design Kinematically Admissible Collapse Mechanism Johansen - Assessment Verification – Simulation Governance
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Strength Criterion EFE – How it Works Load Factor Hyperstatic MomentsParticular Moments Variables
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Making the Most of Your Structure
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Flat Slab on Regular Array of Columns
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Irregular Flat Slab on Blade Columns
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved A future EFE plugin could include: Metallic plates, Elastic analysis, Transverse shear force fields, Design optimisation based on design variables as well as statical variables, Shakedown, Limited ductility in RC slabs, Membrane actions and the effects of large deflections. EFE as a Plugin to SLAB Initial EFE plugin to use SLAB’s yield lines to delineate an initial mesh for EFE and we are confident of obtaining very close bounds to the collapse load (1% in 1 Second).
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved The fib Model Code for Concrete Structures 2010 allows the use of the theory of plasticity in design, and this includes the “lower bound (static) theorem” (clause ). However the Code appears to keep very quiet concerning the mechanics of using this theorem! Verification of designs may be assisted by numerical simulations, including the finite element method (clause ). This clause warns that “In the case of the most widely used stiffness method, the shape of the displacement field is assumed and equilibrium is satisfied only in integral sense. The internal stresses are lower, compared with an exact solution. The approximations introduced by the finite element formulation only, can be a significant source of errors in numerical analysis”. NB: in the lower bound plug-in, the finite element method that is used assumes fields of stresses, instead of displacements, which satisfy equilibrium exactly. Hence a source of error found in the conventional finite element method is removed. EFE - Admissible with Design Codes!
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Stress Resultant Trajectories a) Column head (elastic) b) Tapered cantilever (elastic) c) Fox Problem (plastic) Helps to identify load paths and thus where to place reinforcement.
Copyright © Ramsay Maunder Associates Limited (2004 – 2015). All Rights Reserved Thank you for listening! Finite Element Specialists and Engineering Consultants
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