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WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, (JMP) Media Round Table 27-3-12.

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Presentation on theme: "WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, (JMP) Media Round Table 27-3-12."— Presentation transcript:

1 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, (JMP) Media Round Table

2 Why Water, Sanitation, Hygiene? 1.7 million (22% of world total) of the Under-5 children that died in 2010 were Indian Diarrhea in one among the largest killer diseases (13% deaths) Worldwide over 80% of diarrheal deaths are due to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene Global Child Mortality: Estimates of Levels and Causes for (preliminary results)-Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University

3 Responsible for monitoring global progress towards the MDG drinking water and sanitation target; after 2000 it is based exclusively on household survey and census data (2011 Census data came too late for inclusion in the 2012 JMP)

4 MDG 7 Target 7c: Halve, by 2015, the [1990] proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation MDG indicators: Proportion of the population that uses an improved drinking water source (urban and rural)‏ Proportion of the population that uses an improved sanitation facility (urban and rural)‏ MDG target + indicators

5 “Improved” means…. An improved drinking water source is: “a source that by the nature of its construction adequately protects the source from outside contamination in particular with fecal matter” An improved sanitation facility: “ a facility that hygienically separates human waste from human contact”

6 JMP definitions  Piped into dwelling, plot or yard  Public tap/standpipe  Tube well/borehole  Protected dug well  Protected spring  Rainwater collection  Flush/pour flush to:  piped sewer system  septic tank  pit latrine  Ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine  Pit latrine with slab  Composting toilet  Unprotected dug well  Unprotected spring  Cart with small tank/drum  Tanker truck  Surface water (river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal, irrigation canal)‏  Bottled water (unless 2 nd Improved source)  Flush/Pour flush to elsewhere  Pit latrine without slab/open pit  Bucket  Hanging toilet/hanging latrine  Shared and public facilities  No facilities, bush or field UN-IMPROVED IMPROVED Drinking WaterSanitation

7 Drinking Water

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10 India Population (millions) MDG target (85%) has been reached! Water Quality

11 Sanitation

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17 Population (millions) India MDG target (69%) Will not be reached!

18 State progress to meet the Sanitation MDG India will reach MDG at this rate by 2054 only

19 Conclusions Water MDG has been met globally with India contributing the most to this achievement; Water quality issues remain a concern Sanitation is not on target – still 626 million open defecators in India JMP ties in well with the census figures eg open defecation rate of 51% (JMP) and 53% (Census 2011) for total and 67% (JMP) and 69% (Census 2011) for rural India will reach MDG at this rate by 2054 only Need for sustained demand generation for accelerating sanitation UNICEF is working with the Govt on accelerating demand generation through communication strategies, community approaches to sanitation, strengthening supply systems and monitoring of progress

20 Role of the Media Active participation of media to meet the MDG sanitation target 1. Keep the discourse around sanitation and hygiene alive in the policy domain, for critical actions to be taken. 2. Influence the general public especially middle classes to advocate for the importance of improved sanitation. 3. Generate mass awareness on key behaviors and practices which need to be adopted for improved sanitation. 4. Report based on qualitative and quantitative evidence from the field. ( UNICEF happy to support field visits and data analysis)


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