2How do we achieve a successful project and avoid problems? Track data from testing laboratories.Track data about concrete suppliers and use the right supplier for the project.Understand limitations of concrete construction.Provide a forum for the exchange of ideas about current concrete design and construction techniques with the design and construction team.
3Track the data from the testing laboratories When does anyone review the concrete testing results?Only when there is a low break!Testing results can give us warnings long before we have a problem.
4What Can the Results Tell Us? F’c= 8000 psi4750637059805980Set #1Set #2Set #1 has a range of 1620 psi, this indicates that the samples were handled or made poorly.Set #2 has a range of 0 psi, this could also indicate something?Neither is likely to be a problem with the concrete.
5What Can the Results Tell Us? The concrete seems to have a strength problem, but if someone looked at the results early it may have prevented a lot of grief.
6Ready Mix SupplierThe concrete supplier is one of the most important members of our team.He can be the difference between a successful project and seeing the inside of a court room.
7What Can the Results Tell Us? F’c= 4000 psi5430526055105670Set #1Set #2Set #1 and #2 have ranges of 160 to 170 psi, this indicates that the samples were handled and made very well.The deviation between the 2 sets is 245 psi, this indicates the supplier is very consistent. Looking at the data will help you select the right supplier.
8Pre-Concrete Conference, What are the goals we are looking the achieve? Develop a construction process that will result in a product that will meet the quality and expectations of the Owner.Share current, knowledge concerning design, and construction of concrete structures and slabs.Provide a forum for the exchange of ideas about current concrete structure design and construction techniques.Promote attention to detail
9Who should be included? Everybody! Owner Architect Structural Engineer General ContractorConcrete ContractorConcrete ProducerAdmixture SupplierConcrete Pumping ContractorTesting LaboratoryInspection Agency
10Prepare for the Meeting Schedule the meeting in advance of any concrete placement. We try and do it more then 4 weeks before placement.I like to start our conference about 11:00 am, and have lunch delivered about 12:00.
11What should be discussed ? Everything that goes into building the project
12Pre Concrete Conference If we discuss the expectations of the owner, designer, and the contractor we can build great structures
13The Pre-Construction Conference Key to a Successful Project Promote a forum for open discussionKeep an open mindBe prepared to compromise for the good of the projectUnderstand the limitations of the teamPut everything on the tableTraining the people involved in our project to succeed!Issue Minutes
14Slab Flatness and Levelness understand the limitations of concrete construction SpecifiedOverall Value –Ff 50, Fl 35Minimum Local Value –Ff 35 / Fl 25This is not unreasonable for a slab on grade. But the problem is, it’s specified for a structural slab with low head room. This limits the equipment the contractor can use.
15Slab Flatness and Levelness understand the limitations of concrete construction Should Fl be applied to suspended slabs? (slab on deck)NO“the concrete flooring contractor cannot control elevations of steel or precast concrete members upon which concrete slabs are cast.”(ACI 117- R4.4.1)
16Slab Flatness and Levelness understand the limitations of concrete construction Can the owner expect a level slab on deck?Its not likely!The concrete contractor cant control the deflection of the metal deck or the beams that he is placing on.The owner should be made aware of what the end product will look like.
17Site Concrete understand the limitations of concrete construction Sidewalks and RampsReview the elevations and “Maximum 8.3 % slope”“in practice, 8.3 percent is rarely treated as a maximum but is used as the design standard that does not allow for construction tolerances. Therefore, rather than using 8.3 percent for designing curb ramp grade, a grade of 7.1 percent is recommended to allow a construction tolerance.”(Federal Highway Administration)
18Site Concrete Sidewalks and Ramps This will surely end up in a contractor replacing concrete, and an owner asking everyone why he’s replacing his landscaping on opening day!
19Key to a Successful Project Training for success!