2 Layout and DesignHow do I develop appropriate foundation plans with necessary spaces for recreation and utilities?
3 Stairs Utilities Foundation Structural Support Exterior Entrance House with BasementHouse on SlabStairsUtilitiesExterior EntranceWater/DrainageBasement WindowsFinished AreasFoundationStructural SupportDimensioningFrost Line DepthHeight/SlabWater RunsElectrical Runs
4 VocabularyLoad Bearing Structures- Walls and supports that hold up the house- necessary structure.Posts and Beams- A load bearing combination that allows for open areas while supplying supportStructural Calculations- Math used to determine the size of supporting members
6 Planning Your Ranch Home When developing a foundation plan, frost lines for the region you plan to build for must be considered. If the foundation does not extend below the frost line, the structure can move with the freezing and thawing of the ground. The frost line in our region is typically 20-25”. Foundations should extend 3’ below grade to be safe. Soil structure and loads must also be considered when selecting a foundation.
7 Structural Calculations Information on pages in your check sheets.Complete the exercises on pages 46-48
8 Labeling and Dimensioning What is required to build the house?
9 Block Foundation Footer Lines Slab Plumbing Drops Floor Drains Structure:Support:Labeling:Dimensions:Foundation Plan-SlabBlock Foundation Footer Lines Slab Plumbing Drops Floor DrainsLoad Bearing Support Fireplace Foundation Porch FoundationAll Structure- inside/out To Drops Porch Foundations CMU (block sizes)Unexcavated Areas Slab Thickness
10 Vocabulary Group Dimensioning- Stacked dimensions for a wall or side. Design Notes- Notes other than dimensions necessary for construction.Symbols- Drawing representations used on plans for various fixtures, furniture and appliances.