Presentation on theme: "Architectural Drawing Foundation Planning. Layout and Design How do I develop appropriate foundation plans with necessary spaces for recreation and utilities?"— Presentation transcript:
Architectural Drawing Foundation Planning
Layout and Design How do I develop appropriate foundation plans with necessary spaces for recreation and utilities?
Stairs Utilities Exterior Entrance Water/Drainage Basement Windows Finished Areas Height/Slab Water Runs Electrical Runs House with BasementHouse on Slab Foundation Structural Support Dimensioning Frost Line Depth
Vocabulary Load Bearing Structures- Walls and supports that hold up the house- necessary structure. Posts and Beams- A load bearing combination that allows for open areas while supplying support Structural Calculations- Math used to determine the size of supporting members
Planning Your Ranch Home When developing a foundation plan, frost lines for the region you plan to build for must be considered. If the foundation does not extend below the frost line, the structure can move with the freezing and thawing of the ground. The frost line in our region is typically 20-25”. Foundations should extend 3’ below grade to be safe. Soil structure and loads must also be considered when selecting a foundation.
Structural Calculations Information on pages 44-45 in your check sheets. Complete the exercises on pages 46-48
Labeling and Dimensioning What is required to build the house?
Structure:Support: Labeling:Dimensions: Foundation Plan- Slab Block Foundation Footer Lines Slab Plumbing Drops Floor Drains Load Bearing Support Fireplace Foundation Porch Foundation All Structure- inside/out To Drops Porch Foundations CMU (block sizes) Unexcavated Areas Slab Thickness
Vocabulary Group Dimensioning- Stacked dimensions for a wall or side. Design Notes- Notes other than dimensions necessary for construction. Symbols- Drawing representations used on plans for various fixtures, furniture and appliances.