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Passive isolation: Pre-isolation for FF quads A. Gaddi, H. Gerwig, A. Hervé, N. Siegrist, F. Ramos.

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Presentation on theme: "Passive isolation: Pre-isolation for FF quads A. Gaddi, H. Gerwig, A. Hervé, N. Siegrist, F. Ramos."— Presentation transcript:

1 Passive isolation: Pre-isolation for FF quads A. Gaddi, H. Gerwig, A. Hervé, N. Siegrist, F. Ramos

2 Page 2 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Retrospective view. In the first CLIC MDI layout (legacy of ILC MDI), the QD0s were supported by the detector, or by a pillar on the detector moving platform. However it became clear, after the measuring campaign at CMS, that the vibrations generated by the detector itself would make impossible to achieve the stability requirements given for the FF magnets at CLIC. Measurements done at CMS courtesy EN-MME/CERN

3 Page 3 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Scope of work. Try to attenuate, at its source, ground motion vertical excitations, in the range 1 – 20 Hz, to make life easier to the following stabilization systems. Objective. Stabilize FF magnets to better than 1 nm (rms) at 4 Hz, using an integrated approach of three systems, each one with its dynamic range and frequency response:  Passive pre-isolator  Active mechanical stabilization  Beam-based stabilization

4 Page 4 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Stabilization block diagram. from B. Carron X – ground motion K i – isolator transfer function D – external disturbances else than ground-motion W – white noise on beam position  Y – beam position signal

5 Page 5 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Pre-isolator – How does it work ? Low dynamic stiffness (k) mount natural frequency around 1 Hz Acts as a low-pass filter for the ground motion (w) Large mass (m) between 50 and 100 tons Provides the inertia necessary to withstand the external disturbances (F a ), such as air flow, acoustic pressure, etc.) +

6 Page 6 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Where does it fit ? Ideally located at the end of the machine tunnel, just in front of the detector, on both sides. drawing by N. Siegrist

7 Page 7 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads How can it be realized ? QF1 QD0 Mass Elastic support Walk- on-floor QD0 support tube conceptual design

8 Page 8 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads More in details : QD0SD0MULTQF1SF1 Pre-isolator slab Accelerator tunnel Detector side

9 Page 9 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads FE Model Layout. Things missing in the model: Pre-alignment mechanics Final doublet’s geometries (using, for now, 3-D point masses with estimated inertias) Final doublet’s supporting structures (girders, etc.) Pre-isolator’s supports (using, for now, 1-D springs with appropriate stiffness) LumicalBeamcalQD0SD0MULT QF1SF1

10 Page 10 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Response to excitation in the vertical direction. 6 1 Hz 51.2 Hz Good performance above the first resonance peak

11 Page 11 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Response to excitation in the horizontal directions. 7 There is a good decoupling between horizontal & vertical directions

12 Page 12 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Random vibration response. 11 Vertical ground motion at CMS.

13 Page 13 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Random vibration response. 12 Vertical ground motion at CMS. 4 Hz 2.2 nm 0.1 nm Reduction in r.m.s. displacements by a factor 20 above 4 Hz

14 Page 14 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Tilting modeVertical mode Horizontal mode

15 Page 15 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Experimental set-up – Why ? How will it react to different noise sources, else than micro-seism ? Is the system’s performance amplitude dependent ? What about energy loss mechanisms (friction...) ? What performance can we expect ? We have built a prototype to try to answer to these questions. Although rather different from the reference design, it will serve to validate the idea of having a low-frequency mechanical filter in front of the FF stabilization chain. The idea is promising, but...

16 Page 16 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Experimental set-up – How ? The prototype needs to be: Simple to design/build/assemble Easy to “debug” & tune Cheap Frictionless pivotal joints Proposal: 40 ton mass supported by 4 structural beams acting as flexural springs

17 Page 17 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Photo of the prototype.

18 Page 18 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Experimental set-up – Expected performance Performance in ideal conditions (ground motion only). TransmissibilityDisplacement P.S.D Hz CMS Integrated R.M.S. Displacement 2.2nm at CMS floor 0.15 nm at Pre-isolator 15x plots by F. Ramos

19 Page 19 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Example of pre-isolator application in industry. Vibration isolation system at the Centre for Metrology and Accreditation – Helsinki, Finland 4 independent seismic masses (3x70 ton + 1x140 ton) 0.8 Hz pneumatic vibration isolators (“air springs”)

20 Page 20 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Future plans. A passive low-frequency pre-isolator has been proposed as a support for the FF magnets. It can be integrated at the interface between the machine tunnel and the detector cavern. This pre-isolator will constitute the first “layer” of the stabilization chain. This concept has already been used in other industrial and research facilities. Experimental tests will be performed to understand how the system behaves in “real life” conditions (no simulation can accurately take into account all these effects). A simple and relatively inexpensive experimental set-up has been conceived and built. Measurements are under way. Further studies are necessary to integrate the pre-isolator with the civil- engineering and the other MDI systems (pre-alignement, FF magnets, forward detector region, beam-pipe, etc…)

21 Page 21 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Back-up slides.

22 Page 22 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Further considerations. Supporting the FF quads (and in particular QD0) from the tunnel sets some parameters that seem to be difficult to be met with a conventional design of the tunnel-experiment cavern interface, specially for what concerns the civil engineering. What counts to maximize machine luminosity is the relative alignment of the two QD0s, rather than their absolute position. We shall profit of the relatively short distance between QD0s, to try to mechanically link them through a rigid structure that bridges the gap between the two tunnel ends. This would also increase the coherence of low frequency seismic waves across the UX cavern.

23 Page 23 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Coherence of seismic vibration important for QD0 relative displacement. Relative (nm) 3m4m5m7m509m10mAbs (nm) ATF212.3 (/10)15.6 (/8.2)24.6 (/5.2)34.7 (/3.7)42.0 (/3.1)37.0 (/3.5)128.4 LHC1.0 (/12.5)1.3 (/9.6)1.8 (/6.9)2.6 (/4.8)2.8 (/4.5)3.1 (/4.0)12.5 LAPP0.4 (/7.5)=========0.7 (/4.3)1.0 (/3.0) 0.9 (/3.3)3 Integrated RMS (nm) of relative and absolute motion above 1Hz with a rigid fixation. B.Bolzon, march 2009 Measurements have been planned at CMS site, where a 2.25m thick reinforced concret slab, long several tens of meters, and supported by pillars with foundations into the rock, would be the design reference. We aim to understand if a similar design, in the CLIC experiment cavern, would be beneficial for the FF stabilization at low frequency.

24 Page 24 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Conceptual design: the Quads’ bridge. The design has evolved from a first sketch, aiming to provide the same foundations for the couple of FFQ, to a more complex design that includes a low-frequency vertical pre-isolator. Main linac Pre-alignment & stabilization FFQ stabilization & alignment Quads-bridge Tunnel floor

25 Page 25 IWLC, October 2010, A. Gaddi, Physics Dept. CERN Passive isolation: Pre-isolator for FF quads Conceptual design: the Quads’ bridge + the pre-isolator. Main linac Pre-alignment & stabilization FFQ stabilization FFQ pre-isolation & alignment Quads-bridge Tunnel floor The main linac elements are aligned and stabilized on their girders. The FF quads are mounted inside a supporting tube, the stabilization is located inside the support tube. The FF quads pre-alignment is done by positioning the support tube, via the low frequency pre-isolator. The FF bridge has the function of extending the tunnel concrete slab from one side to the other of the experimental cavern.


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