2 OBJECTIVESTo construct a relief tile using basic slab construction, score & slip and applique techniques.To relate relief sculpture methods to the elements and principles of design on a tile.To tell a story or set a mood using the element of space.To understand how relief sculptures have been used in history and as an art form.To define the ceramic terms; Relief, Bas-relief and Applique.
3 Some sculptures are meant to be viewed from all sides or “in the round”. They are “fully three-dimensional”.
4 The “viewpoint” for some sculptures are even underneath!
5 RELIEF SCLULPTURE is “frontal” - meant to be viewed from one side only (the front) - even though details and sculpting are quite three-dimensional.
6 ReliefThe term relief comes from the Latin verb relevo, which means to raise.To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane.Bas-ReliefFrench word meaning low-relief.Technique where less than 50% of the depth of the piece is shown and there may be undercut areas.
7 AppliqueInvolves adding low relief clay forms to slip and scored, leather-hard surfaces for embellishment.Decorative technique that involves the addition of molded clay to vessel surface.
25 CRITERIA Clay body – either red or grey Size – minimum 7”x7”x1/2” wet Include foreground, middle ground and backgroundHave large, medium and small shapesShapes overlapAreas that are built up (Bas-Relief) using appliqueObjects can extend off the edgeFinish Techniques – Underglazes & GlazesCraftsmanship
28 When to add or subtract clay? When clay is leather-hard it is best to add (applique) or subtract clay.Make sure to score and slip all applique.Use loop tools to subtract areas of clay.Use the proper sized tool for the task. i.e. larger tools will take away larger areas of clay away faster, etc.