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Ethics & Moral Values By Dr T.H.Chowdary Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies Chairman: Pragna Bharati (intellect India ) Former: Chairman.

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Presentation on theme: "Ethics & Moral Values By Dr T.H.Chowdary Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies Chairman: Pragna Bharati (intellect India ) Former: Chairman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethics & Moral Values By Dr T.H.Chowdary Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies Chairman: Pragna Bharati (intellect India ) Former: Chairman & Managing Director Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited & Information Technology Advisor, Government of Andhra Pradesh T: +91(40) 6667-1191(O) 2784-3121® F: +91 (40) 6667-1111 Talk @ ISB : Hyderabad, 17 June 2010

2 Satiated but not satisfied Na Vittena tarpaneeyoh manushyah (Man is not satisfied by wealth) - Kathopanishad “Man does not live by bread alone” -Mathew IV: 2:4, The Bible We have people satiated but not satisfied with all their wealth, comfort, luxury, prosperity, affluence an d opulence. Where is the life we having lost in living Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge Where is the knowledge we have lost in information The cycles of heaven in twenty centuries Bring us further from God and nearer to the dust – TS Eliot What is the reason? – Deficiency of ethics, morality, spirituality, humanism 2S445_June 2010

3 Ethics & Morality EthicsMorality Principles Morals Beliefs Moral Principles Moral Values Code of Conduct Ethics Moral Principles Goodness, Decency, Probity Honesty Uprightness 3S445_June 2010

4 Humans are Social Beings Part of family*, community*, society*, nation*, humanity* Communicative, interactive, interdependent yet freedom- loving. No man is an island… The severest punishment: Solitary confinement These * can exist and prosper in peace and harmony only if Individuals have self=restraint and Society nurtures imposes norms of conduct and punishes the deviants Ethics & Morality govern individuals- Self –Regulation Law & Order: External Regulation of Human Conduct 4S445_June 2010

5 Loka Sangraha – Preserving the Social (cosmic)Order Why don’t people steal, lie, molest…? – Not because of law and punishment – But because of ethics & morality Rita and Satya Harischandra; King Bali The Rishi in Penance – the hunter-king-the fleeing antelope Krishna’s conduct in the Kurukshetra War Kurukshetra Battle - slaughter Hiroshima Nagasaki atom-bombed 5S445_June 2010

6 Divine Command or Self-culture The Ten CommandmentsThe Bharatiya Culture 1. Do not have any other gods before me.Om Sahanaavavatu, sahanu bhunaktu Sahaveeryam Karavaavahaih Tejasvinaavadheetamastu Maa Vidvishaavahaih, Om! Shantih, shantih, shantih 2. You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Yo yo yam yam tanum bhaktah sraddhayaa architumichati; tasya, tasyaachalaam taameva vidathamyatam 3. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me Parasparam bhaavayantah sreya paramavaapsyatha 6S445_June 2010

7 Divine Command or Self-culture contd… The Ten CommandmentsThe Bharatiya Culture 4. You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name Taih dattan apradaayetayah bhukti stena eva sah 5. Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. Dharmaa viruddho bhuteshu kaamo-asmi… 6. You shall not murder.Aatmaupanyena sarvatra samam pasyati Samo-ahm sarva, bhuteshu, mame dveshyo-asti, na priyah S445_June 20107

8 Divine Command or Self-culture contd… The Ten CommandmentsThe Bharatiya Culture 7. You shall not commit adultery 8. You shall not steal. 9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor S445_June 20108

9 CULTURE Is the sum total of one’s being towards himself; family; society and God To know something of everything and everything of something Is obedience to unenforceable laws A gentleman/lady is one who never inflict pain upon others We must so live as to “add to the sum total of happiness” in the society/world S445_June 20109

10 10 Cultured Conduct Modesty, Vinaya Greeting, Poorvaabhashi. [Sumathi….] Not done in public [sneezing, yawning, spitting, blowing, guffawing …. Queuing Not speaking on Cell-phone in lifts, waiting rooms, public places. (Smoking is injurious to public health; even passive smoking so is cell-phone talk in lifts, auditoria, Qs……)

11 Endeavour and Unattachement Uddhareth aatmanaa, naatmanamava sadayet! (one should uplift oneself up; not degenerte/ degrade oneself) Yallabhase vittam tena vinodaya chittam (Entitlement, employment, entrepreneurship) Competitive politics destroying values of work, thrift, sharing, caring and wealth creation - various “welfare” schemes 11S445_June 2010

12 Robinhood Socialism “You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift. You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong. You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich. You cannot establish sound security on borrowed money. You cannot keep out trouble by spending more than you earn. You cannot build character and courage by taking away man’s initiative and independence. You cannot help men permanently by doing for them What they could do for themselves.” - Abraham Lincoln (Source: Freedom First, May 1989) 12S445_June 2010

13 Unprincipled Politics w/o Principles Politics without principles Wealth without work Commerce without morality Knowledge without character Pleasure without conscience Science without humanity religion without sacrifice are sins verily - Mahatma Gandhi 13S445_June 2010

14 Qualities that UpliftDegrade Abhaya, Jnaana, Daana, Damah, Daya, Swaadhyaayah, Aarjavam, Ahimsa, Satya, Akrodha, Tyaga, Saanti, Samathva, Apaisunan, Hree ( modestry), Kshama Raaga, Asooya, Dwesha, Kaama, gambling, (yudhisthira), Hunting, drinking, Dambha, Darpa, covetousness, greed, accumulation, Indulgence (sex, attachment)…. 14S445_June 2010

15 Sins & Virtues Who determines what Time, place &context Bhisma in Santiparva The King, Ruler, leaders, the dominant minority of intellectuals… Eg: Adultery: stoning to death –Jesus Paschattapa: Reparations: Germany of France, USSR, Israel (Dalits, Muslims) In Gratitude- Macaulay & Indian Penal Code Inequality& Excellence – can they co-exist Competition and Equality - can they co-exist 15S445_June 2010

16 Sins & Virtues contd.. Is Ahimsa always a virtue? What happens to Dharma, Loka Samgraha, collateral damage ( terrorism, aggression) Hiroshima/Nagasaki ; * Iran/Iraq Vs Israel Soft speech – non-hurting – Japanese never say “no” – Chinese- keep face – Arab – (especially the desert Arab) Partakes Contrast: Duryodhana, Karna, Palestinian Hamas, Hizbullah, Iran’s Ahmedenejadi (denies holocaust) Modesty: Immodesty – Kasturbhai Lalbhai – Duryodhana’s Schoba yatra 16S445_June 2010

17 Sins & Virtues contd.. Power & Arrogance & Covetousness – Power & Morality-Pitirim Sorokin – Parricide, fratricide (Medieval Muslim rule in India) – Imperial fascist “democrats” – Stalin, Mao, Gandhiji, Hitler, Saddam Hussain; – The “secular” “social Justice” “inclusive growth” –wallahs – Power Corrupts – Absolute Power Corrupts – Absolutely 17S445_June 2010

18 Ethics & Morality in Public Life Corporate Businesses Can gentlemen be in politics? What do “socialism”, ‘secularism”, “democracy, manifesto, welfare, “minority”, “social justice”, backwardness”, “service to poor” Human rights ( to terrorists, zihadis, rapists; “transparency” “empowerment (before enlightenment) A “poor” servant of the poor increasing wealth by Rs. 550 mln in one year Another pretender to father’s eminence and service to the poor having a 20 times increase in income (declared) 18S445_June 2010

19 Values in Corporate Governance OYT deposits for Telephone Tatkal passports & rail reservations Building & Layout Regularization Schemes Triple entry book-keeping Enron, Satyam.. How about Booking deposits for some cars? 19S445_June 2010

20 Finally Ethics & morality to be cultivated, ingrained from childhood Exemplified by parent’s conduct Learnt from the great literatures of the world – in India – The Upandishads, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavatha, Bhatrihari; Katha Saritsagara, Neeti Satakas Criticism/ self criticism – introspection Cultivation of : Asteya, Aparigraha, Indriya Nigraha, work as a fulfillment of one-self; samatva (equanimity) Remembering: Isaavaasyamidam Sarvam yatkincha jagatyam jagat Tena tyakena bhujithaah Maa gridhah kasysuwiddhanam 20S445_June 2010

21 Quotable Quotes 21S445_June 2010

22 22 He that is first... “ In every field of human endeavour, he that is first must perpetually live in the white light of publicity. Whether the leadership be vested in a man or manufactured product, emulation or envy are ever at work. In art, in literature, in music, in industry, the reward and punishment are always the same. The reward is widespread recognition; the punishment, fierce denial and destruction. If the leader truly leads, he remains-the leader…That which is good or great makes itself known, no matter how loud the calmour or denial. That which deserves to live, lives.” (from an advertisement of Cadillac motor car company on January 2nd, 1915)

23 S445_June 201023 Vision One man with conviction is the majority Life’s battles are often won not by those who are strong but by those who think they can. – Hannibal [30,000 against 150,000] – Churchill’s Battle of Britain

24 S445_June 201024 Ill fares the land to hastening ills a prey, Where wealth accumulates and men decay, Prices and lords may flourish or fade, A breath can make them as a breath has made, But a bold peasantry, their country’s pride When once destroyed can never be supplied - Goldsmith in Deserted village. ‘I want an India where the peasants are not beguiled or intimidated into giving up their lands for Mr. Nehru to build castles in thin air through co-operative farming…” --Rajaji Wealth accumulates ….Men decay….

25 Bhagawadgita defines the good and moral on the one hand and the evil and immoral on the other hand ( 16 th chapter) Abhayam satva samshuddhir Jnana yoga vyavasthitih Danam damascha yegnachya Swadhyaayastapa arjavam (fearlessness, purity of mind, wise apportionment of knowledge and concentration, charity, self-control and sacrifice, study of the scriptures, austerity and uprightness) S445_June 201025

26 Ahimsa satyam akrodhas Tyagah, santir apaisunam Daya bhuteshu aloluptam mardavam hrir achapalam [non –violence, truth, freedom from anger, renunciation, tranquility, aversion to fault finding, compassion to living beings, freedom from covetousness, genteelness, modesty and steadiness (absence of fickleness)] S445_June 201026

27 Tejah kshama dhrithi saucham Adroho naatimaanita Bhavanti sampadam daiveem Abhijatasya Bharatha (vigour, forgiveness, fortitude, purity, freedom from malice and excessive pride - these are the endowments of him who is born with the divine nature) S445_June 201027

28 Chintaam aparimeyamcha Pralayanthaam upasrithah Kamopabhoga paramaa Yetavat ithi nischitah ( obsessed with innumerable cares which would end only with death, looking upon the gratification of desire as their highest aim, assured that this is all) S445_June 201028

29 Aasaapaasa sathairbadthah Kama krodha parayanaah eehante kamobhogardham Anyayena ardha sanchayan ( bound by hundreds of ties of desire, given over to lust and anger, they strive to amass hoards of wealth by unjust means for the gratification of their desires) S445_June 201029

30 Idamadya mayalabdham Imam prapsye manoradham Idam asthi adamapime Bhavishyathi punardhanam [ this today had been gained by me, this desire I shall attain, this is mine and this wealth also shall be mine (in future)] S445_June 201030

31 Asau maya hatah satrur Hanishyecha aparan api Eeswaro aham aham, bhogi Siddho aham balavan sukhi ( this foes is slain by me and others also I shall slay. I am the lord, I am the enjoyer, I am successful mighty and happy) S445_June 201031

32 Aadhyo abhijanavan asmi Ko anyo asti sadruso maya Yekshye, dasyami, modishya Ithi agnana vimohitaah (I am rich and well born. Who is there like unto me ? I shall sacrifice, I shall give, I shall rejoice. Thus they are deluded by ignorance) S445_June 201032

33 S445_June 201033 DHANYAWAD THANK YOU

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