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Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 9: Hebrew Pronominal Suffixes.

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Presentation on theme: "Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 9: Hebrew Pronominal Suffixes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 9: Hebrew Pronominal Suffixes

2 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes A difficult lesson!! Lots of stuff to memorize Section 9.1 – Introduction But, important since pronominal suffixes are common Chapter 10: Construct (not too difficult) Chapter 11: Numbers (not too difficult) Don’t give up here!!! Chapter 12-35: Verbs o One chart with 42 elements o One chart with 7 elements o One process with 6 steps

3 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9.1 – Introduction (continued)

4 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Some terminology and abbreviations Pronominal – Relating to a pronoun Section 9.1 – Introduction (continued) Suffix – A form that is attached to the end of a word So, in non-technical jargon, a pronominal suffix is just a pronoun attached to the end of a word Chapter 8: Subjective pronouns (pronouns used as subjects) – He, she, it, they, we Chapter 9: Objective pronouns (pronouns used as objects) – him, her, it, them, us and possessive pronouns – his, her, its, their, our 3fsx = third (3) feminine (f) singular (s) suffix (x). Likewise, 1csx = first (1) common (c) singlur (s) suffix (x)

5 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Usage of pronouns Subjective – Independent (cf. ch. 8) Section 9.1 – Introduction (continued) Objective – Attached to prepositions or the DDOM ~yxiÞa; Wnx.n: ±a] – We are brothers yTiÞai ~t,îab' W – and come with me At=ao ar"äB' ~yhiÞl{a/ – God created him With Object Possessive – Attached to nouns AnðB. ~veÞK. – like [the] name [of] his son

6 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9.2 – The Pronominal Suffixes Important to learn charts on pages 81 & 82 First, learn type 1 endings as yod, kaph, kaph, vav, he (key consonants) then nu, kem, ken, hem, hen (sounds) Second, note type 2 = type 1 + yod with vowel Third, learn alternate type 3 endings as ni, hu, ha, ahm, ahn (sounds) Fourth, recognize the interplay of study and experience here.

7 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9.3 – Notes on the Pronominal Suffixes Type 1 suffixes are used with singular nouns, and type 2 suffixes are used with plural nouns. ytir"At Wsåm.x' h'yn<÷h]Ko Her priests Note the type 2 suffix h'y <ñ on the plural noun ~ynIh]Ko. We’ll learn shortly that the ~y I ending on masculine plural nouns is dropped when the suffix is added. (Actually, we’ll learn next chapter a better way to understand this). do violence to (hamas) my law Note the type 1 suffix y i on the singular noun hr'wOt. We’ll learn shortly that the h ending on feminine singular nouns is replaced with t when the suffix is added. (Actually, we’ll learn next chapter a better way to understand this).

8 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9.3 – Notes (continued) Type 1 suffixes are used with singular nouns, and type 2 suffixes are used with plural nouns. ^d And he gave Note the type 2 suffix ~h,y e on the plural noun ~ykil'm.. We’ll learn shortly that the ~y I ending on masculine plural nouns is dropped when the suffix is added. (Actually, we’ll learn next chapter a better way to understand this). their kingsinto your hand Note the type 1 suffix ^ on the singular noun dy".

9 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Note how each of the suffixes attach to the singular and plural forms of sWs. Section 9.4-9.5 – Masculine Nouns Don’t be confused: Singular nouns can take plural suffixes and plural nouns can take singular suffixes! When adding suffix to plural masculine nouns, drop the ~y i ending first (cf. construct state) SingularPlural SingularMy bookOur book PluralMy booksOur books -------- Pronoun -------- Noun

10 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Note how each of the suffixes attach to the singular and plural forms of hr'wOt. Section 9.6-9.7 – Feminine Nouns When adding suffix to singular feminine nouns, the h at the end is replaced by a t (cf. construct state) When adding suffix to plural feminine nouns, the twO ending is NOT dropped (cf. construct state) Before you give up, don’t forget the interplay between study and experience!

11 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Many nouns will undergo vowel changes when pronominal suffixes are added Section 9.8 – Vowel Changes

12 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9.9 – Monosyllabic Nouns Usually, yod then suffix indicates plural noun ^yx,Þa;w> ^ybiîa' Notice the singular always has hireq yod Some common one-syllable words use yod with singular nouns as well  “Your father and your brothers” (Gen 47:5)

13 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Remember, noun + pronominal suffix was possessive. Preposition + pronominal suffix will be objective. Section 9.10-9.11 – Prepositions Some prepositions take type 1 suffixes, others take type 2. This has nothing to do with whether the preposition is “singular” or “plural.” Prepositions have no number associated with them (of course, the object can be singular or plural).

14 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes From 2mp and down these prepositions present no problems. Section 9.12-9.13 – K. and !mi From 1cp and up, you’ll need to remember the forms wOmñK' and M,ñmi, along with your type 1 alternate endings. The 3ms form of !mi is unique and not as expected, but note that it occurs approximately 150 times.

15 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Remember the trick: Section 9.14 – tae and the DDOM But, note the seghol in the second person plural instances of the DDOM. With Object “With” always has a hireq, and this is also helpful for remembering “with” ( ~[i, §9.15), for it also always has a hireq.

16 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Know when a personal pronoun is functioning subjective, objectively, or possessively. Section 9.16 – Summary Know all type 1, type 2, and alternate type 1 pronominal suffixes (see page 93).

17 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes @a; – Laugh so hard milk comes out your nose Section 9.17- Vocabulary rq,Boñ – bwOj rq,Boñ “Good morning” hk'r'B. – Berachah Bible Church! vyE – Yesh, there is dwObK' – Ichabod = “Where is the glory” yliK. – Clean the utensils ~x,l,ñ – Bethlehem = “house of bread”

18 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Reminder Vocabulary and Grammar Quiz this week. Don’t forget to be doing journal (turn in @ end) After chapter 8, you know 58% of all OT words After chapter 9, you will know 61% of all OT words Don’t give up!

19 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Wnyteêboa]-~[i ‘tr:K' rv tyrIåB. ~yIr")c.mi #r { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3543424/slides/slide_19.jpg", "name": "BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Wnyteêboa]-~[i ‘tr:K rv tyrIåB.", "description": "~yIr )c.mi #r

20 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes hL,ae_h' ~yrIßb'D>h;- lK' taeî ~h,(yTex.T; rv<ïa] hm'Þd"a]h' [q:ïB'Tiw: Numbers 16:31 allthe words Split (Beka valley) The groundwhichunder them Example #2 the these And when he had finished speaking… [DDOM]

21 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes AB=li-lK'-ta, yliÞ dyGIïhi Judges 16:18 He toldto me[DDOM]all Example #3 his heart

22 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes h'yh,_l{a/-la,w> HM'Þ[;-la, Judges 16:18 to her peopleand to Example #4 her gods Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back…

23 BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes ‘^W>ci rv<Üa] hr"ªATh;-lk'K. rWsïT'-la; yDIêb.[; hv,ämo Joshua 1:7 according to all the law Mosesmy servantnot turn aside Example #5 which Be careful to do… lwamo+f.W !ymiäy" WNM,Þmi from it[to the] rightor (lit., and) [to the] left commanded you


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