Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Brian Gracely Technical Marketing Engineer

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Brian Gracely Technical Marketing Engineer"— Presentation transcript:

1 Brian Gracely Technical Marketing Engineer
Voice over IP (VoIP) Brian Gracely Technical Marketing Engineer

2 Agenda Why VoIP? Comparing & Understanding the VoIP Protocols - H Skinny MGCP SIP SIP Tutorial Sample VoIP Applications Cisco VoIP products

3 Why VoIP? The Interesting Stuff
Telecommunications Act of Deregulation of the Bell networks - Open the competitive markets for Service Providers Converged Networks Voice, Video & Data over an IP network - Reduced the costs of managing parallel networks - Allows voice to be an IP “application” Centralized or distributed architectures - Add features where they are needed

4 Why VoIP? The Challenging Stuff
Do we need to replicate all the existing PSTN / PBX features? What’s the right architecture? Centralized Distributed Mix of both How do we? Provide better than PSTN QoS - Provide Admission Control - Secure the signaling & media - Meet all the regulatory requirements

5 Open Packet Telephony Open Service Application Layer
(JAIN, AIN, TAPI, JTAPI, XML etc.) TDM/ Circuit Switch Open/Standard Interface Switching Network Line Concentration Call Control Connection Control Features Open Call Control Layer (SIP, H.323, MGCP, etc.) Digital Trunk Subsystem Common Channel Signaling Complex Administration Maintenance Billing Open/Standard Interface Standards-Based Packet Infrastructure Layer (IP, ATM)

6 AVVID Architecture - Open Packet Telephony
Collaboration IP IVR, IP AA Apps Engine Intelligent Contact Manager ICM Applications Cisco Unity Voice Mail, UMS Video Voice Portal Call Processing Call Processing GK Directory PSTN PSTN gateways Analog phone support DSP farms IP Network Infrastructure Clients IP SoftPhone The World Is Now Global— All Apps Must Travel Time and Distance

7 Agenda Why VoIP? Comparing & Understanding the VoIP Protocols - H Skinny MGCP SIP SIP Tutorial Sample VoIP Applications Cisco VoIP products

8 VoIP Signaling Protocols
H ITU standard, ISDN-based, distributed topology %+ of all Service Provider VoIP networks - The current interconnect for CallManager to Service Providers - Useful for video applications Skinny Centralized Call-Control architecture CallManager controls all features over 700,000 IP Phones deployed MGCP IETF RFC Centralized Call-Control Architecture - Call-Agents (MGC) & Gateways (MG) SIP IETF RFC Distributed Call-Control Used for more than VoIP…SIMPLE: Instant Messaging / Presence

9 Basic H.323 Call IP Network Gatekeeper A Gatekeeper B LRQ LCF ACF ACF
RRQ/RCF RRQ/RCF ARQ H.225 (Q.931) Setup ARQ V V H.225 (Q.931) Alert and Connect H.245 RTP Gateway A Gateway B Phone A Phone B

10 Basic Skinny Call IP WAN PSTN Cisco CallManager H.323/MGCP Gateway
Voice Mail Server Call Setup Cisco CallManager IP WAN E.164 Lookup Ring Back Ring RTP Stream Off Hook H.323/MGCP Gateway PSTN

11 MGCP Architectures & Mixed Protocols
SCP PSTN Gateway SIP or H.323 Network BTS / VSC SS7 SIP H.323 P S T N IMT V GK PSTN PRI V V Access Gateway MGCP RTP SIP / H.323

12 Agenda Why VoIP? How does it work & why is it interesting?
Comparing & Understanding the VoIP Protocols - H Skinny MGCP SIP SIP Tutorial Sample VoIP Applications Cisco VoIP products

13 Why are we talking about SIP?
Cisco has never met a protocol it didn’t like…. - Customers haven’t chosen 1 protocol to define VoIP SIP is a very Internet friendly protocol, and Cisco likes Internet friendly stuff… SIP reuses a lot of Internet protocols & formatting Customers still weary about proprietary protocols…. - Skinny works well, but it is proprietary It’s about the Applications!! The next “Killer App” is the integration of voice, data, video, IM & Presence… SIP can do this. Microsoft!! 250 millions desktops might speak SIP soon…. - SIP client will be added to WindowsXP in October

14 The history of SIP Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is defined via RFC2543 on March 17, 1999. Additional “feature” drafts have been written to address issues which concern SS7/ISUP handling, QoS, Alerting, DHCP, 3PCC, Firewalls & NAT, etc… IETF SIP-WG created in September, 1999 RFC2543bis (additions) created in April 2000. Vendor interoperability testing done at the semi-annual SIP Bakeoff (8th in August in UK)

15 The various flavors of SIP
RFC “vanilla” SIP the most commonly deployed & developed by commercial vendors SIP-T inter Call Agent (MGC) protocol for carrying SS7 / ISUP messaging basically maps ISUP messaging to a MIME attachment SIP extension from PacketCable additions to Security, QoS & Privacy areas

16 SIP Basics - Architecture
NTELL GENT SERV CES Application Services 3pcc CPL LDAP CPL Oracle XML SIP Proxy, Registrar & Redirect Servers SIP SIP SIP PSTN SIP User Agents (UA) CAS or PRI RTP (Media) Legacy PBX

17 SIP Basics - Architectural Elements
Clients: SIP Phones, Softphones, Gateways, Media Gateway Controllers, PDAs, Robots User Agent Client (UAC) / User Agent Server (UAS) Originate & Terminate SIP requests Typically an endpoint will have both UAC & UAS, UAC for originating requests, and UAS for terminating requests Servers: Proxy Server Redirect Server Registrar Server

18 SIP Servers/Services (cont)
LocationDatabase Registrar Redirect “Where is this name/phone#?” 3xx Redirection “They moved, try this address” REGISTER “Here I am” SIP Proxy Proxied INVITE “I’ll handle it for you” INVITE “I want to talk to another UA SIP User Agents SIP User Agents SIP-GW

19 SIP Methods Consists of Requests and Responses
Requests (unless mentioned, each has a response) • REGISTER: UA registers with Registrar Server • INVITE: request from a UAC to initiate a session • ACK: confirms receipt of a final response to INVITE • BYE: sent by either side to end a call • CANCEL: sent to end a call not yet connected • OPTIONS: sent to query capabilities outside of SDP Newly Adopted Methods: • SUBSCRIBE & NOTIFY: used to identify device status / presence. The foundation of SIP IM / Presence (IMPP). • INFO: a means of carrying “data” in a message body • REFER: the mechanism to initiate a Transfer • MESSAGE: the means of carrying “data” for SIP IMPP Messages contain SIP Headers and Body. Body might be SDP or an attachment or some other application

20 SIP Addressing Modeled after mailto URLs. May be a combination of FQDNs or E.164 numbers or both. Support for Fully-Qualified Domain Names (FQDNs) using sip: URLs - sip: “John Doe” Support for E.164 addresses - user=phone Support for mixed addresses - user=phone Support for E.164 addresses using tel: URLs - tel:

21 Basic SIP Call-Flow SIP UA1 SIP UA2
INVITE w/ SDP for Media Negotiation 100 Trying 180/183 Ringing w/ SDP for Media Negotiation MEDIA 200 OK ACK MEDIA BYE 200 OK

22 Basic SIP Functionality - Call Forking
“Contact and Location Database INVITE “Where is INVITE Proxy / Redirect Server INVITE INVITE Forked Calls can be in parallel or sequential. The first phone to answer will get the call, the others will get a CANCEL from the Proxy Server. LOCAL PSTN

23 Basic SIP Functionality - Call Redirection
Location Database “Where is “You need to contact ” Proxy / Redirect Server INVITE 3xx Moved Contact: INVITE LOCAL PSTN The user at informed the network that he could be reached on his cell-phone at National PSTN

24 3rd-Party Call-Control (3pcc) & Back-to-Back UserAgent (B2BUA)
A user could manage their communications via a webpage. The webpage would invoke the SIP 3PCC application to create SIP sessions to all parties involved. HTTP post SIP Controller - 3pcc Application INVITE sip:1234 w/o SDP INVITE sip: w/ SDP of SIP Phone 18x / 200 OK w/ SDP 18x / 200 OK w/ SDP ACK w/ SDP of SIP Gateway x1234 LOCAL PSTN

25 Agenda Why VoIP? How does it work & why is it interesting?
Comparing & Understanding the VoIP Protocols - H Skinny MGCP SIP SIP Tutorial Sample VoIP Applications Cisco VoIP products

26 Application Engine Architecture
External Services Packaged Solutions Application Toolkit IP IVR Voice Portal Auto Attendant VXML services Unity Telephony Queuing ICM Directory Access DB Access Notification Services Queuing (ACD) Personalized Apps Customer Apps LDAP Notification Server Web Access Paging Enterprise Database Web Pages

27 IP Phone Display Applications
IP Telephony Appliance - Corporate directory integration via LDAP - Web site integration via XML - Personalized menu’s via softkeys Extensible interface with IP services offers clear differentiation to PBX connected devices *

28 Convergence:Presence Services
Managing your communications through web browsers, Instant Messaging and mobile devices

29 Informal Agent Queuing (IAQ)
Central Site Distribution Groups with Queuing for Resources 2 Types of Queues Requestor Servicer IAQ Server IP SoftPhone PSTN Branch Agents IP Phones Remote Agents

30 Web Attendant Ubiquitous access via a browser
Extension look-up via LDAP Easy of use with drag and drop interface Benefits: Eliminates specialized receptionist phones Access via URL Included with Call Manager 3.0(tbd)

31 Press #1 to Hear Stock Quote
Voice Portal Solution IP IVR Stock Quote IP Intranet Extracts XML information from web page into IP IVR Benefit Only one place to configure and maintain data Consistency Lower admin costs Press #1 to Hear Stock Quote *

32 VXML Interpreter Context Implementation Platform
VoiceXML Architectural Model: VXML Interpreter Context Document Server VXML Interpreter Implementation Platform VoiceXML in IOS: HTTP Server PSTN RTSP Server Cisco Voice Gateway

33 Agenda Why VoIP? How does it work & why is it interesting?
Comparing & Understanding the VoIP Protocols - H Skinny MGCP SIP SIP Tutorial VoIP Applications Cisco VoIP products

34 Cisco VoIP Products Call-Processing Cisco CallManager Multimedia Conference Mgr - H.323 Gatekeeper / Proxy - Cisco SIP Proxy Server (CSPS) BTS10200 Softswitch VSC3000 Softswitch VoIP Gateways Low End: ATA 186, 827v4, CVA122, uBR924, 1750, VG Mid Range: 3810, 2421, 2600, 3600, Cat4000, AS5300, 7200, High End: AS5350, AS5400, Cat6000, AS5850, MGX8850 IP Phones , 7940, 7960, 7935, Softphone Applications Unity UM, Personal Assistant, Conference Connection, IP IVR, IP Contact Center, Web Attendant, XML / BTXML on IP Phones EcoSystem partners Cisco Infrastructure IOS QoS features, Line-Powered Catalyst Switches, Catalyst QoS features Application Layer Gateway (ALG) in IOS-NAT / Firewall, PIX

35 Questions? Q&A

36 Brian Gracely -
Voice over IP (VoIP) Brian Gracely -

37 Presentation_ID © 2001, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 37

Download ppt "Brian Gracely Technical Marketing Engineer"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google