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Analyzing Business Markets Marketing Management, 13 th ed 7.

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Presentation on theme: "Analyzing Business Markets Marketing Management, 13 th ed 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 Analyzing Business Markets Marketing Management, 13 th ed 7

2 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-2 Chapter Questions What is the business market, and how does it differ from the consumer market? What buying situations do organizational buyers face? Who participates in the business-to- business buying process?

3 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-3 Chapter Questions How do business buyers make their decisions? How can companies build strong relationships with business customers? How do institutional buyers and government agencies do their buying?

4 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-4 CISCO Targets Businesses

5 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-5 What is Organizational Buying? Organizational buying refers to the decision-making process by which formal organizations establish the need for purchased products and services, and identify, evaluate, and choose among alternative brands and suppliers.

6 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-6 Top Business Marketing Challenges Expand understanding of customer needs Compete globally as China and India reshape markets Master analytical tools and improve quantitative skills Reinstate innovation as an engine of growth Create new organizational models and linkages

7 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-7 Characteristics of Business Markets Fewer, larger buyers Close supplier- customer relationships Professional purchasing Many buying influences Multiple sales calls Derived demand Inelastic demand Fluctuating demand Geographically concentrated buyers Direct purchasing

8 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-8 Buying Situation Straight rebuy Modified rebuy New task

9 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-9 Systems Buying and Selling Turnkey solution desired; bids solicited Prime contractors Second-tier contractors System subcomponents assembled

10 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-10 The Buying Center Initiators Users Influencers Deciders Approvers Buyers Gatekeepers

11 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-11 Of Concern to Business Marketers Who are the major decision participants? What decisions do they influence? What is their level of influence? What evaluation criteria do they use?

12 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-12 Sales Strategies Small Sellers Large Sellers Key Buying Influencers Multilevel In-depth Selling

13 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-13 Stages in the Buying Process: Buyphases Problem recognition General need description Product specification Supplier search Proposal solicitation Supplier selection Order-routine specification Performance review

14 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-14 Table 7.2 Buygrid Framework

15 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-15 Forms of Electronic Marketplaces Catalog sites Vertical markets Pure play auction sites Spot markets Private exchanges Barter markets Buying alliances

16 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-16 Methods of e-Procurement Websites organized using vertical hubs Websites organized using functional hubs Direct extranet links to major suppliers Buying alliances Company buying sites

17 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-17 Table 7.3 Vendor Analysis

18 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-18 Handling Price-Oriented Customers Limit quantity purchased Allow no refunds Make no adjustments Provide no services

19 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-19 Methods for Researching Customer Value Internal engineering assessment Field value-in-use assessment Focus-group value assessment Direct survey questions Conjoint analysis Benchmarks Compositional approach Importance ratings

20 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-20 Order Routine Specification Stockless purchase plans Vendor-managed inventory Continuous replenishment

21 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-21 Establishing Corporate Trust and Credibility Expertise LikeabilityTrustworthiness

22 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-22 Figure 7.1 Trust Dimensions Transparent Product/Service Quality Incentive Partnering Cooperating Design Product Comparison Supply Chain Pervasive Advocacy

23 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-23 Factors Affecting Buyer-Supplier Relationships Availability of alternatives Supply market dynamism Complexity of supply Importance of supply

24 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-24 Categories of Buyer-Seller Relationships Basic buying and selling Bare bones Contractual transaction Customer supply Cooperative systems Collaborative Mutually adaptive Customer is king

25 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-25 What is Opportunism? Opportunism is some form of cheating or undersupply relative to an implicit or explicit contract.

26 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-26 Aramark Successfully Services Institutional and Government Markets

27 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-27 Marketing Debate how different is B-to-B marketing? Take a position: 1.Business-to-business marketing requires a special, unique set of marketing concepts and principles. or 2. Business-to-business marketing is really not that different and the basic marketing principles apply.

28 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7-28 Marketing Discussion Consider some of the consumer behavior topics from Chapter 6. How might you apply them to business- to-business settings?


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