Presentation on theme: "ARTICLE INDEFINITE (a /an) DEFINITE (the) ZERO (no article)"— Presentation transcript:
1ARTICLE INDEFINITE (a /an) DEFINITE (the) ZERO (no article) Geographical namesSpecial cases
2The Indefinite ARTICLE (A / AN) “one”;for the first usage;any person or any thing;one thing / person described with a descriptive adjective;naming an object or a person;after words: such, as, like;in exclamations with ‘what’…is used with countable nouns in singular.
3examples He worked in the office as a head manager. When she was 16, she’s such a charming girl with big blue eyes and long blonde hair.There is a sofa between two windows.This is a washing machine, but that is a fan.Can you hop like a frog.What a lovely day today!Have you ever heard about Edison? He invented a bulb.
4a or an?aLast summer my parents bought _____new villa near the Black Sea.I hope to visit _____ museum in Europe and take some photos in it.Don’t worry! She will come back in _____ month.They’ve got two sons and _____ daughter.Is there _____ elevator here?At the weekend we saw _____ exciting film with _____ dog as _____ main character.What ______ beautiful dress she has!aaaananaaa
5The definite ARTICLE (the) in concrete situations;for the second and … usage;in a phrase: the (N) of -phrase;with definite adjectives: following, next, previous, last, real, same, only, very,naming a unique object;before a superlative adjective;before an ordinary number;…is used with countable / uncountable nouns both in singular and plural if the situation is definite.
6Unique objects the sun; the wind; the weather; the moon; the Earth; the sky;the galaxy;the universe
7examplesWhen are you going to return the book I gave you a week ago?Read the next sentence, please.Complete the following text with prepositions.What is the weather like today?Last year they lived on the fourth floor, but now – on the second one.The name of the book is ‘Treasure Island’.I think Peter is the best friend, as he has never drop you out.
8Zero article with an uncountable noun in common situation; with plural countable nouns in common situation;before pronouns;after possessive, pointable and negative pronouns;Example:There is no idea in my mind.Can you show me this English book?How old are people?What fantastic coffee you’ve made!
9Complete the sentences with articles: Take ____ chair and put it near the wall.Does your ___ mum give you ___ chance to do anything yourself?This is ____ country I described in ___my ___last book.Where is ___ nearest post office?Who was ____ girl your boss was talking at ___ party?This ___text is about ___two little children who like ___ sea adventures.I prefer ____ coffee to ____tea.That’s ___ good idea!She will have finished ____ project by ____ next Sunday.
10Take the chair and put it near the wall. CHECK!Take the chair and put it near the wall.Does your mum give you a chance to do anything yourself?This is the country I described in my last book.Where is the nearest post office?Who was the girl your boss was talking at the party?This text is about (the) two little children who like sea adventures.I prefer coffee to tea.That’s a good idea!She will have finished the project by the next Sunday.
11countries (plural, the Ukraine); islands (the British Isles); Geographical Names:No articlethecountries (plural, the Ukraine);islands (the British Isles);mountains (the Alps);oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, waterfalls (the Irish Sea);desert (the Gobi);the West, the North, the East, the South;Countries (Russia);continents (Africa);Mountain (Everest);Lake Baikal;Desert Gobi;island (Great Britain);towns,cities,vilages
12Eric published his work about ____ Malta and _____ Madagascar. Examples:She has never been to ____ USA, but she visited ___France and ___ Ukraine last winter.Magellan crossed ____ Pacific Ocean, ___ Indian Ocean and ___ Atlantic Ocean.Eric published his work about ____ Malta and _____ Madagascar.There are a lot of myths connected with ____ Niagara Falls which belongs both to ___ Canada and ___ US.How hot is the weather in ____ Desert Sahara!Have you ever been to ____ Tibet?____ Mediterian Sea is famous for its fantastic beaches.
13people’s names, surnames; streets, squares, parks, lanes (Broadway); Proper namesNo articlethepeople’s names, surnames;streets, squares, parks, lanes (Broadway);before: Mr, Mrs, Miss, Doctor, President, Professor as titles;TV programmes;week days and months;planets;the Masons (the whole family);museums;galleries;cinemas, theatres;newspapers, magazines;the Congress, the Duma, the Parliament;the Net, the Internet;groups, bands;ships, hotels;
14He hasn’t met ____ Mr. Jackson before. Fulfill the gaps:He hasn’t met ____ Mr. Jackson before.How could they reach ____ Trafalgar Square?Last Monday she was in ____ British Museum with her boyfriend.Jane would like to enter ___ Oxford University, but failed.Which newspaper did your dad prefer? - ____ Times’.Where is ____ Tower Bridge? – Near ____ Houses of Parliament.Two days ago _____ Ericksons came back from ___ London.the‘Thethethethe
15at the beginning of; at the end of; the day before yesterday; phrasesa lot of;a great number of;for a while;just a moment;in a loud voice;all over the world;the whole task;most of the girls;In the end;at the beginning of; at the end of;the day before yesterday;play the piano;in the countrywith pleasure;play football;
16Where is _____ Mr. President? – In ____ White House. How long have you been in ____ Paris and in ___ Russian Federation?He was ____ first President of ____ Rada.Julia found ____ job in ____ Gardian as ___ reporter.They travelled all over ____ world, but ___ only place they enjoyed is ____ Tahiti.If there is ____ aim, you will get it though ___ lot of troubles will have to be managed.We meet ___ lot of ___ people, but ___ only some of them become ____ our ____ best friends.What ____ nice day today!She lives in ___ small town in ____ country.____ students’ reports made ___ public surprised.
17Choose the right article: Once upon a/ the there lived a / the king. He was a / the tall strong man with the / - blue eyes and a / - well-built fitness. He knew how to fight, how to construct - / the castles, but he didn’t know how to love.One day the / a king met a young girl in the/ - field where he rode on his horse. He was rather angry of her as she picked - /a plants in his land. But the /a girl looked at him with a smile and presented him a / the white flower. The king took it and lost his mind.