Presentation on theme: "Genetics Press spacebar to continue.... Genetics Here is the Gene family. Mr and Mrs Gene are in the centre. And here are their three children."— Presentation transcript:
Genetics Press spacebar to continue...
Genetics Here is the Gene family. Mr and Mrs Gene are in the centre. And here are their three children.
Only one characteristic will be expressed, or seen, in the individual. This gene is said to be dominant. The characteristic that is not seen is said to be recessive. Genes Complete 4
One day, Esther came home from a concert and noticed 8 new baby fish. She also observed that 2 of them were black and 6 were red. “How could this happen?” Esther puzzled. “Both parents were red”. A Fishy Tale
Esther's Mum explained a bit more about how genes worked. She suggested that each young fish had two similar genes controlling their colour. One passed down from the mother and one from the father. Mum to the Rescue Mother’s genesFather’s genes Young’s genes
Mum to the Rescue Possibility 1 Young’s alleles Genotype RR Phenotype Red scales Mother’s alleles Father’s alleles R r R r RR
Mum to the Rescue Possibility 2 Young’s alleles Genotype Rr Phenotype Red scales Mother’s alleles Father’s alleles R r R r R r
Mum to the Rescue Possibility 3 Young’s alleles Genotype Rr Phenotype Red scales Mother’s alleles Father’s alleles R r R r R r
Mum to the Rescue Possibility 4 Young’s alleles Genotype rr Phenotype Black scales Mother’s alleles Father’s alleles R r R r r r
Mum to the Rescue We can show all these possibilities in a diagram called a Punnet square … rrRrr RRR Parent 2 rR Parent 1 Possibility 1 Possibility 3 Possibility 2 Possibility 4
If H = hooked nose and h = normal nose, what is the genotype of individual 9? What is the genotype of individual 5? Hooked Noses Female MaleHooked Nose No Hooked Nose Complete ‘Hooked Noses’
This punnet square was to be used to predict the eye colour of a child of Parents 1 and 2. Bb Parent 1 B b Parent 2 Punnet Squares Unfortunately, it has been damaged. The gene for brown eyes, B, is dominant over the gene for blue eyes, b.
There are four main blood types in humans: A, B, AB and O. There are 3 genes which carry blood type: A, B and O. A person carries 2 of the 3 genes. Human Blood Types
1. How is this type of breeding similar to cloning? How is it different to cloning? 2. “Armadillos are taking a risk in producing identical offspring”. Why might the armadillos be at risk from this type of reproduction? Cloning in Nature Worksheet
ORB Education Visit for a range of quality teaching materials. PowerPoint presentation by Jo Kennedy Graphics & Design by Esther Kennedy Thanks to the students for the use of their photos