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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION FATEHPUR-SHEKHAWATI, SIKAR 332 301 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF COWPEA AND MUNGBEAN.

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Presentation on theme: "AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION FATEHPUR-SHEKHAWATI, SIKAR 332 301 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF COWPEA AND MUNGBEAN."— Presentation transcript:

1 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION FATEHPUR-SHEKHAWATI, SIKAR PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF COWPEA AND MUNGBEAN

2

3 Agriculture scenario in zone IIa Total geographical area36.9 lac ha Cultivated area29.4 lac ha Net area sown26.7lac ha Net irrigated area7.8lac ha

4 Area & productivity of important crops CropArea (lac ha)Productivity (Kg/ha) Bajra Moth Moong Cowpea Guar Wheat Mustard Gram Barley

5 Cowpea (Vigna anguiculata)

6 Varieties Mean grain yield (kg/ha) Days to maturity RC RCp RC Suitable varieties

7 Treatment Mean grain yield (kg/ha)* Mean fodder yield (kg/ha)* Additional return (Rs/ha) (kg/ha) Crop production Sulphur fertilization Application of 40 kg sulphur /ha through gypsum is recommended for obtaining higher grain yield of cowpea. *For organic cultivation of cowpea, use of 3.75t/ha FYM every year was found suitable

8 Treatment Mean grain yield * (kg/ha) Straw yield (kg/ha) Weedy check Two hand weedings at 20 & 30 DAS Fluchloralin 0.75kg/ha + one hand weeding 30 DAS Weed Management For weed management in cowpea, two hand weeding 20 and 30 days after sowing or pre-plant in corporation of 0.75kg/ha followed by one hand weeding at 30 DAS is found effective.

9 TreatmentJassid population reduction (% ) White flies reduction (% ) Mean seed yield* (kg/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Control Methyl parathion 2% (25 kg/ha) Protection Technologies Management of jassid, pod borer and whitefly On appearance of insects in cowpea, dusting of Methyl parathion 2% dust at 25kg/ha is economical.

10 TreatmentJassid population Reduction (% ) Pod borer infestation (%) Mean seed yield* (kg/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Control Azadirachtin1500ml /ha Azadirachtin (750ml/ha) + half dose of Monocrotophos (500ml/ha) In cowpea use either Azadirachtin 1500ml/ha alone or a combination of Azadirachtin (750ml/ha) and half dose of Monocrotophos (500ml/ha) for control against jassids and pod borer.

11 TreatmentPDI Mean Mean grain yield * (kg/ha) B:C ratio Topsin-M (2g/kg seed) Bavistin+Thiram (1+2g/kg seed) Management of stem blight For control stem blight (Macrophomina phaseolina) in cowpea, seed treatment with Bavistin 50 WP + Thiram (1+2g/kg) or Topsin-M (2g/kg) is recommended.

12 AES wise performance of cowpea varieties AESSuitable varieties IRC-101, RCP-27, RC-19, IIRC-101, RC-19, RCP-27 IIIRCP-27, RC-101, RC-19 IVRC-101, RC-19, RCP-27

13 DistrictSuitable varieties SikarRCP-27, RC-101, RC-19 JhunjhunuRC-101, RCP-27, RC-19, District wise performance of cowpea verities

14 Mungbean (Phaseolus radiatus)

15 VarietiesMean seed yield (kg/ha)* Days to maturity RMG RMG MUM Suitable varieties SML-668 included in POP RMG-492 included in POP

16 Crop production Sulphur fertilization Application of 40 kg sulphur /ha through gypsum is recommended for obtaining higher grain yield of cowpea. Treatment Mean grain yield (kg/ha) Straw yield (kg/ha) Gross returns (Rs/ha) Weedy check Weed free (2 times) Fluchloraline at 0.5 kg/ha ( ppi) Moongbean crop should be kept weed free either by two hand weeding at 20 and 30 days after sowing or by applying Fluchloraline at 0.5 kg/ha as pre planting soil incorporation for obtaining higher yield. Weed management

17 Treatment Mean grain yield (kg/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) B:C ratio Azadirachtin alone (1500ml/ha) Azadirachtin + Monocrotophos ( ml/ha) Control381-- Protection Technologies Management of jassid, whitefly and pod borer For the control of jassid, whitefly and pod borers in mungbean, spray of azadirachtin 750 ml mixed with monocrotophos 36 WSC at 500 ml / ha should be done at the time of pest appearance and repeated once at 20 days interval as and when pest reappear.

18 TreatmentPercent pod infestation Mean grain yield * (kg/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Quinalphos 25 EC lL/ha Dimethoate 30 EC lL/ha Methyl demeton 25 EC lL/ha Control Spraying of either Dimethoate 30 EC or Quinolphos 25 EC or Methyl demeton 25 lL/ha is found effective and economic for management of foliage insect-pests (White flies and Jassids) and pod borer of moongbean.

19 Treatment Mean percent pod infestation Mean grain yield* (kg/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Methyl parathion 2% dust 25kg/ha Quinalphos 1.5% dust 25kg/ha Malathion 5% dust 25kg/ha Control Moong crop can be protected by insect-pests by dusting the crop at the time of infestation either with Methyl parathion 2% or Quinalphos 1.5% or Malathion 5% dust at 25kg/ha.

20 Treatment Disease incidence Mean grain yield B:C ration Topsin-M (ST) + Mancozeb (two spray) Control Management of stem blight 4. Seed treatment with Topsin-M (2g/kg) followed by two spray of Mancozeb (2kg/ha) at 30 and 40 DAS was found effective to control of stem blight (Macrophomina phaseolina) in moongbean.

21 AESSuitable Varieties ISML-668, RMG-492, MUM-2, K-851, RMG-268 IIRMG-492, RMG-268, SML-668, K-851, MUM-2 IIISML-668, RMG-492, MUM-2, K-851, RMG-268 IVRMG-492, SML-668, RMG-268, K-851, MUM-2 AES-wise performance of Mungbean varieties

22 DistrictSuitable Varieties SikarRMG-492, SML-668, RMG-268, K-851, MUM-2 Jhunjhunu SML-668, RMG-492, MUM-2, K-851, RMG-268 District wise performance of mungbean varieties

23 AESRecommendation I60 Kg Sulphur/ha II40 Kg Sulphur/ha III60 Kg Sulphur/ha IV40 Kg Sulphur/ha AES wise Micronutrient management (Sulphur though gypsum) management in Mungbean DistrictRecommendation Sikar40-60kg Sulphur/ha Jhunjhunu40kg Sulphur/ha Nagaur60kg Sulphur/ha District wise micronutrient (Sulphur though gypsum) management in Mungbean

24 Clusterbean (Cymposis tetragonoloba

25 VarietiesMean seed yield( kg/ha)* Days to maturity RGC RGC RGC RGC RGC Suitable varieties

26 TreatmentMean seed yield (kg/ha)* Control kg S/ha through gypsum1439 Sulphur fertilization Application of sulphur 30kg/ha through gypsum at the time of sowing is recommended for obtaining higher yield of clusterbean. TreatmentMean grain yield (kg/ha)* Mean straw yield (kg/ha) Weedy check Fluchloralin (0.75kg/ha as ppi) Fluchloralin (0.75kg/ha as ppi) + one hand weeding at 30 DAS Weed management Pre-plant application of 0.75kg/ha super imposed with one hand weeding at 30 days after sowing is recommended for effective weed control in clusterbean.

27 TreatmentMean grain yield * (kg/ha) Additional return (Rs/ha) Seed soaking No seed soaking598- Seed soaking in 500 ppm thiourea Seed soaking in 500 ppm thiourea ppm DMSO Agro-chemical Seed soaking of clusterbean, in mixed solution of 500 ppm thiourea ppm of DMSO for 4 hours and drying in shade for 2-3 hours before sowing is beneficial to increase the grain yield.

28 TreatmentMean grain yield * (kg/ha) Additional return (Rs/ha) Foliar sprays Two sprays of water580- Two sprays of 500 ppm thiourea Two sprays of 500 ppm thiourea ppm DMSO Two sprays of 500 ppm thiourea or mixed solution of 500 ppm thiourea ppm DMSO at vegetative stage and flowering stage is beneficial to increase the grain yield.

29 Treatment Percent Population reduction (Mean)* Jassid Whitefly Aphid Azadirachtin alone ( 1500 ml/ha) (57.06) (55.17) (60.22) Azadirachtin+Monocrotophos ( ) (60.59) (58.66) (64.04) Control8.55 (16.91) (17.74) 6.47 (14.52) Protection Technologies M anagement of Jassid & Whitefly In kharif season clusterbean is being infested by sucking pest like jassid, aphid and white fly. Spray of azadirachtin 1000 ml mixed with monocrotophos 36 WSC at 500 ml / ha should be done at the time of pest appearance and repeat once at 20 days interval as and when pest reappear. Figures in parentheses are angular transformed values

30 TreatmentMean grain yield* (kg/ha) Net additional return (Rs/ha) Azadirachtin alone ( 1500ml/ha) Azadirachtin+Monocrotoph os ( ml/ha) Control450-

31 Treatment% reduction whitefly % reduction jassid % reduction aphid Mean grain yield * (kg/ha) Net return (Rs/ha ) Monocrotophos 40 1litre/ha Methyl demeton 25 1litre/ha Dimethoate 30 1litre/ha Control For control of white fly (Bemisia tabaci), jassids (Ampoasca spp.) and aphids (Aphis craccivora) in clusterbean, spray with either Methyl demeton 25 EC or Dimethoate 30 EC or Monocrotophos 40 lL/ha was found effective and economic for management of foliage insect-pests (White flies, Aphids and Jassids) of guar.

32 TreatmentDose Root rot incidence % Mean grain yield* (kg/ha) Additional net return (Rs/ha) Bavistin +Thiram1+2g 3.35 (10.50) T. harzianum5g/kg 6.32 (14.61) Control (23.20) 461- Management of root rot Seed treatment with Bavistin + Thiram (1+2g/kg) or Trichoderma 5g/kg seed is effective to control to root rot in clusterbean.

33 AESSuitable Varieties I RGC-197, RGC-1003,RGC-1017, RGC RGC- 936, III RGC-1003, RGC-197, RGC-1002, RGC-1017, RGC- 936, V RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC RGC-936, VIRGC-936, RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC AES-wise performance of Clusterbean varieties

34 AESSuitable Varieties IRGC-197, RGC-1003,RGC-1017, RGC RGC-936, IIRGC-1003, RGC-1002, RGC-197, RGC-1017, RGC-936, IIIRGC-1003, RGC-197, RGC-1002, RGC-1017, RGC-936, IVRGC-1003, RGC-1002, RGC-197, RGC-1017, RGC-936, VRGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC RGC-936, VIRGC-936, RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC-1002 AES-wise performance of Clusterbean varieties DistrictSuitable Varieties SikarRGC-1003, RGC-197, RGC-1002, RGC-1017, RGC-936, JhunjhunuRGC-197, RGC-1003,RGC-1017, RGC RGC-936, NagaurRGC-936, RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC-1002 ChuruRGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC RGC-936, District wise performance of Clusterbean varieties

35 AESRecommendation I 20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha+foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo 4 II20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha III20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha IV20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha V 20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo 4 VI 20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo 4 AES wise Micronutrient management (ZnSO 4 ) in Clusterbean DistrictRecommendation Sikar20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha Jhunjhunu 20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo 4 Nagaur 20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo 4 Churu 20 kg ZnSO 4 /ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo 4 District wise Micronutrient management (ZnSO 4 ) in Clusterbean

36 Thanking you


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