Presentation on theme: "Brain and Leadership Professor Frederick Travis, PhD"— Presentation transcript:
1Brain and Leadership Professor Frederick Travis, PhD Director, Center for Brain, Consciousness, and CognitionMaharishi University of ManagementFairfield, Iowa USA
2Thinking and actionCEOEmotionsConcrete Experience
3Stress turns off the CEO of the brain Challenge1. ChallengeCE02. StressLose ability tointerpret subtle cuesindex, store and access informationperceive patternsAccess long term memoryOverreact to experiencesMore automatic and limited in responses.Revert to stereotypical
5Activation of visual cortex in a sighted person reading a book,
6Activation of visual cortex: in a sighted person reading a book, and in a blind person “reading” Braille.
7Conscious Thoughts Focused Attention: Gamma (20-50 Hz) Loving-kindness-compassion (Lutz eta l. 2004);Other studies with single group or case study designsQigong (Litscher et al, 2001)Zen–3rd ventricle (Huang and Lo, 2009)Diamond Way Buddhism (Lehmann et al., 2001)Focused Attention: sustained focus and voluntary control of attention and cognitive processesTravis and Shear, 2010
8Conscious Thoughts Focused Attention: Gamma (20-50 Hz) Open Monitoring: Theta (4-8 Hz)Vipassana meditation (Cahn et al., 2010)Zen meditation (ZaZen) (Murata, et al, 1994)Sahaja Yoga (Aftanas and Golocheikine, 2001; Baijal & Srinivasan, 2009)Concentrative Qigong (Pan, Zhang, & Xia, 1994)Dispassionate, non-evaluative awareness of ongoing experienceTravis and Shear, 2010
9Conscious Thoughts Focused Attention: Gamma (20-50 Hz) Open Monitoring: Theta (4-8 Hz)Automatic Self-Transcending: Alpha 1 (8-10 Hz)Automatic transcending of the procedures of the meditation practiceTravis and Shear, 2010
10Paradoxical Alpha (TM) FrontCenterBackAlpha as Idling (eyes closed)Travis et al, 2009
19Restful Alertness during TM practice BaselineTM PracticeFDG-PETFrontalandParietalHippo-campus andThalamusNewberg, A., Travis, F., Wintering, N., Nidich, S., Alavi, A. & Schneider, R. Neural Imaging conference, Miami, Fl., 2006.
20Brain Functioning during Simple and ChoiceReactionTimeTasks
21As soon as you hear the tone, press the space bar as fast as you can. 1st Task (Attention)In the first task, you'll see an * in the middle of the screen. Then you'll hear a tone.As soon as you hear the tone, press the space bar as fast as you can.
222nd Task (Remain Balanced) In this task, you'll see a number in the middle of the screen; then a blank screen for 1.5 seconds; and then a second number.If the first number is greater, press the left button. If the second number is greater, press the right button.
26Correlation of the Brain Integration Report Card with: * p < .05, ** p < .01MeanStdR (28)Moral Reasoning3.460.410.66**Emotional Stability3.860.850.52**Openness to exp4.420.470.46*State Anxiety27.7511.92-0.46*Trait Anxiety31.2912.23-0.47*Travis et al 2004, Consciousness and Cognition, 13/2,
27American University College Students (random assignment to groups) Brain Integration during tasks (3-mon TM)Travis et al, 2009
28American University College Students (random assignment to groups) Brain Integration during tasks (3-mon TM)Travis et al, 2009
29American University College Students (random assignment to groups) Brain Integration during tasks (3-mon TM)Travis et al, 2009