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IN THE NAME OF GOD Motor Control and Neuromuscular Problems Elham Torkashvand MohammadReza Behradmehr Dr.Arshi Spring 2013 1 Behnam Kazempour.

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Presentation on theme: "IN THE NAME OF GOD Motor Control and Neuromuscular Problems Elham Torkashvand MohammadReza Behradmehr Dr.Arshi Spring 2013 1 Behnam Kazempour."— Presentation transcript:

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2 IN THE NAME OF GOD Motor Control and Neuromuscular Problems Elham Torkashvand MohammadReza Behradmehr Dr.Arshi Spring Behnam Kazempour

3 ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to movement Definition Motor control Central nervous system musculoskeletal 2 ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to movement Definition

4 The problem of motor control  Information processing  Coordination  Mechanics  Physics  cognition 3

5 Areas of study related to motor control  Motor coordination  Motor learning  Signal processing 4

6 Any disorder that compromises the synaptic transmission between a motor neuron and muscle cell is categorized under the umbrella term of neuromuscular diseases. 5

7 Causes  Circulatory problems  immunological and autoimmune disorders  The failure of the electrical insulation surrounding nerves myelin  Genetic/hereditary  The failure of the connections between the nerves and the muscle fiber  Certain rare tumors  Exposure to pernicious environmental chemicals  poisoning 6

8 Symptoms  Muscular weakness  Rigidity  Loss of muscular control  Twitching  Muscle pain 7

9 Diagnose  Clinical observations(atrophy or loss of muscle volume)  testing the levels of various chemicals and antigens in the blood  Electromyography  Diagnostic imaging 8

10 Classification of motor unit disorders 9

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12 11 Symptom

13 Rehabilitation  Speech /occupational/physical therapy as rehabilitation method 12

14 Treatment in the current paradigm  They are struggling to maintain independence  Their families are strained due to roles as caregivers 13

15 Primary Assessment Areas:  Activities of Daily Living (ADL)  Upper limb strength and range of motion  Coordination  Vision  Writing 14

16 Secondary Assessment Areas:  Fatigue  Sleep  Cognition  Depression  Quality of Life 15

17 Challenges in Self Care  ADLs take increased time  On and off times affect performance  Safety is compromised  Decreased desire or motivation to complete ADLs 16

18 Treatment:feeding  Weighted and built up utensils  Scoop plates  Rocker knives  Adaptive strategies 17

19 Treatment: Grooming  Electric toothbrush or razor  Wash mitt or soap on a rope  Adaptive strategies 18

20 Treatment Ideas:Computer work  Adapted keyboards and mouse  Hands free software  One handed typing  Seating and positioning 19

21 treatment:walking  Straight cane  Rolling walker  Treadmill training  Improvements in gait speed,step leng and balance  Safety harness 20

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23 conclusion  Simplify treatment  Maximum change with minimal cognitive effort  Repetitive activities  Focus on increasing functional communication 22

24 23 Orthopedic Rehablitiation,Assessment,and Enablement John Leong and Jesse Jupiter Refrences

25 24 Thanks for attention


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