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26 April: Enterprise Development Conference, Durban by Abigail Knox.

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Presentation on theme: "26 April: Enterprise Development Conference, Durban by Abigail Knox."— Presentation transcript:

1 26 April: Enterprise Development Conference, Durban by Abigail Knox

2 26 April: Enterprise Development Conference, Durban by Abigail Knox KZN Sustainable Energy Forum RE Resource Maps and Data in KZN RE Generation Opportunities – REIPPPP (aka REBid Programme) – Embedded Generation Energy Efficiency / Demand side Management Local Research Institutions & Capacity

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4 Stakeholder Engagement

5 A platform for networking

6 SWH Roll-out Workshop for Municipalities with MILE, CoGTA, Eskom (2 March) 7 th KSEF Meeting on Solar PV (27 March) Ocean Energy Workshop (3 May) 8th KSEF Meeting: Biomass and Liquid Fuels (25 July) Solar PV Workshop for Business (30 October) 9th KSEF Meeting: Energy Poverty and Rural Energisation (2 Nov) What RE Investors Want? (14 Feb 2013) KSEF Events in 2012 :

7 Addressing local challenges

8 Research and Development

9 Learning by doing

10 Sharing Learnings

11 Promoting success

12 Demonstrating Solutions

13 35% of KSEF members are active on our website Over 600 members: commercial = 87% government = 5% NGO/CBO = 3% Research = 5% KSEF Members :

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15 Solar KZN Solar Map available in GIS layers. KZN Solar Map UKZN recently publishedAn assessment of the solar resource for Durban, South AfricaAn assessment of the solar resource for Durban, South Africa 1900 – 2200 kWh/m 2 more favorable than that of Germany kWh/m 2 comparable to Spain

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17 Wind KZN Wind Atlas developed by SERG. KZN Wind Atlas eThekwini Wind Map Report - suitable sites in Durban. eThekwini Wind Map Report GIS Wind Map free download GIS Wind Map Information about South Africa's Wind Resource in general can be found on the website for the Wind Atlas project.website for the Wind Atlas project iXopo Kokstad Butterworth Qachas Nek

18 Newcastle Sterkfontein dam Estcout Harrismith

19 Hydro In total South Africa is a water stressed country with 98% of water resources already tapped. The Drakensberg Pumped Storage (1,000MW) at Driekloof Dam in KZN is a valuable resource. There is still considerable Small Hydro (<1MW) potential to be harnessed. – a total potential of 247 MW of which 38 MW has been developed.

20 Areas with micro hydro potential in South Africa (DME, Eskom, CSIR, 2001)

21 Biomass “A Catalogue of Renewable Energy Sources Fit for eThekwini (2007)” identifies a variety of Biomass Resources appropriate to KZN, such as “A Catalogue of Renewable Energy Sources Fit for eThekwini (2007) – bagasse from the sugar cane industry, – under-utilised material from the paper industry – oil-producing crops. Cogeneration – Tongaat Hulett and Illovo using bagasse to power their mills seasonally. They are also both investing in sugar to energy technologies, such as bioethanol and base-load electricity from bagasse.

22 This presentation was made by Wolfgang Fechter at the 8 th KSEF Meeting, July 2012

23 Download: Tongaat Hulett - Diversifying the Sugar IndustryTongaat Hulett - Diversifying the Sugar Industry This presentation was made at the 8 th KSEF Meeting, July 2012

24 This presentation was made by Wolfgang Fechter at the 8 th KSEF Meeting, July 2012

25 Waste Waste to Energy Best Practice Guidelines have been developed as part of a joint initiative between KZN DEDT and TIKZN to assist municipalities who are considering waste to energy proposals. Waste to Energy Best Practice Guidelines Download: Overcoming the Challenges of Developing an Integrated Waste Management Plan at Local Government Level – A Case Study of the uMgungundlovu District Municipality

26 Ocean Energy wave energy tidal energy current energy salient gradient of the ocean can also be utilised with Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Download: Ocean Energy Workshop Summary Document Ocean Energy Workshop Summary Document South Africa’s marine energy resources in relation to coal fields [Source: Mike Roberts/Eskom]

27 Agulhas Current characteristics showing Natal Pulse [Source: Mike Roberts/Eskom]

28 Technical resource available in Agulhas Current stream based on SIF of 30% [Source: Eskom]

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30 Current national electricity consumption = GWh (excl upstream of transmission) Current power capacity = 48.9GW (with reserve margin at 10%)

31 SA Renewables Initiative (SARi) – Plan to add 19GW (=9% of total elec required) by 2030 REIPPP programme = 3,725MW WWF alternative Ecanario: “50% RE by 2030” – Wind: 9.5 GW (at 30% availability), 12.7 GW (at 25% availability) – Solar Concentrated solar thermal: 35.6 GW – Demand side management, off grid PV, SWH, pumped storage Large Scale (over 5MW) Small Scale – Decentralised generation (1MW – 5MW) – Embedded generation (10kW – 1000kW/1MW)

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33 REIPPP projects awarded by province in REIPPP Round 1

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36 Review of Successful bids Round 1 and 2 TechnologiesTotal Allocation Allocation to preferred biddersRemaining Allocation Nov 2011May 2012 Solar PV ,5417,1256 Solar CSP Onshore Wind ,6798,9 Small Hydro75014,360,7 Landfill Gas2500 Biomass12,500 Biogas12,500 Total , ,6

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38 Local Content Requirement The local content requirement for successful Solar PV projects in the REIPPP Programme has increased from a minimum of 28,5% in the first window to 47,5% in the 2 nd window the percentage refers to the portion of total costs attributed to a project. This can include components of the actual power plant, construction and operation services procured from local contractors, employment of local engineers, labour, etc as well as local capital investment.

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42 Power station  Electricity Grid  electricity meter  end use

43 RE Power station  Electricity Grid  electricity meter  end use

44 Electricity Grid  electricity meter  embedded generation  end use

45 Battery storage  electricity meter  embedded generation  end use

46 Embedded / Decentralised Generation The KSEF Guide to Application Procedures for Embedded Power Generators in KZN The KSEF Guide to Application Procedures for Embedded Power Generators in KZN – industry standards, – Grid tie approval, – licenses and contracts from the relevant electricity distributor. KZN Munics that have already accepted grid-tie: – eThekwini – Newcastle – uMhlatuze (Richards Bay)

47 KZN Solar PV roof top availability database – KZN RFI Solar PV KZN RFI Solar PV eThekwini buys electricity from local generators – Payment is based on the avoided cost principle. This means that eThekwini is able to pay generators for electricity at the same price it would have cost to purchase electricity from Eskom. Eskom sells electricity to municipalities at the Megaflex rate, which is based on a time of use tariff, hence eThekwini applies the Industrial Time of Use tariff to embedded generators.

48 eThekwini guidelines for connecting to the grid – “Energy rates are paid to generators based on when they generated, Peak time periods attract the highest rates whilst off- peak attract the lowest. HIGH SEASON PEAKSTANDARDOFF- PEAK c/kWh LOW SEASON PEAKSTANDARDOFF- PEAK c/kWh Network Demand charge (R / kVA) is paid base on what your generation demand is at the time of Eskom’s maximum demand. In Durban, this occurs between 4pm-6:30pm. Voltage surcharge (10.05%) payable as localised generation off-sets losses and reduces the loading on the transmission network.” Download eThekwini Presentation: Guidelines for connecting to the grid

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50 Average daily Load Curve

51 Peak Demand Highest in Winter

52 Cost of meeting Peak Demand with Gas

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54 Energy efficient appliances System Optimisation Smart metering Behaviour change Incentives: – Eskom Standard Offer Program (payment for kWh savings) – Eskom Residential Mass Roll out

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56 The University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal, and Hydrological Engineering (CRECHE) – Civil EngineeringCRECHE – BioEnergy Map Project (PL: Prof. Cristina Trois). The objective is to map the potential for biomass/waste-to-energy projects in KZN and assist local municipalities with decision making tools. Sustainable Energy Research Group (SERG) – Mechanical EngineeringSERG – Solar Energy Map Project (PL: Mike Brooks in collaboration with Stellenbosch) – Wind Atlas (PL: Jean Pitot). The School of Accounting Economics and FinanceSchool of Accounting Economics and Finance – poverty energy map in KZN and Green Economy (PL: Prof. Marcel Kohler). School of Built Environment and Development Studies, UKZN School of Built Environment and Development Studies – multi-disciplinary development and policy-support research

57 Durban University of Technology (DUT) Centre for Advanced Computer Modelling and Manufacturing (ADCOMM), Durban University of TechnologyADCOMM Mangosuthu University of Technology (MUT) Centre for Algae Biotech, Mangosuthu University of Technology - focuses on the identification, optimisation and commercialisation of biofuels from indigenous species of algae.Mangosuthu University of Technology CSIR Council for Scientific and Industrial Research CSIR has a two broad groups resident in KZN: The natural resources and the environment (NRE) unit and Consulting Analytical Services (CAS) unit. CSIR

58 Register for free

59 Contact Abigail Knox


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