Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Linking Disaster to Development: The Community-led Disaster Management in Nepal Man B. Thapa Disaster Management Programme UNDP Nepal.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Linking Disaster to Development: The Community-led Disaster Management in Nepal Man B. Thapa Disaster Management Programme UNDP Nepal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Linking Disaster to Development: The Community-led Disaster Management in Nepal Man B. Thapa Disaster Management Programme UNDP Nepal

2 Nepal

3 Content  Why we need to link disaster to development?  Community-led disaster management in Nepal  Linking disaster to development: a success story  Where should we go from here  Conclusion

4 Seismic Hazard of Nepal Map courtesy: National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Lainchor, Kathmandu, Nepal Map courtesy: National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Lainchor, Kathmandu, Nepal

5

6

7 The Economic Losses due to Various Natural Disasters in Nepal 19,907 15,891 9,748 9,247 7,071 Dev expend (in mNR) Loss as % of dev exp. 0.82, Floods 510,1121, Floods 1211,9031, Fire 2119,1411, Earthq 96, Floods Loss as % GDP Loss (in mNR) DeathsDisaster

8 Why we need to link disaster to development?  Nepal is a disaster prone country  Disaster has been dealt partially and in isolation  Several development initiatives have been affected by different kinds and forms of disasters  Annually about 20% of GDP is being lost due to disasters  Annually about 260 people are killed by disaster and about 30,000 families affected  Due to flawed disaster management, the ratio of killed to affected population in Nepal is the highest in the whole of South Asian Region

9 Community-led disaster management in Nepal  Background –Isolated/inaccessible communities –Resources constraints  Community selection based on the magnitude of vulnerability  Formation of groups/SGCOs  Programme design with due recognition to the local knowledge, implementation and PME  Financial transaction (Transparency and accountability)

10 Continue ….  Linking with other development actors,  Transforming groups/ SGCOs as NGOs

11 Linking disaster to development: a success story  Site/ community selection  Group formation (male/female/political parties/ majority/minority  Inputs to the group/SGCO (technical/financial)  Community contribution mandatory  Participatory monitoring and evaluation  Peer communication

12 Continue …….  Activities  River training (spurs, drainage – bioengineering)  Large scale plantation and community forest protection-zero grazing  Natural growth of vegetation  Sale of grasses (stall feeding)  Purchase of milch animals  Milk collection center  Creation of picnic spot  Family fish pond construction  Apiculture  Nursery establishment  Strengthening institutional capacity  Small and cost-effective infrastructure

13 Continue …..  Future activities  More income generating activities to women for their empowerment  Establishment of bio-gas plants, improved cooking stoves  Large scale mulberry plantation for sericulture, fodder and flood control  Large scale bamboo and cane plantation for cottage industry

14 Innovations offer hope for future  Appropriate policy  New concepts and planning tools  Partnerships  Living with disaster (Upgrading coping mechanisms)  Community involvement for local ownership, cost-effectiveness and sustainability

15 Conclusion  An integrated approach for DM must be adopted for long term sustainable development  Activities must be designed with local people and identification of an entry point and exit strategy must be shared with local people  Clear delineation of community (male/female) roles and responsibilities from the very outset  The form and extent of communities’ contribution should be decided at the very beginning

16 Continue…  A clear sketch of road map for linking disaster to development should be designed at the beginning  Priority should be given to activities which can be of immediate benefit to the community  Priority should be given to those activities which reduce the future vulnerability of the area

17 Thank you


Download ppt "Linking Disaster to Development: The Community-led Disaster Management in Nepal Man B. Thapa Disaster Management Programme UNDP Nepal."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google