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Baptist History Lesson 24 Revival, Reunion, Expansion.

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Presentation on theme: "Baptist History Lesson 24 Revival, Reunion, Expansion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Baptist History Lesson 24 Revival, Reunion, Expansion

2 “ The Baptists asked it through Washington; the request commended itself to Madison; and to the Baptists, beyond a doubt, belongs the glory of engrafting its best articles on the noblest Constitution ever framed for the government of mankind” Cathcart, Centennial Offering

3 Four Periods of ‘Awakening’ Activity I. The Great Awakening (1730’s-1750’s) II. The 2 nd Great Awakening (1790’s-1830”’s) III. Prayer Meetings through New Pentecostalism (1857-1910’s) IV. 1940’s – 1950’s Billy Graham

4 1300 miles N/S 50 miles width 1,000,000 population 150,000 negro slaves 2 nd trip: Oct 31, 1739 “Thus he had come to a position in which not denominational adherence but evangelical soundness was the criterion, and his work had become non-denominational in character” AD, Vol 1, pg 438 What did Whitefield preach?

5 1720’s - The Middle Colonies 1730’s – The New England Colonies 1740 – 1750’s – The Southern Colonies The 1 st Great Awakening EVANGELICAL: Authority of scripture Necessity of new birth Intent to spread the gospel True conversion worked out in the believer’s life “God graciously intervened in the affairs of man”

6 Results of the Great Awakening 1. Conversions 2. Increase in churches and church membership 3. Increase awareness of the necessity of the new birth 4. No tolerance for an unconverted minister 5.Building of new evangelical schools: Princeton Dartmouth Rutgers Brown 6. Calvinism strengthened and preserved in American churches for another hundred years POSITIVE:

7 Western Migration Mass Migration to the Continent Why did religious fervor fade after the 1 st Great Awakening? The Disruption of the American Revolution The Rise of English Deism & French Skepticism

8 The 2 nd Great Awakening East Coast Western Frontier New England

9 The East Coast Colleges Hampton- Sidney College – 1787, students pry for revival Yale – 1802, Timothy Dwight Princeton – 1813 Daniel Baker, Pry Mtg 1813 – 1815 40 converted Harvard, Bowdin, Brown, Dartmouth, Middlebury, Williams, and Andover Methodism Frances Asbury

10 The Frontier Logan, KY - 1797 Camp Meeting Cane Ridge, KY - 1801

11 The Frontier Logan, KY - 1797 Cane Ridge - 1801 Methodist Circuit Riders Baptist Camp Meeting Presbyterian Split The Cumberland Presbyterian Church The Christian Church The Church of Disciples The Circuit Riders went after the frontier people. Francis Asbury/Peter Cartwright - Farmer/Sunday Preacher

12 The Results of the 2 nd Great Awakening The Rise of revivalism – the idea that revivals could be planned. The American Revolution established a new context for the churches, in which voluntary patterns for survival and growth had to be established. The Democratization of Christianity – Christian organizations based upon the individual. Away from creeds, confessions. We will see divisions and the rise of denominations and para-church organizations. The Decline of Calvinism – it will be replaced by Arminian Evangelization The 2 nd Great Awakening will delay the dissent into paganism

13 Union of Separate and Regular Baptists Virginia 1776: United Baptists Churches of Virginia North Carolina SeparatesSandy Creek Association 1758 Regulars Kehukee Association 1765

14 1775-1800 Period of Unusual Growth 1800: 48 Associations 1775 1 in 264 a Baptist 1800 1 in 53 a Baptist Why such growth? 1. The granting of religious liberty 2. Missionary activity of pioneer preachers 3. Harmony between democratic spirit among the people and congregational polity of the Baptists

15 Kentucky1790 42 churches; 3100 members Tennessee1765 first church in Nashville area 1790 18 churches; 900 members 1801 Union of Elkhorn and Separates of South Kentucky “And that the preaching Christ tasted death for every man shall be no bar to communion” 9 th Article

16 What did Baptists in the South look like? 1. Associational 2. Confessional Abstracts rather than full confessions 3. Calvinistic Soteriology 4. Committed Congregationalists 5. Evangelistic

17 John A. Broadus “The American Baptist Minister of 100 years ago” 1. Felt inward call to the ministry 2. Endured hardships 3. Erred about ministerial support 4. Generally favored ministerial education 5. The character of their preaching was eminently Biblical “it suffices to add that the preachers of that day depended much on the aid of the Holy Spirit to give them liberty in speaking and the hearts of their hearers…And it is a great fundamental truth, to which we must cling, that God will help us in preaching, and himself ‘giveth the increase.’”

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