Does this picture accurately describe who was in charge in the Spanish colonies? Does anything need to be added?
PQ2 What is the encomienda economic system of the Spanish colonies?
List four characteristics of the encomienda system.
Encomienda System Spain controlled the colonies’ economic activity Colonists could only export to Spain Colonists could only buy Spanish manufactured goods Sugar was introduced into the West Indies and quickly became profitable Cane was refined into sugar, molasses, and rum Sugar cane had to be grown on large plantations Financing the number of workers to farm the sugar cane was very problematic
Encomienda System Spanish monarchs granted encomiendas to conquistadors The right to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans Conquistadors used this system to force Native Americans to work in brutal conditions Disease, starvation, and cruel treatment caused catastrophic declines in the Native American population
PQ3 Who replaced declining Native American populations in the Spanish new world?
Bartolome de las Casas (Spanish Catholic Priest) Condemned the encomienda system Convinced the Spain to forbid Native American enslavement Native Americans became PEONS, workers forced to a landlord to pay off a debt Las Casas advocated for bringing Africans to the new world to replace Native American workers Demand for sugar products required workers
Exit Card How did economic development affect change in the Spanish New World?