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Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture? 

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Presentation on theme: "Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture? "— Presentation transcript:

1 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Compromise of 1850 (five main facts) 1. California was entered as a free state. 2. New Mexico and Utah were each allowed to use popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery. In other words, the people would pick whether the states would be free or slave.

2 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Compromise of 1850

3 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Compromise of 1850 (five main facts) 3. The Republic of Texas gave up lands that it claimed in present day New Mexico and received $10 million to pay its debt to Mexico. 4. The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia.

4 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Compromise of 1850 (five main facts) 5. The Fugitive Slave Act made any federal official who did not arrest a runaway slave liable to pay a fine. This was the most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850 and caused many abolitionists to increase their efforts against slavery.

5 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?

6  Kansas-Nebraska Act passed by congress in 1854 Effectively repealed the MO Compromise Allowed previously free and unorganized territories of KS and NE to choose whether or not to permit slavery by popular sovereignty

7 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Kansas-Nebraska Act Supporters of both sides raced to KS Eventually setting up rival governments Territory became known as “bleeding Kansas” Armed clashes between the two sides

8 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Kansas-Nebraska Act Sumner-Brooks incident Sumner (MA senator) denounced the Act on the senate floor Brooks (SC senator) approached Sumner said he was insulted b/c he was from the South and was related to one of the act’s authors Brooks beat Sumner with a heavy cane almost killing him

9 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Dred Scott Decision (1587)  Dred Scott, a slave in MO went with his owner into a free territory where he lived for 4 years  His owner later returned to MO, where he died  Scott sued for his freedom

10 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Dred Scott Decision (1587)  SCOTUS ruled that he had no right to sue because as a slave he was not a citizen  Also declared that a slave owner could not be deprived if is “property” without due process of law  Struck down the Missouri Compromise because it was a violation of the 5 th amendment

11 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Raid on Harper’s Ferry(1859)  Group of radical abolitionist led by John Brown  Attacked the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry  Planned to seize weapons and give them to slaves

12 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Raid on Harper’s Ferry(1859)  Plan failed when US troops under the command of Robert E Lee surrounded the arsenal and forced them to surrender  Brown was hanged  Many saw it as a sign that blood would have to be shed for the South to protect its way of life

13 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Create a wordle depicting the causes of the Civil War  Open a word document  Type in your own words the causes of the civil war from class notes and your reading of chapter 10  For example  Decide which causes you feel played the largest part in the war and copy and past these several times in the document  For example  To keep words in a phrase together: type ~ in between the words Located in upper left corner of keyboard

14 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Select then copy everything you have written on your word document  Go to Wordle, paste what you have copied into the space provided and click goWordle

15 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Here’s what your result will look like  With ~ between words in a phrase  You can change it by clicking on randomize

16 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Once you have the wordle the way you want it  Go to the start button in the lower left corner  Open the snipping tool  Go back to your wordle and snip a copy of the screen

17 Essential Question: How did the issue of slavery intensify the differences between the northern and southern economy, social structure, and culture?  Open power point and paste your wordle on a blank screen  Then find pictures that go with your wordle and “decorate” the slide  Play with the picture format button until you are satisfied with you slide  Lastly – print your slide


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