2 Setting the stage: Just like in Africa, European nations competed to carve up Southeast Asia mostly the Pacific Rim countries that border the Pacific Ocean.
3 I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim A. Dutch Expand Control 1. The lands of Southeast Asia were perfect for plantation agriculture: sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, rubber, coconuts, bananas, and pineapples
4 I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim A. Dutch Expand Control 2. The Dutch (Dutch East India Company), British, French and Germans controlled much of the lands
5 A. Dutch Expand Control3. The Dutch viewed the lands as their home whereas the British would return home and retire
6 A. Dutch Expand Control4. The Dutch made themselves the top of the social class and forced farmers to plant 1/5 of their land for export crops5. Controlled the whole island chain of Indonesia
7 I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B. British Take the Malayan Peninsula1. To compete with the Dutch the British made Singapore a harbor so that they could have a port for their ships traveling the India China sea routes
8 I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B. British Take the Malayan Peninsula2. The Suez canal and increased demand for tin and rubber made Singapore one of the worlds busiest ports
9 I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B. British Take the Malayan Peninsula3. British convinced Chinese to immigrate to Malaysia to work: the Malayans became a minority group in their own countrythere is still unresolved conflict between the two groups
10 C. French Control Indochina 1. Been in Southeast Asia since the 17th century and even helped the Nguyen dynasty rise to power
11 I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim C. French Control Indochina 2. Using direct control the French filled all important roles of government.when the French limited rice consumption for export, the Vietnamese created a resistance movement
12 II. Siam Remains Independent A. Siam Claims Neutrality 1. King Mongkut- prevented imperialism in Siam (present day Thailand) by building their infrastructure, education system, legal system, & ended slavery as a result they were able to avoid exploitation from European powers.
13 III. U. S. Imperialism in the Pacific Islands A III. U. S. Imperialism in the Pacific Islands A. The Philippines Change Hands1. The U.S. acquires the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam from Span. Am. War2. Some Americans felt that it was our destiny to become a world power ex. Imperialism
14 A. The Philippines Change Hands Emilio Aguinaldo lead the nationalist vs the U.S. but would later be defeated in 1902U.S had Filipinos produce cash crops for infrastructure (railroads, schools, roads, etc)
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