Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Southeast Asia Ch. 11 sec 5. Setting the stage: Just like in Africa, European nations competed to carve up Southeast Asia mostly the Pacific."— Presentation transcript:
Setting the stage: Just like in Africa, European nations competed to carve up Southeast Asia mostly the Pacific Rim countries that border the Pacific Ocean.
I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim A. Dutch Expand Control 1. The lands of Southeast Asia were perfect for plantation agriculture: sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, rubber, coconuts, bananas, and pineapples
I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim A. Dutch Expand Control 2. The Dutch (Dutch East India Company), British, French and Germans controlled much of the lands
A. Dutch Expand Control 3. The Dutch viewed the lands as their home whereas the British would return home and retire
A. Dutch Expand Control 4. The Dutch made themselves the top of the social class and forced farmers to plant 1/5 of their land for export crops 5. Controlled the whole island chain of Indonesia
I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B. British Take the Malayan Peninsula 1. To compete with the Dutch the British made Singapore a harbor so that they could have a port for their ships traveling the India China sea routes
I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B. British Take the Malayan Peninsula 2. The Suez canal and increased demand for tin and rubber made Singapore one of the worlds busiest ports
I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim B. British Take the Malayan Peninsula 3. British convinced Chinese to immigrate to Malaysia to work: the Malayans became a minority group in their own country – there is still unresolved conflict between the two groups
C. French Control Indochina 1. Been in Southeast Asia since the 17 th century and even helped the Nguyen dynasty rise to power
I. European Powers Invade the Pacific Rim C. French Control Indochina 2. Using direct control the French filled all important roles of government. – when the French limited rice consumption for export, the Vietnamese created a resistance movement
II. Siam Remains Independent A. Siam Claims Neutrality 1. King Mongkut- prevented imperialism in Siam (present day Thailand) by building their infrastructure, education system, legal system, & ended slavery as a result they were able to avoid exploitation from European powers.
III. U. S. Imperialism in the Pacific Islands A. The Philippines Change Hands 1. The U.S. acquires the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam from Span. Am. War 2. Some Americans felt that it was our destiny to become a world power ex. Imperialism
A. The Philippines Change Hands 1.Emilio Aguinaldo lead the nationalist vs the U.S. but would later be defeated in 1902 2.U.S had Filipinos produce cash crops for infrastructure (railroads, schools, roads, etc)