Presentation on theme: "By: Alex Basso. Usually when people think cyborg they think of The Million Dollar Man or Robocop. Essentially people think a cyborg is a being which is."— Presentation transcript:
Usually when people think cyborg they think of The Million Dollar Man or Robocop. Essentially people think a cyborg is a being which is half human and half robot. While this is not untrue it is not the full definition of a cyborg. In CYBORG RIGHTS by R.Clarke the definition of a cyborg is broken down into 2 sections: A) Prosthete: a human that has a prosthesis. B) Orthot: a human that uses an orthosis.
A prosthete is essentially a prosthetic that helps a human gain functionality that they previously did not have, or helps to bring a defective functionality up to par. A prosthete can also be broken down into 3 sections: Endo-Prothesis: Internal and integrated with the body; e.g. a pace maker. Exo-Prothesis: outside of the body but integrated with it; e.g. artificial limbs External Prothesis: this is separate from the body, but is still integrated with it; e.g. a cane.
An orthot is an item which is separate from the body, but which enhances a function. An orthot can be broken into two categories: External Orthosis: this is external to the body but is integrated with it; e.g. a microscope. Exo-Orthosis: this is on the outer extremity of the body, but integrated with it; e.g. an artificial limb that enhances the naturals limb performance (extra fingers).
Clarke, Roger. "IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE." Cyborg Rights (2011): 49-57. Ryerson Library. Web. 2 Oct. 2012.. Rick Hansen In His Wheel Chair. Digital image. Www.cbc.ca. CBC, 14 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Oct. 2012.. Screen Shot 021. Digital image. Http://www.deusex.com. Eidos Montreal, n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012..
Pre-Cyborg rights are the rights one has before they are a cyborg. Some of these rights include: The right to recive quality of life prosthtetics; e.g. hearing aids. The right to recive a matter of life and death prosthetics; e.g. pace makers The right to decline a prothesis or orthosis; e.g. a tracking chip. The right to claim on organizers of sporting events to enable the participation of cyborg athletes; e.g. wheel chair basket ball.
Some of the rights of some one who is a cyborg with a prosthete(s) are: The right to disconnect from a prosthete; e.g. take their artifical limb off or disconect from a life support system. The right to use any or all of the 3 different types of prosthete (exo, endo, and external) in facilities used by the public; e.g. a wheelchair on a boat. The right to claim on the organizers of sporting events to participate seperatly from able bodied athletes(and vise versa)
Some rights of a cyborg who has an orthot(s): The right to claim upon organizers of sporting events to participate with able-bodied athletes. The right to claim against others to use their enhanced capabilities, perhaps within only a certain context, or perhaps generally, and in some cases free from retributive justice; e.g. security personelle The right to observe, transmit, and record the behaviour of others; e.g. The EYEBORG
The rights that the Suppliers and Installers of prosthete’s and orthots have: The right to develop, research and install prosthete’s and orthots. The right to be free from imposed legal liabilites, except where neglagence is shown.
The responsibilites of the engeneering profession essentaily entail two main responsibilities: To construct new or update old environments to be cyborg friendly; e.g. Wheel chair ramps. To raise public awareness, on a national level, about cyborgs and what challenges need to be over come.