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Chapter 27 Exercise and Activity Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 27 Exercise and Activity Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 27 Exercise and Activity Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2 Exercise and Activity Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 2

3 Exercise and Activity (cont’d) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 3

4 Bedrest  Generally, bedrest is ordered to:  Reduce physical activity.  Reduce pain.  Encourage rest.  Regain strength.  Promote healing. Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 4

5 Bedrest Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 5

6 Bedrest (cont’d) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 6

7 Bedrest (cont’d) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of lsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 7

8 Supportive Devices Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 8

9 bedboard Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 9

10 footboard Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 10

11 Trochanter roll Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 11

12 Hip abduction wedge Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 12

13 Hand grip Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 13

14 Splint Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 14

15 Bed cradle Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 15

16 Bedrest (cont’d) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 16

17 Range-of-Motion Exercises Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 17

18 Ambulation (Walking) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 18

19 Orthostatic hypotension Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 19

20 Ambulation (Walking) (cont’d)  Walking aids support the body.  The need may be temporary or permanent.  The type ordered depends on the:  Person’s condition  Amount of support needed  Type of disability  Crutches are used when the person cannot use one leg or when one or both legs need to gain strength. Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 20

21 Ambulation (Walking) (cont’d)  The person on crutches is at risk for falls. Follow these safety measures:  Check the crutch tips.  Check crutches for flaws.  Tighten all bolts.  Make sure the person wears street shoes with flat, non-skid soles.  Make sure clothes fit well.  Practice safety rules to prevent falls.  Keep crutches within the person’s reach.  Know which crutch gait the person uses. Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 21

22 Ambulation (Walking) (cont’d) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 22

23 Walking with a cane Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 23

24 Walkers  A walker gives more support than a cane.  Wheeled walkers are common.  Baskets, pouches, and trays attach to the walker.  Some have seats so the patient can rest Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 24

25 Ambulation (Walking) (cont’d) Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 25

26 Braces Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 26


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