Presentation on theme: "Map and Environment! *Current eastern Oklahoma. eastern Cherokee western North Carolina Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory in Arkansas,"— Presentation transcript:
Map and Environment! *Current eastern Oklahoma. eastern Cherokee western North Carolina Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory in Arkansas, Georgia, and Alabama currently no federal recognition. It never got very cold Many large rivers *Previous southern Appalachian Mountain western North and South Carolina northern Georgia and Alabama southwest Virginia the Cumberland Basin of Tennessee Kentucky, and northern Alabama *Description
Religion/Myths and Legends 7 sacred directions *North - Blue *South - White *East - Red *West - Black *Sun - Yellow *Earth - Brown *Self - Green The Keetoowah's bible Myths *How The World Was Made *The First Fire *Legend of the Cherokee Rose
Language Language: Tsalagi Cherokee-- is an Iroquoian language 'speakers of another language’ spoken by approximately 10,000 people Many people, today, write Cherokee using the English alphabet and phonetics. *Hello O si yo *How are you? To hi tsu? *Okay Ho wa *Thank you Wa do *No Thla
Government and Social Classes The Seven Clans The Seven Clans are: Wolf Clan, Panther Clan, Long Hair Clan, Bird Clan Deer Clan, Bear Clan, Paint Clan Red government *Native American Chief White government *Caucasian Chief
Food crops of corn Beans, Squash Deer, Wild turkeys Small game Fish Cornbread Soup, Stews Sunflowers Fry bread
Shelter settled villages river cane and plaster thatched roofs strong and warm as log cabins larger seven-sided buildings for ceremonial purposes palisades (reinforced walls) around them for protection
Transportation Beginning long dugout canoes Dogs There were no horses Traveled most on foot Later Spanish bring over horses Start to become advanced Horses Wagons
History Trail of Tears Abandonment of Andrew Jackson Hernando De Soto and his party are the first whites seen by the Cherokees The first traders from the English settlements began trading among the Cherokees First treaty with whites (South Carolina) Smallpox eradicates 25% of the Cherokee Nation. Nancy Ward is born 1753-Smallpox epidemic.
Clothing breechcloths and leggings Moccasins tear dress porcupine roach tattoo art Barely any headresses Face paint War attire
Entertainment The Booger Dance *scare children to behave *chase women into forest *have a good time Green Corn Ceremony Stick ball game Very dangerous Many injuries Performed within tribes Festival dances games tribal meetings
Economy based on intensive agriculture Hunters, farmers, and gatherers The men hunted only what was needed to feed their families, but the women farmed enough food to last for at least two years.
War, Peace, Weapons, and Culture *The Battle of Horseshoe bend Frequent battling tribes Iroquois Chickasaw Creeks whitemen Culture Cherokee Stomp Dance The Old Cherokee Wedding The Game of Cornstalk Shooting Weapons Arrowheads Tomahawk
Gender Roles Basically equal but few differences MEN- Hunting, war, diplomacy Political decisions-tribes Chiefs WOMEN- Farming, property, family Decisions-clans Landowners Today, traditional Cherokee gender roles have diminished. Cherokee women can be chiefs also... and Cherokee men are sometimes farmers. However, modern Cherokee people still trace their clan relationships through their mothers.