Presentation on theme: "Home Safety Equipment, Education and Support. Home Safety Evaluation Have working phone Have emergency phone numbers posted next to phone including -"— Presentation transcript:
Home Safety Equipment, Education and Support
Home Safety Evaluation Have working phone Have emergency phone numbers posted next to phone including Have phone in the bedroom Smoke alarms and check the batteries monthly If you use walking aids, remove all loose carpets / throw rugs Make sure your exits from the home or apartment are clear from obstruction, corner tables, boxes, garbage, plants
Make sure you have a fire extinguisher and it is full Make sure all walking areas are clear from throw rugs, and have non-slip surfaces Keep stairs in good repair, hand rails are secure, no rotten wood, no missing steps Insure lighting is good to see, walk and perform your normal activities Keep home well ventilated in the summer and comfortable in the winter Contact your utility company if you have difficulty paying utility bills
Keep all medication labeled and safely stored Dispose of old medications, can take to pharmacy. Wash hands frequently – Better than Flu Shot Keep kitchen uncluttered and clean, don’t keep things near open flames or hot stoves. If you use oxygen keep fire department informed of where the spare tanks are. Oxygen tanks as well as fire extinguishers can explode in excessive heat Oxygen doesn’t “burn” but will help a fire burn better!
Keep home free from rodents and insects Keep electric space heaters at least 3 feet from walls or other items. Make sure it has an auto-off capacity Watch for floppy, loose fitting clothes they can drag across an open flame, get caught on something and cause a fall. If you smoke make sure you never do it in bed, and douse your cigarette with water before throwing them out
Insure you have running water, hot and cold for washing and toileting If you have wood burning fireplace make sure the chimney is cleaned at least every couple years and that the flue is open if using it Keep screen in front of the fireplace to prevent embers and fires Gas stove? Make sure it has an auto-pilot and be aware for the smell of gas
Always keep several “working” flashlights Have a battery powered radio Have batteries, for all sizes needed Have enough food and water around for a minimum of one week – Maybe more! Have an emergency plan written down Insure that DTE and Consumers knows if you are dependent on equipment requiring electricity
Throw away any contaminated medical supplies or equipment properly, Needles in a bleach bottle or laundry bottle Keep a list of medications and medical conditions handy for any emergency Insure you keep your “emergency number” of who to call on your cell phone listed as: “ICE” then the persons name. ICE= “In Case of Emergency”
Other Things to do! First off, you should never open the door for anyone unless you’re certain of who they are. Criminals are brazen and often ingenious. They can come up with all sorts of believable stories to get you to open the door and allow them into your home. Don’t be fooled. If someone claims to need help, volunteer to call the police, an ambulance, a tow truck, or whatever they need. But if you don’t know them, don’t let them in your house.
Instill this habit early in you children, and reinforce it constantly. They’re naturally trusting of adults, and criminals know this and will use it to their advantage. For this same reason, all doors that open to the outside should have a wide angle viewer, or “peephole”, installed. They’re not expensive, and usually only require a drill to install
If you’ve got a flimsy or worn out door, replace it with a heavier, stronger model as soon as possible. And don’t neglect the frame – locks are no stronger than the doors and frames they fit in. If you’ve got a door frame that’s weak, the door can easily be kicked in. The best locks for home safety are deadbolts, and every door on your house should have one. Other types of locks are just too weak, and don’t offer much protection.
Also keep your garage door closed as much as possible, and always be sure it’s closed when not in use. Never leave it open over night.
Your second line of personal safety defense in the home is your windows. Make sure they’re strong, the frames are in good shape, and they can be locked securely. If not, invest in newer, stronger models. Take particular notice of sliding glass doors. These are notoriously insecure. Make sure they have strong locks, and are wedged shut when not open. Make some wood jams to fit in your windows to insure they can’t be forced open.
Good outside lighting is essential, as criminals don’t like to be seen. Install motion activated lights around your house and driveway. At least keep your porch light on at night. A security system can also be an excellent investment. You’ll need to do some research to find the best one for your situation, and check with the local police for their policy on false alarms
More and more police departments are starting to charge homeowners for false alarm calls, and with a faulty system that can be costly. And always go with a well-known, reputable company who does background checks on their installers. You don’t want somebody installing a security system, then coming back and using his knowledge of your system to rob you. Never let anyone know your password.
These are the best things you can do to enhance your personal safety at home. They do cost money, but they’re worth it. And, as always, don’t let your security measures cause you to let down your guard. Always be aware – that’s the most important safety tip of all, no matter where you are
The Biggest Safety Issue Fall prevention for the elderly At least half of all falls happen at home. The aging population experiences falls that result in serious injuries, disability and even death. Maintaining home safety for the elderly starts by assessing your aging loved one, then the home environment it is an important part of elder health care. Here is a checklist of all the risk factors that apply to your aging loved one and your home. Circle the risk factors below that apply to your loved one. The more factors checked, the higher your risk for falling.
History of falling - 2 or more falls in last 6 months. Vision loss- If your loved one changes in their ability to detect or discriminate objects; you notice a decline in depth perception; or a decrease in their ability to recover from a sudden exposure to bright light or sun glare. Hearing loss- take notice to your loved one’s ability to hear. If they have decreased hearing it mat affect their response time to a potentially dangerous situation Foot pain or shoe problems – foot pain can affect walking and balance; neuropathies cause decreased sensation or feeling; sores on foot or ill fitting or badly worn shoes.
Medications- taking four or more medications; medications that may cause drowsiness, dizziness or low blood pressure. Balance problems- observe you loved ones ability to walk; a decline in balance; a decline in speed of walking; observe for weakness of lower extremities High or low blood pressure- Both of these conditions or the medications that treat them may cause unsteadiness. Identify Hazards inside your home Identify Hazards outside your home
Falls are the #1 fear of aging adults and the #1 independence robber The fear of falling is not unfounded. Falls are not an inevitable part of aging. The best thing you can do is learn how to prevent falls. More than one in three people age 65 years or older falls each year. The risk of falling increases with age and is greater for women than for men. Two-thirds of those who experience a fall will fall again within six months. A decrease in bone density contributes to falls and resulting injuries.
Failure to exercise regularly results in poor muscle tone, decreased strength, and loss of bone mass and flexibility. At least one-third of all falls in the elderly involve environmental hazards in the home. The most profound effect of falling is the loss of independent functioning. Twenty-five percent of those who fracture a hip require life-long nursing care. About 50 percent of the elderly who sustain a fall-related injury will be discharged to a nursing home rather than return home.
Most falls do not result in serious injury. However, there is often a psychological impact. Approximately 25 percent of community- dwelling people 75 or over unnecessarily restrict their activities because of fear of falling. There are proven strategies that can reduce your risk for falls and help you live a longer, healthier life. If you have issues of falling or fainting get an alert alarm system. “Help I’ve fallen and I can’t get up” - These should cost ~ $50 / month
Equipment that can Help Ambulatory Devices – Grab Bars – Canes – Walkers – Rollators – Wheelchairs – Hospital Beds – Patient Lifts – Bath Room Safety Devices
Grab Bars Be sure when installing the wall mounted bars that they are into studs, you may have to install a base board ** If not properly installed you may grab the bar and come down with part of the tile!!!
Canes Standard Cane Small based quad cane, also have large based Have various colors and handles
Walkers Side Stepper / Hemi Standard Walker Walker with Wheels
Rollators Rolling Walker With Seat, basket and brakes
Wheel Chairs With elevating leg rests Transport Chair With Foot Rests Light Weight Standard Hemi Racing Recline Back
Hospital Beds Low Rider Standard in home bed Various types of mattresses Home Hospital beds can be Manual Semi Electric Fully Electric Mattresses Standard Alternating Pressure Pad Low Air Loss Mattress * must qualify for
In Home Bed Accessories Floor based Trapeze Over bed table Bed attached Trapeze 1/2 Bed Side Rails Full Bed Side Rails
Patient Lifts Standard Lifts Hydraulic Lifts Electric Lifts In the corner room lifts Ceiling mounted home lifts Most of the time the rooms aren’t large enough to accommodate the use of the lift. Electric and mounted lifts are not covered by Medicare or most insurances.
Bath Room Safety Equipment Commode Chair Safety Frame This equipment is not covered by most traditional insurances
Raised Toilet Seat with Handles Raised Toilet Seat Shower Attachment This equipment is not usually covered by traditional insurances
Shower Chair Shower Bench Transfer Bench This type of equipment is not usually covered by insurances
Seating Three position chair Seat Lift Recliner This equipment may be covered at least in part by Medicare or other insurances.
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