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Plant Propagation Remember when you did this?. Now people do this.

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Presentation on theme: "Plant Propagation Remember when you did this?. Now people do this."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plant Propagation Remember when you did this?

2 Now people do this.

3 History of Propagation Ancient peoples Middle ages –Herbals Victorians

4 Sexual Propagation Flower parts

5 Seeds are Formed by… Pollination :The transfer of pollen from the anthers to the female stigma by a pollinating agent such as wind, insects, birds, bats, or in a few cases the opening of the flower itself.anthersstigma Fertilization: The fusion of two gametes (sperm and ovum) to produce a zygote that develops into a new individual with a genetic heritage derived from both parents.gametes zygote

6 Pollinators

7 Seeds- A packaged plant surrounded by endosperm (food) and protective seed coat Germination of a Bean Seed Check for seed viability!

8 Spores- A reproductive unit found on ferns, mosses, and mushrooms Sporangia in sori Underside of pinnae

9 Asexual or Vegetative Propagation Leaf Cuttings and Leaf-bud Cuttings Stem Cuttings Root Cuttings Division Layering –Tip Layering –Air Layering Grafting Bulbs, Corms, Rhizomes, Tubers, Stolons

10 Leaf Cuttings- Use only the leaf Vein cutting from leaf Remember Polarity or which way is up! Leaf Section Cutting African violet

11 Stem Cuttings- Use the stem and leaves or just the stem. Cuttings should be 6-10” long & between nodes Dibble, then place cutting in soil

12 Root, Cane Cuttings- Uses roots or shoots Stokesia Root Blackberry root Cane cutting

13 Bulbs- Specialized roots and stems Bulbs - Underground organ with scales and basal plate 1. Tunicate- onion, garlic, daffodil, tulip 2. Non-Tunicate- Lily

14 Corms- Specialized roots and stems Corms- Swollen base of stem axis- Solid- –Gladiolus, –Crocus Gladiolus corm with bulblets

15 Rhizomes, Tubers, Stolons Potato Tuber Stolon Dahlia tuber Iris rhizome

16 Division- To separate a clump into individual plants-Used for perennials and some houseplants Photos from Garden Gate Magazine Dig up Mother Plant Clean off root ball Separate roots to find individual plants and plant

17 Layering- Growing new plants while attached to the mother plant. They are later separated. Ground layering Air layering

18 Grafting and Budding- Used to attach one plant to the other for strength or variety Bud-grafting Whip Grafting

19 How can I propagate my bulbs? Tunicate Bulbs –Cuttage (8 Sections) –Scooping –Scoring –Coring –Sectioning (5-10) Non-tunicate Bulbs Bulb Scales

20 When to propagate Late spring and early summer= optimal growing time Depends on type of cutting Need to check resources for specific plants. Each one may have an optimal time Some seeds need to go through stratification or period of cold to break dormancy Some seeds need to be scarified or scratched

21 Propagation Environment Aerial Environment –Humidity –Light –Temperature –Air quality Growing Medium –Moisture level –Temperature –Aeration –pH –Nutrient level

22 Equipment and Hygiene- Keep everything clean so disease is not spread Pruning knife Hand cutters Watering Can Liners and Light Sterilize all tools with alcohol after use!

23 Soil Purpose of soil –Larger particles (sand) holds plant in place –Smaller particles hold water and nutrients Ingredients in soil –Vermiculite= Holds moisture –Perlite= Increases aeration –Peat=Moisten –Helps stop decomposition –Sand=Drainage –Sphagnum Moss= Holds water well, light in weight Recipes and proportions vary depending on plant!

24 When can I plant it? Gently tug on the cutting to see if your plant has developed a good root system Repot in larger pot if necessary

25 Have fun and enjoy your new plants!


27 What does propagate mean? Latin propagatus, past participle of propagare to set slips, propagate, from propages slip, offspring, pro- before + pangere to fasten Date: circa 1570

28 How Do Stem Cuttings Work? How roots develop –Response to wounding-dedifferentiation –Cells begin to divide –Callus begins to form –Certain cells begin to divide and initiate root development

29 How do leaf cuttings grow? Origins of roots and shoots varies –Embryonic cells are involved in meristematic activity Compounds trigger growth of roots and shoots Root apical meristematic tissue of onion Shoot apical meristematic tissue

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