Seeds are Formed by… Pollination :The transfer of pollen from the anthers to the female stigma by a pollinating agent such as wind, insects, birds, bats, or in a few cases the opening of the flower itself.anthersstigma Fertilization: The fusion of two gametes (sperm and ovum) to produce a zygote that develops into a new individual with a genetic heritage derived from both parents.gametes zygote
Division- To separate a clump into individual plants-Used for perennials and some houseplants Photos from Garden Gate Magazine Dig up Mother Plant Clean off root ball Separate roots to find individual plants and plant
Layering- Growing new plants while attached to the mother plant. They are later separated. Ground layering Air layering
Grafting and Budding- Used to attach one plant to the other for strength or variety Bud-grafting Whip Grafting
How can I propagate my bulbs? Tunicate Bulbs –Cuttage (8 Sections) –Scooping –Scoring –Coring –Sectioning (5-10) Non-tunicate Bulbs Bulb Scales
When to propagate Late spring and early summer= optimal growing time Depends on type of cutting Need to check resources for specific plants. Each one may have an optimal time Some seeds need to go through stratification or period of cold to break dormancy Some seeds need to be scarified or scratched
Equipment and Hygiene- Keep everything clean so disease is not spread Pruning knife Hand cutters Watering Can Liners and Light Sterilize all tools with alcohol after use!
Soil Purpose of soil –Larger particles (sand) holds plant in place –Smaller particles hold water and nutrients Ingredients in soil –Vermiculite= Holds moisture –Perlite= Increases aeration –Peat=Moisten –Helps stop decomposition –Sand=Drainage –Sphagnum Moss= Holds water well, light in weight Recipes and proportions vary depending on plant!
When can I plant it? Gently tug on the cutting to see if your plant has developed a good root system Repot in larger pot if necessary
What does propagate mean? Latin propagatus, past participle of propagare to set slips, propagate, from propages slip, offspring, pro- before + pangere to fasten Date: circa 1570
How Do Stem Cuttings Work? How roots develop –Response to wounding-dedifferentiation –Cells begin to divide –Callus begins to form –Certain cells begin to divide and initiate root development
How do leaf cuttings grow? Origins of roots and shoots varies –Embryonic cells are involved in meristematic activity Compounds trigger growth of roots and shoots Root apical meristematic tissue of onion Shoot apical meristematic tissue