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1 E NERGY : A B RAZILIAN T OOL TO DEVELOP A LOW CARBON ECONOMY.

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Presentation on theme: "1 E NERGY : A B RAZILIAN T OOL TO DEVELOP A LOW CARBON ECONOMY."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 E NERGY : A B RAZILIAN T OOL TO DEVELOP A LOW CARBON ECONOMY

2 INDEX B RAZIL E NERGY M IX GHG E MISSIONS R ENEWABILITY

3 B RAZIL E NERGY M IX

4 4 P OWER G ENERATION Itaipu Did You Know 82% Of Brazil´s Eletrical Power Generation Comes From Water?

5 E LECTRIC P OWER G ENERATION Source: Brazilian Energy Balance EPE/MME, Key World Energy Statistics IEA

6 6 E THANOL Sugarcane Ethanol Facility

7

8 C ARS AND L IGHT C OMMERCIAL V EHICLES F UEL C ONSUMPTION Source: ANP 2009, FIESP 2009

9 By Adding 10% of ethanol to the gasoline Reduces up to 7% of GHG emissions European Directive 2009/28/CE: promotes the use of energy from renewable sources. o Establishes a 10% target until 2020 for the transport sector. o Establishes that ethanol from sugarcane reduces 71% of greenhouse gases emissions when compared to gasoline. US Environmental Protection Agency – EPA 2010/February 2010 o The American Agency has designated sugarcane ethanol an advanced biofuel status, as it lowers GHG emissions up to 61%. E THANOL AND C LIMATE C HANGE

10 GHG E MISSIONS

11 World GHG emissions by sector in 2005 Source: World Resource Institute Waste Land use change and forestry Agriculture Energy Brazil GHG emissions by sector in 2005 Source: MCT, 2010 Land use change and forestry 12%

12 G HG E MISSIONS Energy sector participation in total emission in 2005 – energy production and use (%) Per capita emissions in energy sector (2005) - tCO 2 eq Source: IEA and EPE

13 TOP 10 EMITTING COUNTRIES FROM FUEL COMBUSTION IN 2008 The top 10 emmiting countries account for about two-thirds of the world CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in Source: IEA Top 10 total: 19.1 Gt CO 2 World total : 29.4 Gt CO 2

14 R ENEWABILITY

15 Biomass - 10% Other – 1% Biofuel – 0% Hydro - 2% Biomass - 12% Sugar Cane Products– 16% Other – 3% Hydro - 15% WORLD 12,013 MMTEPs BRAZIL 238 MMTEPs 2007 P RIMARY ENERGY DEMAND BY FUEL TYPE Non Renewable Renewable Non Renewable 2030 Renewable Biomass - 9% Other – 2% Biofuel – 1% Hydro – 2% Non Renewable Renewable Other - 9% Hydro – 13% Sugar Cane Products – 18% Biomass - 6% BRAZIL 558 MMTEPsWORLD 16,789 MMTEPs Source: EPE and IEA

16 H ISTORICAL E VOLUTION IN A MERICAS AND C ARIBBEAN Source: Olade, 2010 RENEWABLE NO RENEWABLE RENEWABILITY Kbep

17 R ENEWABLE E NERGY P OTENTIAL IN L ATIN A MERICA MMBEP U SED : Hydroelectricity: 22% Other: 4,2% Source: Olade

18 FINAL REMARKS o Brazil’s success with ethanol offers an opportunity to reduce global emissions by increasing ethanol exports; o More emphasis on Regional Energy Integration Policy; o Increase the share of renewable sources.

19 19 CAROLINA LEMBO INTERNATIONAL ENERGY MARKET COORDINATOR Paulista Avenue, 6th Floor São Paulo, Brazil


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