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Colorado Agriscience Curriculum Unit 4 – Reproduction and Genetics Lesson 16 – Artificial Insemination 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Colorado Agriscience Curriculum Unit 4 – Reproduction and Genetics Lesson 16 – Artificial Insemination 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Colorado Agriscience Curriculum Unit 4 – Reproduction and Genetics Lesson 16 – Artificial Insemination 1

2 2 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Semen Collecting and Processing 1. Artificial Vagina – Used to collect semen in bulls, stallions, rams and buck goats. 1. Artificial Vagina – Used to collect semen in bulls, stallions, rams and buck goats. 2. Collection – Semen is actually collected by having the male mount an estrous female or by training them to mount another animal. 2. Collection – Semen is actually collected by having the male mount an estrous female or by training them to mount another animal. For example in cattle, steers are often times used for the bulls to mount. For example in cattle, steers are often times used for the bulls to mount. Semen from boars is not done with an artificial vagina. Semen from boars is not done with an artificial vagina. It is done by applying pressure to the extended penis with a gloved hand as the animal mounts another animal or object. It is done by applying pressure to the extended penis with a gloved hand as the animal mounts another animal or object. 3. Electro ejaculator – This is used to collect semen from bulls and rams that are hard to stimulate or don’t have semen collected often. A probe is inserted into the rectum and an electrical shock causes ejaculation.

3 3 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Semen Collecting and Processing 4. Evaluation – Once collected semen is evaluated for volume, sperm concentration, motility of the sperm, and sperm abnormalities. 4. Evaluation – Once collected semen is evaluated for volume, sperm concentration, motility of the sperm, and sperm abnormalities. 5. Processing – Once evaluated, sperm is mixed with extender to decrease the concentration. Only 10 million sperm are needed per straw. Many straws can be made from one ejaculate. The extender is made from nutrient-rich milk or egg yolk, a buffer, antibiotics and glycerol. 5. Processing – Once evaluated, sperm is mixed with extender to decrease the concentration. Only 10 million sperm are needed per straw. Many straws can be made from one ejaculate. The extender is made from nutrient-rich milk or egg yolk, a buffer, antibiotics and glycerol. 6. Storage – Some semen is used fresh; however, it can only be used this way for a couple of days. Most semen is frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored indefinitely. Some species’ semen cannot be stored in liquid nitrogen, though. 6. Storage – Some semen is used fresh; however, it can only be used this way for a couple of days. Most semen is frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored indefinitely. Some species’ semen cannot be stored in liquid nitrogen, though.

4 4 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Signs of estrus in different species of animals Signs of estrus in cattle –The best sign of estrus is standing heat. Standing heat is when the female stands still to be ridden by a male or another female. Secondary signs of estrus are restlessness, attempting to mount other cows, and a clear, mucous discharge from the vagina. Signs of estrus in cattle –The best sign of estrus is standing heat. Standing heat is when the female stands still to be ridden by a male or another female. Secondary signs of estrus are restlessness, attempting to mount other cows, and a clear, mucous discharge from the vagina. Signs of estrus in sheep and goats – Is checked by using sterilized males with marking devices. Signs of estrus in sheep and goats – Is checked by using sterilized males with marking devices. Signs of estrus in gilts and sows – Swine in heat assume a rigid stance when hands are placed on their back. Signs of estrus in gilts and sows – Swine in heat assume a rigid stance when hands are placed on their back. Signs of estrus in mares – Elevation of the tail, frequent urination, and contraction of vulva. Signs of estrus in mares – Elevation of the tail, frequent urination, and contraction of vulva.

5 5 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Proper timing of insemination in several different species of animals. Cows – 12 hours after standing heat. Cows – 12 hours after standing heat. Goats – hours after the beginning of estrus. Goats – hours after the beginning of estrus. Sows and Gilts – At the end of the first day and beginning of the second day of estrus. Sows and Gilts – At the end of the first day and beginning of the second day of estrus. (A.S.Repro.11.T.M.C)

6 6 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page In the next slides, try to guess what the pictures are In the next slides, try to guess what the pictures are After you guess what the pictures are, then guess what their importance is. After you guess what the pictures are, then guess what their importance is. (A.S.Repro.11.T.M.D)

7 7 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page A.I. Box This is important because it can carry most of the equipment needed to A.I. a cow or heifer. It is also a handy way to keep all of your equipment organized and somewhat clean. Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click

8 8 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Paper Towels Paper towels are used to keep things clean After the semen comes out of the cito thaw, you use paper towels to wipe off the water because water kills semen You use the paper towels to put over the end of the A.I. Rod so that no dirt gets into the straw of semen

9 9 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Safety Glasses Used to protect your eyes when: you are around the liquid nitrogen you are thawing the semen because a straw may explode in your eyes

10 10 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Cotton Glove A cotton glove is used to protect your hand when you get the semen out of the liquid nitrogen refrigerator

11 11 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation Cito Cutter Used to cut the melted end of the straw off It gives you a square cut so that you can seed the straw more secure into the sheath When you are ready for the answer please click

12 12 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Tweezers It is an easier way to get the straws out of the goblets and it also makes it quicker

13 13 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Shoulder Length Glove A shoulder length glove is important to keep your hands clean. Protects the cow from some infection and diseases. Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click

14 14 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click Lube Put this on your shoulder length glove to make it easier to insert your hand into the cow or heifers rectum

15 15 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click Used to thaw semen Make sure that the water is between 94 and 98 degrees F Cito Thaw

16 16 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Thaw Monitor shows the water temperature inside the cito thaw The ideal water temperature is 96 degrees F. You may safely thaw the semen between 94 and 98 degrees F.

17 17 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page A.I. Rod This equipment is used to implant the semen into the cow or heifer. Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click

18 18 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Sheath Snap the straw of semen into the sheath at this end Leave the straw sticking out for about 1 inch The sheath then goes over the A.I. Rod for cleanliness

19 19 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click Semen Straws These straws contain valuable semen.

20 20 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click Before they started putting semen in straws, semen was packaged in ampules. Ampules

21 21 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click These are different canes and goblets This is a ampules cane There are individual spots for the ampules to go on an ampules cane. This is a goblet This is a cane This is the cane with built in goblets A cane and goblet help keep the ampuless and the straw organized. They also keep the straw from falling into the bottom of the liquid nitrogen refrigerator (A.S.Repro.11.T.M.S)

22 22 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Please wait for the animation When you are ready for the answer please click This is the last thing that you need The Liquid Nitrogen Refrigerator This refrigerator contains all of your valuable semen that you need to A.I. your cow or heifer This bottle also contains liquid nitrogen Never set the refrigerator directly on a cement floor; always have cardboard or carpet under it because the cement wears away the shell of the tank.

23 23 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Assessment Slide

24 24 Unit 4, Lesson 16 - Artificial Insemination Part I, Page Assessment Slide


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