Presentation on theme: "Caddo Native Americans"— Presentation transcript:
1Caddo Native Americans The Caddos were farmers who lived in East Texas. There were two main groups of the Caddos in Texas.
2Caddo RegionThe Caddo lived in east Texas in the piney forests. (Piney Woods)This is a good climate for farming. There are many springs, creeks, streams and several large rivers in this area.
3Caddo TradeBows and arrows were the favorite weapon for hunting and for war. The bois de arc only grows in this region, so the Caddo had all the bois de arc wood.They made bows to trade with other Indian tribes
4Caddo Trade The women made pottery to use and for trade. The Caddo also traded some of their crops for things they needed.
5Caddo ShelterThe Caddo lived in tall cone shaped grass huts. To build a hut, they made a wood frame and covered it with cut cane and long grasses.
6Caddo ShelterThese huts were nicely furnished inside with furniture and were quite comfortable.The inside of the huts had woven grass and split cane mats on the floors. These same mats were hung up as partitions inside the hut. Often several families would live in one hut.
7Caddo Shelter The summer house had no sides on it, only a roof. The floor was raised up off the ground and was made of woven cane or split wood. This helped keep it cooler.
8Caddo FoodThey were farmers. They planted crops in large clearings in the woods. They raised corn, beans and squash. They also hunted the deer, turkey, rabbits, squirrels and other animals in the pine woods around them.
9Caddo FoodThe women would gather wild plant food like acorns, black berries, persimmons, roots and many other plants and fruits. But, farming corn, beans, and squash provided the main source of food.
10Caddo ToolsBecause they lived in the woods they used wood for many things.To cut down trees they used stone axes.
11Caddo Quiz Name 1 fact about their region. Name 2 facts on what they traded.Name 2 facts on how they kept shelter.Name 2 facts on what they ate (food).Name 1 fact on their tools.