Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Weapon Training Basics

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Weapon Training Basics"— Presentation transcript:

1 Weapon Training Basics
Safety Knowledge Practice For Judges 3/19/2009 Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the NRA training template “First Steps Pistol #2” This should only be used in conjunction with a certified firearms instructor and is an outline only. Also: CLICK here for judicialsecuritypa.com

2 NEVER POINT A GUN AT ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY
This is a Gun NEVER POINT A GUN AT ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY Hammerless Hammer BARREL BARREL Bullet comes out here TRIGGER Keep finger off TRIGGER TRIGGER Keep Finger off GRIP Hold firmly GRIP Hold firmly

3 Revolver Parts Frame Barrel Action Grip panels Trigger Hammer
Back strap Trigger guard Rear sight Barrel Bore Rifling Muzzle Front sight Action Trigger Hammer Cylinder Chamber Cylinder release latch (Loading gate) (Ejector rod) To View Animation CLICK below or paste to browser Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated Revolver

4 Pistol Parts Semi-automatics
Frame Safety Slide lock (De-cocker) Grip panels Back strap Trigger guard Barrel Bore Chamber Rifling Muzzle Action Hammer Slide Sights Ejection port Magazine Magazine release Trigger To View Animation CLICK below or paste in browser Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated Glock

5 Shotgun & Rifle Parts Barrel Slide Stock Rear sight Comb Grip
Magazine Grip Front sight Ejection port Stock Trigger

6 K. I. S. S. Keep It Simple & Safe

7 SAFETY FIRST Treat every gun as if it were loaded.
Be sure of your target and what is beyond it. Never point a gun at anything you are not willing to destroy. Keep your finger off the trigger until the gun is lined up on target. These are the BASIC RULES

8 Gun Safety Rules NRA Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it.

9 GUNS DESTROY Negligent Discharges Kill One Mistake With a Gun
Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger One Mistake With a Gun May Be Your Last Stay Focused On SAFETY Guns use a controlled explosion that you hold in your hand. Once the bullet leaves the barrel you can not get it back.

10 Negligent Discharge Is Not an Accident
I thought it was empty I was picking it up I dropped it on the ground I pulled it from my holster I was putting it back I was under stress I was cleaning it Keep Your Finger Off the Trigger

11 Other Safety Rules Be sure the gun is safe to operate
Know how to use the gun safely Use only the correct ammunition Know your target and what is beyond it Wear hearing and eye protection Never use alcohol or drugs before or while shooting Store guns so they are not accessible to children or unauthorized persons

12 Hand Gun Operation SAFETY FIRST Loading Cocking Uncocking Unloading

13 Revolver Unloaded Open the cylinder and push the extractor rod in
Keep pushing to extract all cartridges Revolver unloading complete

14 Semi-Auto Pistol Unloaded
Point gun in safe direction. Press magazine release button to remove magazine. Pull slide fully to rear to eject any cartridge remaining in chamber. While holding slide in rearward (open) position, carefully inspect chamber making sure it is empty. Slowly release slide, allowing it to return to forward position. Click Here for Video Clip

15 Ammunition & Fundamentals
Proper Ammo Malfunctions Hand/eye choice Fundamentals

16 Ammunition Make sure you have the correct ammunition!
CHECK MARKINGS Barrel or Slide Cartridge Case Box of Ammo ALL 3 MUST BE MARKED FOR SAME AMMO Failure to use ammunition designed for the gun can result in serious injury or death

17 Ammunition Potential ammunition malfunctions
Misfire – not go off Hangfire - delayed THE CARTRIDGE 1. Primer 2. Powder 3. Case 4. Bullet

18 Ammunition Potential ammunition malfunctions
Squib Load Bullet stuck in barrel Next Shot = Gun Explosion Injury to You

19 Pistol Explosion semi-automatic

20 Revolver Explosion

21 Shooting Fundamentals Physical Characteristics
Dominant eye? Right or Left Shooting hand? The opposite strengths problem

22 Which Eye is Dominant Poke a small hole in a piece of paper
Hold paper up with both hands with arms fully extended. View a object/target through the hole. Close one of your eyes, If what you are looking at disappears, the other eye is dominate, if it is still there then that eye is dominate.

23 Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals
Position Standing or Sitting Grip (fit) Hold Tight Sight Alignment Breath Control Trigger Squeeze Follow Through

24 Shooting Fundamentals 1. Position – Stance
Consistency Balance Support NPA (Natural Point of Aim) Comfort

25 Shooting Fundamentals 2. Grip
- “V” high on the backstrap - Lower three fingers wrap & hold - Thumb & middle finger touch Wrap the four fingers of weak hand around lower three fingers of the strong hand - Thumbs on the same side of the pistol

26 Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment

27 Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment
Target, front sight and rear sight aligned “Six o’clock” hold, or “center of mass” hold

28 Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment
Focus is on the… front sight

29 Shooting Fundamentals 4. Breath Control
Body movement affects the shot So… quiet yourself Breathing requires muscle movement So… shoot between breaths Breathe out part way, hold, and shoot Don’t hold your breath too long or muscle tremors will create movement and disrupt the shot

30 Shooting Fundamentals 5. Trigger Squeeze/Press
Don’t “Pull” the trigger “SQUEEZE” the trigger or “PRESS” the trigger Gradually increasing pressure until the mechanism releases SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots

31 Shooting Fundamentals 6. Follow Through
Bring the gun back on target Ready for a second or third shot Keep your eyes open BE AWARE

32 Selection The Best for You
Safety First Guns Ammunition Holsters Tactics Resources For Judges 3/19/2009 Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the NRA training template “First Steps Pistol #2” This should only be used in conjunction with a certified firearms instructor and is an outline only. Click on Link judicialsecuritypa.com This slide show is to help the individual in the selection of a weapon, ammo and holster that will work for that individual.

33 You are Unique Quality Options Quality Equipment Will Work for You
& Quality Equipment Properly Chosen Will Work for You

34 Which Hammer is Best Depends on The Job & Your Ability

35 Which Gun is Best When Under Attack The Gun In Your Hand
You will not have time to run home and select the ideal gun for the situation confronting you. American Express - Don’t leave home without it.

36 SAFE Must Be Safe For You Gun and Ammo Your Life Depends on It
There can be no compromise with safety

37 EASY TO USE Must Be Easy For You Gun and Ammo Your Life Depends on It
Easy for someone else may not be easy for you

38 RELIABLE Must Be 100% Reliable Gun and Ammo Your Life Depends on It
Carry guns should be test fired at least 100 times with no failures before they are considered reliable

39 Mind Set Be Alert See the Threat Stop the Threat
Your Life Depends on It The most important means of surviving a lethal confrontation is neither the weapon nor the martial skills. The primary tool is the combat mindset, set forth in Principles of Personal Defense Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper

40 Your Level of Alert The Color Code
Military has 4 colors [Color Code Details Click Here] Civilian L.E. has 5 colors White = Unprepared Yellow = Relaxed Alertness Orange = Unspecified Alert  Red = Armed Encounter Black = Lethal Assault - Must Shoot.

41 Knowledge "Be careful around the man who owns only one gun - He probably knows how to use it!" Anon.

42 It’s All About You Your - Use for the Gun Your - Abilities
Your - Limitations Your - Comfort Level Your - Gun’s Safety Features

43 YOUR ABILITIES Are You Mechanically Inclined What is Your Dexterity
How Often Will You Practice Practice – For Real Life Scenarios

44 What Size Are You

45 SIZE MATTERS How Big Are You How Strong Are You What Size is the Gun
******** What Size is the Gun Too Big or Too Small How big or small are your hands. Are you stocky or slight. Hold a number of different guns for fit. Test fire them.

46 Good Choices Revolver (Best for All Around Use)
2” – 6” Barrel Chambered for or Special Loaded with JHP gr gr. Pistol (More Experience Required) 3” – 5” Barrel Chambered for 9MM or S&W Loaded with JHP gr gr. Shotgun (At Home – Trunk of Car) 18” – 20” Barrel Chambered for 12 Gauge Loaded with 00 Buck Shot

47 Revolver Easy to Carry Concealable Simple To Use 5 to 7 Shots
38 Special Snub Nose Easy to Carry Concealable Simple To Use 5 to 7 Shots Slower Reload Short Range [Click on Link] 357 Magnum 4 Inch Barrel A great first choice. A good first gun. From beginners to the expert, revolvers work well. Inherent Safe Design Double Action Trigger Heavier Trigger Pull

48 Pistol Semi -Auto Easy to Carry Concealable 7 to 19 Shots
More Complicated 7 to 19 Shots Faster Reload Short Range 9MM [Click on Link] 40 S&W More experience is required. More concentration to detail. Many variations on the theme. 45 ACP May or May Not Have: External Safety Single Action Trigger Double Action Trigger Decocker

49 Shotgun Good for Home Defense Devastating Damage Easy to use
Pump Action 12 Gauge 00 Buck Shot Good for Home Defense Devastating Damage Easy to use 3 to 8 Shots Devastating Power Medium Range This is a work horse and has many applications and loading options. Good Safety Features External Safety Shell Ejector The Slide Action Reliable [Click on Link] 12 Gauge Pump

50 Tactical Rifle Semi-Auto Great Damage Collapsing Stock
.223 Cal x45mm NATO 55 gr. Hollow Point Great Damage Collapsing Stock More Complicated 10 to 30 Shots Medium Power Long Range Good Safety Features External Safety Cartridge Ejector Detachable Magazine Wide range of use. From target practice to hunting to taking on multiple attackers. When going to a gun fight take a rifle. Better yet, take a couple of friends with rifles. [Click on Link] AR - 15 “The rifle is for serious work” Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper

51 Hunting Rifle Pump Action Extreme Penetration Devastating Damage
30 Cal 150 gr. Hollow Point Extreme Penetration Devastating Damage Easy to use 3 to 5 Shots Very High Power Long Range Good Safety Features External Safety Cartridge Ejector Detachable Magazine Primarily used for game hunting.

52 Buy Quality Beretta Browning Colt Glock Heckler & Koch Kimber Kahr
Mossberg Remington Ruger Sig Sauer Smith & Wesson Springfield Armory Taurus Walther Winchester Not exhaustive list To See on Line Selection Site [Click Here]

53 Video Clips Guns in Action
38 Snub Nose 9MM 40 S&W 357 Magnum 45 ACP 12 Gauge Pump [CLICK ON LINKS] To see these guns in action

54 The Mouse Guns Pocket Pistols
Any Gun Less Than 9MM Such As Small - Weak - Light But: “They Cause Leaks” - Walt Rauch

55 Mouse Guns Too Small ? 22 Derringer Only Two Shots
32 ACP Marginal Pocket Pistol 380 ACP Better Pocket Pistol [Click on Links] But They Can Kill

56 Big Magnums Too Large ? 44 Magnum 500 S&W Big Bore Rifles Kicks Hard
Kicks Harder Defense Against Grizzly Bears [Click on Links] Big Bore Rifles Can Knock You Over

57 Ammunition Make sure you have the correct ammunition!
CHECK MARKINGS Barrel or Slide Cartridge Case Box of Ammo ALL 3 MUST BE MARKED FOR SAME AMMO Failure to use ammunition designed for the gun can result in serious injury or death

58 Types of Ammunition Rifle Cartridge Pistol Cartridge Shotgun Shell

59 Ammunition Parts THE CARTRIDGE 1. Primer 2. Powder 3. Case 4. Bullet

60 The Bullet 1 - metal jacket 2 - lead 3 - hollow point
JHP - Jacketed Hollow Point                                                                                 1 - metal jacket 2 - lead 3 - hollow point

61 Hand Gun Ammo JHP Remington Golden Saber
.380 Auto grs = ft/lbs .38 Special grs = ft/lbs .38 Special +P 125 grs = ft/lbs 9MM grs = ft/lbs .45 ACP grs = ft/lbs 9MM +P grs = ft/lbs .40 S&W grs = ft/lbs .45 ACP +P grs = ft/lbs .357 Magnum grs = ft/lbs +P = Extra Pressure Use Only in Modern Guns Produces Extra Recoil - Kick

62 Ammo for Carry Quality Factory Ammo Only Your Life is on The Line
Do Not Skimp on Quality Quality Factory Ammo Only HST Hollow Point (Best) Golden Saber (Very Good) Gold Dot (Very Good) COR BON (Good) Hydra-Shok (Good) [Click on Link]

63 Ammo For Practice Ammo with Same Ballistics Police Practice
With Carry Ammo If Jacketed Hollow Points are Too Expensive for Practice then Use: Ammo with Same Ballistics Same Weight Bullet Same Velocity

64 Shotgun Shells 00 Buck Shot Slugs 9 to 12 – Balls 30 Yard Range
One - Heavy Projectile 100+ Yard Range Bird Shot 100s - Small Pellets Not Recommended

65 Rifle Ammo Devastating Power 300 + Yard Range Goes Through Walls
Note: Cal gr. or less Considered a good home defense load Does not over penetrate 50 BMG, 30-06, x39, .223, .22LR

66 Stopping Power Bullet Placement Depth of Penetration Multiple Hits
Vital Organs - Arteries - Brain Depth of Penetration 12+ Inches of Flesh Multiple Hits Keep shooting until the threat is stopped Practice Multiple Shots – Center Mass

67 How Much Ammo "You'll never leave a gunfight wishing you had brought LESS ammunition." Anon. Carry With You A spare speed loader - Revolver A spare magazine - Pistol

68 Bullet in Chamber ? Conditions 1 & 2
Revolvers Yes - Fully Loaded Modern Revolvers are Safe Older Revolvers - No Hammer Block Pistols – Shotguns - Rifles Depends on Many Factors Manuel Safety? Yes - No Features of Gun Your Training Your Comfort Level Perhaps Suggested Article [Click on Link]

69 Locked and Cocked ? Condition Zero: Condition One: Condition Two:
A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety off Condition One: A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety on Condition Two: A round chambered, hammer down Condition Three: Chamber empty Condition Four: Chamber empty, no magazine Explain pros and cons

70 Sights & Lasers White Outline Glow in the Dark
Helps with Aim Glow in the Dark Trijicon [Click on Link] Greater Accuracy in Low Light Laser Beam - Projects a Red Dot Grip Mount [Click on Link] Barrel Mount - [Click on Link]

71 Bright Flash Light Illuminates Target & Blinds Attacker
Using Gun Lights [Click on Link] By Walt Rauch Mount on Gun [Click on Link]

72 Holsters Secure Safe Comfortable Keeps You in Possession
No Accidentally Discharge Comfortable So You Will Carry it

73 Holsters & Gun Bags Retention of Gun is Critical Dozens of Options
Very Personal Choice Do Not Skimp on Quality You Will End up With Many

74 Purse Holsters Slide Holster Fanny Pack Inside The Pants
Strap and Lock Pocket Holsters Paddle Shoulder Rig Small of Back Belt Loop High Rider

75 Considerations Retention Comfort Ease of Access
Time to Draw and Re-Holster Concealment Level Clothing to be Worn Durability

76 Holster Sites Bianchi DeSantis Galco Safariland Uncle Mikes
Concealed Carry Vests U.S.C.C.A. U.S. Concealed Carry Assoc [Click on Link]

77 STAY IN CONTROL OF YOURSELF
Average Gun Fight BE AWARE - BE PREPARED Onset Fast You will be the one surprised by the attack Duration Seconds First solid hit usually wins Distance Close Less than 20’ - Distance is your friend Shots Fired Few Practice multiple shots Lighting Poor Light Practice in low light also STAY IN CONTROL OF YOURSELF FBI stats may be meaningless to your situation – based on Officer Killed study

78 Survivability Be Aware Gives You Time To Act Quickly
Ready Your Weapon Draw Your Gun Move to Cover Something Solid State of Mind Willing to Shoot Stop the Threat Shooting Center Mass Stay Alert Don’t Let Your Guard Down

79 What Really Happens Read This Article - [Click on Link]
Tactics & Training What Really Happens In A Gunfight? The conclusions from twenty-five years of lethal force investigation. By Dave Spaulding

80 Carjacker Attack If he says: Get out of the car!
Let him have the car - Everyone Out If he says: Move over! He intends to kill you – Fight or Flight Defeating the Carjacker [Click on Link]

81 Attack At Home Move Quickly to a Safe Room Close and Lock Door
Seek Cover Ready Your Weapon – Point at Door Dial 911 Yell I Have a Gun Get Out I called Police Personal Protection Inside the Home DVD [Click Here]

82 Self Defense A Good Book
Real-World SURVIVAL! What Has Worked For Me By Walt Rauch US Secret Service US Army Intelligence [Click Here To See]

83 Self Defense A Good Book
IN THE GRAVEST EXTREME By Mass Ayoob “Master Instructor” “Law Enforcement Guru” If You Shoot Someone Your Life Will Change Forever [Click Here To See]

84 Self Defense Good - Books
Basics of Personal Protection in the Home – Book [Click Here] Personal Protection Outside the Home - Book [Click Here]

85 More Information More Detailed Information What you need to know about
GUNS and AMMUNITION “Ammo & Ballistics” [Click Here]

86 Additional Training NRA Basic Pistol Shooting Course
NRA Personal Protection Course Competitive shooting (IPSC, IDPA, SASS, etc.) Smith & Wesson Training Sheriff’s Department [Click on Link] [Click on Link]


Download ppt "Weapon Training Basics"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google