Presentation on theme: "THE HEADS-UP ON HELMETS Understanding helmet safety."— Presentation transcript:
THE HEADS-UP ON HELMETS Understanding helmet safety
OBJECTIVES To understand that most traumatic brain injuries are predictable and preventable. To identify situations requiring the use of a helmet. To correctly fit a helmet. To encourage helmet use.
HEAD AND TBI FACTS Each year there are 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries (TBI’s) in the U.S. About 300,000 of these individuals suffer sports related brain injuries annually. Up to 90,000 of the people having experienced a traumatic brain injury have long-term or lifelong disabilities. About $76.5 billion dollars is spent in treatment related to these injuries. More than 50,000 individuals die from TBI. (CDC)
HEAD AND TBI INVOLVING CHILDREN In children 0-14 years of age, traumatic brain injury results yearly in the United States in an estimated: -435,000 emergency dept. visits. -35,136 are hospitalized. -52,174 die. (CDC)
WHY WEAR A HELMET? The skull is less than a ¼ inch thick. You do not need to be going fast or falling far to injure your brain. Children riding a tricycle should wear a helmet. Bicycles are not toys, and should be considered a child’s first vehicle.
PREVENTION Injuries are prevented by: Consistent use. Correct use of helmets.
PREVENTION AND PREDICTABILITY Riders usually fall off bikes to the side or are thrown over the handle bars. Most riders on scooters and skateboards fall backwards. A helmet cannot prevent a bike crash or fall, but it can save a child’s life and prevent permanent brain injury including concussions.
SYMPTOMS OF CONCUSSIONS Thinking/ Remembering Difficulty thinking clearly Feeling slowed down Difficulty concentrating Difficulty remembering new information PhysicalHeadache, Fuzzy or blurry vision Nausea or vomiting (early on) Dizziness Sensitivity to noise or light Balance problems Feeling tired, having no energy Emotional/ Mood IrritabilitySadnessMore emotional Nervousness or anxiety SleepSleeping more than usual Sleep less than usual Trouble falling asleep
WHEN TO WEAR A HELMET… You should wear a helmet when: – Biking – Roller Blading – Skateboarding – Using a Scooter – Horseback Riding – Rock Climbing – ATV/ Motorcycle Riding – Engaging in other sports
“ We are what we repeatedly do, excellence, then is not an act, but a habit”. Aristotle Begin the helmet habit with a child’s first Big Wheel or tricycle.
HELMET HEAD IS HIP Wear a helmet yourself. Make it part of your routine. Reward a child for wearing a helmet. Insist a helmet be worn for every ride. Allow children to choose their own helmet color and design.
PICKING OUT A HELMET Meets U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission standards for performance Determine the size needed – Toddler – Child – Youth – Adult It should have a smooth and undamaged outer surface.
CORRECT WAY TO WEAR HELMET The helmet should be worn level and approximately 1 inch above the eyebrows. The helmet should touch the head all the way around. If necessary move ponytails low and out of the way. When properly fit, a helmet should not move from side to side.
ADJUSTING THE STRAPS: Adjust the rear strap first, making it smooth and snug. Do the same with the front strap. Have both straps meet just below the ear in a “Y.”
WHAT IT SHOULD LOOK LIKE Correct Wrong
MAKE SURE IT FITS!!! Adjust the chinstrap last making it snug, allowing only one finger between the strap and chin. (should be able to eat and drink without feeling of being pinched or choked) Twist the helmet to the left and right. The helmet should not move freely. If the helmet still cannot be fitted following the above instructions, replace it with a different sized helmet.
WHEN TO REPLACE HELMET Replace helmets every 5 years. Replace helmet after any crash where there is head contact. Replace damaged helmets.
MAINTAINING YOUR HELMET Wipe interior of helmets clean between users. Do not use the following on the inside of the helmet. – detergents – cleaning chemicals – sanitizers
SUMMING IT UP Injury to the head can cause life-long disabilities or death. Wearing a bike helmet reduces a child’s risk of serious brain injury by 88%. Know what activities require helmet use. Encourage helmet use and help build a safety habit that lasts a life time. Use only helmets approved by CPSC (U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission) and follow replacement guidelines. Fit helmet properly. Properly maintain your helmet.
“We want to make wearing a helmet a habit, just like wearing a seat belt in a car.” Robert, Spetzler, MD Director of Barrow Neurological
RESOURCES Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center Caring for Our Children Center for Disease Control Helmet Your Head Phoenix Children’s Hospital Seattle Children’s Hospital