Respect Your BVM 1. Delivers 100% O 2 2. Every Engine has one 3. Your very own CPAP 4. 1600ml of 0 2 at your finger tips 5. EMT + BVM = adjustable ventilator Top five reasons to love the BVM Getting sleepy
Make Your BVM Work For You! Perfect for those CHFers: Improve gas exchange Decrease V Q mismatch Decrease Work of Breathing (WOB) No “Plastic Cigar” for those HODs Maintain O 2 saturation while providing better living through Pharmacology.
BVM: One size fits all? Static BVM volume: 1600ml Normal human inhalation: 500ml Max inhalation: 3500ml Max exhalation: 1200ml Stuck inside: 2300ml COPD (Asthma/Empysema) Prolonged Expiratory Phase Prolonged Expiratory Phase Mmmm Cigarettes!
Understanding Air Trapping Bronchospasm leads to an inability to efficiently exhale Increasing ventilatory rate compounds the problem.
Air Trapping in the COPDer Healthy lungs: Supple, Elastic Emphysema Lungs: Distended, Inflexible
You know what they say about big hands? Firemen like to do things all or nothing. Define what you are looking for: Volume, Rate, Flow Listen for O 2 flowing (or not) Monitor rate & volume being delivered Check on status routinely Spread the word of Sellick
Sellick and Burping “Cric Pressure” should be in every EMTs toolkit… But it’s not. Very helpful for HODs requiring BVM. “I love the smell of vomit in the morning!” Teach firemen how to BURP! Backward Up Rightward Pressure
Colormetric CO 2 Detection Devise 1.Inflate cuff 2.Remove syringe 3.Affix ETCO 2 detector 4.Observe color change Purple > Yellow
Ascultate For Final Confirmation 1.Use quick shallow ventilations 2.Listen at epigastrum first 3.Listen at both lung fields Dude! You forgot the syringe. Shut up! They’re students. They won’t even notice.
Capnography New devise for old concept. Old devise: Colormetric New devise: Graphical / Quantitative Uses: Tube confirmation (initial / ongoing) CPR effectiveness Numbers: 35 to 40 is great Any number >10 means a good tube
Secure & Re-Confirm Try for “22 at the teeth” but let lung sounds be your guide Apply Thomas tube holder After securing Always confirm tube placement: After loading Before unloading After unloading
Thomas Endotracheal Tube Holder Route neck strap prior to intbubation. Secure neck strap THEN clamp tube.
Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Rescue devise NOT tube replacement!
Periodic respiratory rate check Lifepak monitoring With audible QRS Know the character of your patient’s ventilatory phase S PO 2 monitor on EtCo 2 monitor on Monitoring
SPO 2 Monitoring Measuring the ratio of oxygenated hemoglobin to total hemoglobin Two different wave lengths of light used Carboxyhemoglobin gives falsely high reading Dark skin may give falsely high reading (3%-5%)