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Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products

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Presentation on theme: "Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products"— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products
UL-STR November 1, 2011 Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products Presented by Kevin Chan TOYS Department

2 Outline Regulation & Safety Standards for US, EU, ISO/IEC, Japan & Korea - Toys - Baby Carrier Baby Bottle Baby Stroller Baby Crib - Comparison per product

3 Regulation & Safety Standards required/recommended per product

4 Toys United States European Union International Japan Korea 4
International Countries Requirements United States European Union International Japan Korea Mechanical & Physical ASTM F & CPSIA: 16 CFR 1501 16 CFR , 49 16 CFR 1500 EN71 Part 1 : 2011 New Toys Safety Directives ISO 8124 Part 1 : 2009 ST Part 1 KSG ISO Flammability Test (Textile / Fabric) - Title 16 CFR 1610 ASTM F A.5 EN71 Part 2 : 2011 ISO 8124 Part 2 : ST Part 2 KSG ISO Flammability Test (Solid) Title 16 CFR ASTM F A.4 Toxic Elements Test Title 16 CFR 1303 ASTM F963-08 CPSIA section 101 EN71 Part 3 ISO 8124 Part 3 ST Part 3 Japan Food Sanitation Law KSG ISO Phthalates CPSIA section 108 REACH Annex XVII item 51/52 --- Battery-Operated Toy Mercury in battery EN 62115: A2:2011 EN 2006/66/EC RoHS IEC : 2003 with Amends IEC KSC IEC 62115 Cleanliness of Stuffing Material AOAC Ch 16 4

5 Baby Carriers (Framed)
Country Regulation Safety Standard US CPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR ASTM F2549 EU General Product Safety Directive REACH Directive EN ISO/IEC -- Japan CPSA 0027 Korea

6 Baby Carriers (Soft) Country Regulation Safety Standard US
CPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR ASTM F2236 EU General Product Safety EN ISO/IEC -- Japan CPSA 0027 Korea

7 Baby Bottle Country Regulation Safety Standard US
CPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR , FDA (21 CFR) – per plastic ASTM F1313 (Volatile N-nitrosamine in rubber pacifiers) EU General Product Safety Directive, EU 321/2011 (Restricting BPA use) EU 10/2011 (Plastic materials intended to come into contact with food) 93/11/EEC (Release of N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances from rubber teats and soothers) REACH Directive EN 14350 ISO/IEC -- Japan BPA JIS T 9112 Korea FDA 7

8 Strollers Country Regulation Safety Standard US
CPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303 (Lead content in surface coating), 16 CFR 1501 (Small parts), 16 CFR (Sharp points & edges), 16 CFR (Flammability) ASTM F833 EU General Product Safety Directive/Regulation REACH Directive EN1888 ISO/IEC -- Japan CPSA 0001 Korea

9 Baby Crib Country Regulation Safety Standard US
CPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR , 16 CFR 1219 and 1220 ASTM F1169 ASTM F406 EU General Product Safety Directive, Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations REACH Directive EN 716 EN 1130 ISO/IEC -- ISO 7175 Japan JIS S 1103 CPSA 0023 Korea KC certification KSG ISO 7175 9

10 Toys 10

11 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests
Countries United States European Union International Japan Korea Testing Age (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F963-08 EN71-1 ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1 KSG ISO Drop Test 0 to 18 Random orientation 1.37 m x 10 drops Onerous orientation, 85cm x 5 drops Random orientation, mass <1.4kg 1.38m x 10 drops, -Rattle, squeeze toy, pacifiers, teethers, mass <0.5kg: 1.30m x 10 drops in any orientation Excepting above toys, 0.85m x 5 drops in random orientation *Toy weight >1.4kg not be tested Equivalent to ISO 8124 Part 1 >18 to 36 0.91 m x 4 drops Random orientation, mass <4.5kg 0.93m x 5 drops, 0.85m x 5 drops in any orientation *Toy weight >4.5kg not be tested >36 to 96 ---

12 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests
Countries United States European Union International Japan Korea Testing Age (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F963-08 EN71-1 ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1 KSG ISO Tip Over Test 0 to 36 3 times --- Equivalent to ISO Torque Test 0 to 18 180° or 0.23 N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise 180° or 0.34 N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise 180° or 0.45 N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise 180° or 0.23N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise Impact Test 1kg mass from 100m 14kg (for rattle and toys contain not accessible metal wires, bars or pegs with pointed or sharp ends) Compression Test 89N 110N 114N 9kg >18 to 36 111.3N >36 to 96 133.5N 110N (for specific item only) 136N

13 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests
Countries United States European Union International Japan Korea Testing Age (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F963-08 EN71-1 ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1 KSG ISO General Tension Test 0 to 18 44.5N for convenient position and perpendicularly position Dimension <6mm, 50N Dimension >6mm, 90N 60N for protective component 70N for parallel to the major axis and perpendicularly to the major axis Same as EN 71-1 Equivalent to ISO >18 to 36 66.8N for convenient position and perpendicularly position 60N for protective tip *up to 14 yrs >36 to 96 --- Tension Test for Seam 44.5N 70N 90N 66.8N

14 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests
Countries United States European Union International Japan Korea Testing Age (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F963-08 EN71-1 ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1 KSG ISO Flexure Test 0 to 18 Bend 30 cycles of 60° at a rate of 1 cycle/2sec, rest 60 sec. every 10 cycles. 45N bending force Bend 30 cycles of 120° at a rate of 1 cycle/2sec, rest 60 sec. every 10 cycles. 70N bending force Same as EN 71-1 Bend 30 cycles of 120° at a rate of 1 cycle/sec, rest 20 sec. every 10 cycles. 44.1N bending force Equivalent to ISO >18 to 36 Bend 30 cycles of 60° at a rate of 1 cycle/2sec, rest 60 sec. every 10 cycles. 67N bending force Bend 30 cycles of 120° at a rate of 1 cycle/sec, rest 20 sec. every 10 cycles. 66.7N bending force *up to 14 yrs >36 to 96 --- Bite Test 11.35kg 11kg 22.74kg 45.5kg

15 Comparison – Toys (Soft Filled Toys)
Countries Requirements United States ASTM F963-08 European Union EN71-1 : 2011 International ISO : 2009 Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSG ISO Tension test for seam --- Soft-filled toys containing small parts - It shall not be possible to insert the front part of probe A through any one opening in the seam or cover material b) Other soft-filled toys - It shall not be possible to insert the front part of a 12mm diameter rod with a fully radiused end through any one opening in the seam or cover material by more than 6 mm

16 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys)
Countries Requirements United States ASTM F963-08 European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC 62115 Definition Toy having at least one function dependent on electricity and powered by batteries --- Equivalent to IEC 62115 Age Grading 14 years old Battery electrolyte leakage requirement Water shall not leak from the batter toy which for children intended to fixed above a child shall have a battery compartment that prevents leakage after adding water to the battery compartment and left in position for 5 min High voltage requirement The maximum allowable direct current potential between any two accessible electrical points is 24 V terminal The nominal supply voltage of toy shall not exceed 24V (i.e. accessible part) Voltage exceeding 24V that are internal to the toy must be inaccessible to the user: - working voltage between any 2 parts of the toy shall not exceed 5 KV when the toy is supplied at rated voltage - maximum energy be less than 2mJ; and - discharge does not exceed 45µC; and ; - maximum current be less than 0.5mA ----

17 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys)
Countries Requirements United States ASTM F963-08 European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC 62115 Interchangeability of connectors requirement ---- Plugs and socket-outlets of toys shall not be interchangeable with plugs and socket-outlets Plugs which are too large or too small are not required to comply with the interchangeability requirement: - Connectors (jack plugs, USB plugs, RCA phono plugs etc.) with a diameter or diagonal measurement between 3.75mm and 5.25mm and length greater than 7mm are considered to fail this requirement --- Equivalent to IEC 62115 Clearance and creepage distance of functional insulation In general, they shall not be less than 0.5mm If on printed circuit board, they can be reduced to not less than 0.2mm provided that the degree of pollution is unlikely to exceed degree 2 during the normal use Note: Pollution degree 2 – only non-conductive pollution occurs, except that occasionally a temporary conductivity caused by condensation is to be excepted.

18 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys)
Countries Requirements United States ASTM F963-08 European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC 62115 Battery charger and Transformer for Toy --- During charging condition, if the toy can still be operated, the toy is considered a transformer toy. It shall fulfill the requirement of both battery toy and transformer toy. Battery charger instruction” ‘Batteries are only to be charged by adults or by children at least 8 years old.’ Age warning for transformer toys: ‘Warning! Not suitable for children under 36 months. Electric shock hazards.’ The instructions for transformer toys shall contain below additional substance: - the toy must only be used with a transformer for toys - the model number of transformer Equivalent to IEC 62115

19 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys)
Countries Requirements United States ASTM F963-08 European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC 62115 Temperature rise The surface of the batteries shall not achieve temperature exceeding 71°C --- Only for Toys contain heat source Equivalent to IEC 62115 1) Surface of handles, knobs and other parts that are likely to be touched by hand shall not exceed the following values Material Temp Metal and Battery surface 25K Glass or Porcelain 30K Plastic or Wood 35K 2) Other accessible parts of the toy shall not exceed the following values Materials Metal 45K 50K Other materials 55K

20 Comparison – (Art materials)
Countries Requirements United States European Union EN71 International ISO : 2009 Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSG ISO Age Grading Under 36 months Meet the requirement for toxicological review by a U.S. board- certified toxicologist. Evaluated the art materials must be filed with CPSC, and the list of ingredients must also be filed with the commission if the material is or contains a chronically hazardous substance 2) Shall be labeled in accordance with the provisions of that section and practice ASTM D4236 -- Others LHAMA TRA EN 71-7 (Finger Paint) EN 71-9

21 Comparison – Japan Toxicity
Materials of Toys Test Item Maximum Requirement Not Printed Printed Materials mainly composed of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) or Acetyl cellulose (AC) Sheet of Tube Shaped Material Consumption of Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) 10 ppm 50 ppm Granular Material Solution Residue on Evaporation 30 ppm --- Lead 1.0 ppm Arsenic 0.1 ppm Cadmium 0.5 ppm Materials mainly composed of Polyethylene (PE)

22 Comparison – Japan Toxicity
Materials of Toys Test Item Maximum Requirement Not Printed Printed Vinyl chloride resin coating Consumption of Potassium permanganate 50 ppm Residue after evaporation Lead 1.0 ppm Arsenic 0.1 ppm Cadmium 0.5 ppm Folded Paper, Decalcomania, Rubber-made toys (excluding rubber pacifiers) Paints and coating applied on the body or the components of the toys (excluding the printing ink used for paper containers) Coloring Matter – Inks and similar materials used in pencils, ballpoint pens, markers, crayons, pastels, watercolors, chalks, etc., that are provided with toys 8 Soluble Heavy Metal [Antimony (Sb), Arsenic (As), Barium (Ba), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Selenium (Se)] Equivalent to EN 71-3 Textile Toys <24 Months Formaldehyde Absorbance: 0.05 >24 Months 75 ppm

23 Comparison – Japan Toxicity
Materials of Toys Test Item Maximum Requirement Not Printed Printed Soap Bubbles Solution Soap bubbles produced by straw-type toys1 Surface Active Agent equivalent content (excluding soap content)2 3% Fluorescent Brightener None detected Heavy metals Volume of soap bubble solution3 30 ml Soap bubbles produced by non-straw-type toys 600 ml 1 with the straw directly put to the mouth when soap bubbles are blown and which is so constructed as to prevent ingestion of bubble solution 2 excluding soap content 3Volumn per container

24 Comparison – Japan Toxicity
Materials of Toys Test Item Maximum Requirement Not Printed Printed All Material Textile Material Coloring Matter Not Darker than Standard Ink & Components for Graphic Instruments --- 3 – 6 yrs Not Recognized Ink & Components Other than Textile Material >6 yrs Not Deeper than 10 Times Standard No Dissolution color Observe Synthetic resin mainly composed of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), for which phthalate compound is used as raw material (including those used for paint coating) Toys which are made of paper, wood, bamboo, rubber, leather, celluloid, plastic, metal, or china and which naturally come into contact with infant’s mouths during their use DEHP, DBP and BBP None Detected Non-Designated Toys which are intended for children under 6 years of age DEHP and DINP 0.1% Toys that are intended to come in contact with the mouth (excluding pacifiers and teething rings), and under 3 years DINP, DIDP and DNOP Note: Pacifiers and teething rings shall not use synthetic resin containing polyvinyl chloride as raw material.

25 Baby Carriers

26 Comparison (Frame) US ASTM F2549 EU EN 13209-1 Japan Chemical
Lead in surface coating Soluble Heavy Metal Flammability Not specified EN 71-2, Entered by child (<30mm/s) Performance (Textile) -- Shrinkage & Seam Construction Entrapment - (5.33mm & 9.53 mm) Entrapment - (5 mm & 12 mm) Cord - < 220 mm at 25N Requires preconditioning on folding part (300 times) Cord < 220 mm at 25N Double seam for security Locking device 10lbf Auto engaged 50N

27 Comparison (Frame) US ASTM F2549 EU EN 13209-1 Japan
Accessibility of filling -- - Not accessible after teething test Stability 12deg inclined plane 40lbs (18.1kg) 12 deg inclined plane 15kg test mass Retention No strap width Slippage < 25.4 mm Strap: width > 40 mm Slippage < 20 mm Slippage < 30 mm Dynamic Strength 50000 cycles CAMI Dummy - 130 cycles Polybag - Thickness > 0.038mm

28 Comparison (Frame) US ASTM F2549 EU EN 13209-1 Japan
Marking & labeling on product Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information Manufacturing date Warnings per clause 8.4 (Height > 5 mm or 2.5 mm) Manufacturer’s & Distributor’s information Standard number with date Maximum weight Warnings per section 5 Marking & labeling on instructional literature Additional reminder per clause 9.1 Instructions for use (Height > 5 mm) Warnings and instructions for safe use per section 9

29 Comparison (Soft) US ASTM F2549 EU EN 13209-1 Japan Chemical
Lead in surface coating Soluble Heavy Metal Flammability Not specified EN ISO 6941 (<50mm/s) Performance (Textile) -- Shrinkage & Seam Construction Sharp point, sharp edge, small parts Entrapment - (5 mm & 12 mm) Cord - < 220 mm at 25N Requires preconditioning on folding part (300 times) Cord < 220 mm at 25N Double seam for security

30 Comparison (Soft) US ASTM F2549 EU EN 13209-1 Japan
Accessibility of filling -- - Not accessible after teething test Retention No strap width Slippage < 25.4 mm Strap: width > 40 mm Slippage < 20 mm Slippage < 30 mm Dynamic Strength 1000 cycles CAMI Dummy 50000 cycles - 130 cycles Polybag - Thickness > 0.038mm

31 Comparison (Soft) US ASTM F2549 EU EN 13209-1 Japan
Marking & labeling on product Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information Manufacturing date Warnings per clause 8.4 (Height > 5 mm or 2.5 mm) Manufacturer’s & Distributor’s information Standard number with date Maximum weight Warnings per section 5 Marking & labeling on instructional literature Additional reminder per clause 9.1 Instructions for use (Height > 5 mm) Warnings and instructions for safe use per section 9

32 Baby Bottles 32

33 Comparison (Baby bottle)
US ASTM F1313 EU EN 14350 Japan Chemical N-nitrosamine N-nitrosamines & N-nitrosatable release Soluble heavy metal 2-mercaptonbenzothiazole (MBT) release Anti-oxidants release BPA release (Leachable) Volatile compounds content Volumetric labeling -- < 60 ml intervals Min. < 60 ml -Accuracy: not specified 10 ml intervals min. 20%of maximum indicated scale Accuracy: 100 ml: 5% <100 ml: 5 ml

34 Comparison (Baby bottle)
US ASTM F1313 EU EN 14350 Japan Thermal Shock -- - Boiling water for 10 min, then water at 5C for 10 min. -85C water for 8 sec. to 2 min., then room temperature -apply to glass bottle only Aging test - Immerse in boiling water for 10 min.; no deformation - Immerse in boiling water for 20 min.and ice water for 20 min. for 10 times; transparency > 80% Bottle deformation Flexibility < 10% at 20N Retention Teat shall not be detached at 60N

35 Comparison (Baby bottle)
US ASTM F1313 EU EN 14350 Japan Marking & labeling -- Manufacturer’s information Instructions for safe use Batch number Standard with date Reminder on unsuitable common methods of heating Cleaning and storage method Wash before use Max. capacity (ml)

36 Strollers 36

37 Comparison (Strollers)
US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Chemical Lead in surface coating Soluble heavy metal Flammability -- Surface flash per EN 71-2 Performance (Textile) Shrinkage & Seam Burst strength > 400 kPa Construction Entrapment - (5.33mm & 9.53 mm) Entrapment - (5 mm & 12 mm) Cord - < 220 mm at 25N Requires preconditioning on folding part (300 times) Internal lining: Plastic – thickness > 0.2mm Fabric – air permeable Entrapment – (5 mm & 13 mm) Cord < 220 mm at 25N Double seam for security - Every portion shall be 50 mm above the ground 37

38 Comparison (Strollers)
US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Angle and height of backrest -- Height > 380 mm Angle > 100 Stability 12 inclined plane Apply 18.1 kg with a 24.5 mm diameter disk at not exceed 25.4 mm from the front edge of the footrest 15 kg test mass Backrest < 150, mass at 150 Backrest > 150, mass lying down limited movement within 50 mm Stability on kerb 120 mm kerb 50N downward force at center of handle 38

39 Comparison (Strollers)
US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Handle -- Lock automatically into normal use position and no breaking after: 120mm alternate raised front and back 3000 cycles at 15 cycles/min Brake performance 12 inclined plane Load with 18.1 kg or recommended by manufacturer for 10 seconds Brake shall remain engaged -Move < 90 mm at 9 inclined plane No slippage with brake engaged at upslope, downslope and perpendicular for 1 min cam obstacles if brake on wheel 39

40 Comparison (Strollers)
US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Restraint system Shall be pre-assembled by manufacturer Shall not slip more than 25 mm. Waist belt and crotch strap: width > 20 mm Shoulder strap: width > 15 mm Harness shall locate at 245 mm from the end of body Shall show no damage and/or malfunction at 150 N for 1 min. -- Wheel -Withstand 200N for 2 min Diameter > 115mm Hardness: HS ( Vickers) Irregular surface test Run times on irregular surface at 5 km/hr Load at least 2 kg 40

41 Comparison (Strollers)
US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Dynamic strength Load at least 2 kg 20 inclined plane Free down slope for 1020 mm to a kerb for 10 times Pram body shall not completely separate from the stroller Lock shall not be disengaged 10 inclined plane Free down slope for 1000 mm to a kerb for 10 times Pram body shall not displaced more than 10 mm Section 3 Static strength - Load 100lb or 2.5 times of recommended with a 6 in by 6 in board -- - Load up tot 30 kg with a 150 mm block at the shaft of each wheel Polybag Thickness > mm Suffocation warning 41

42 Thank you. We hope that you found today’s presentation, informative and helpful.


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