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© 2011 Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL-STR November 1, 2011 Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products Presented by Kevin Chan TOYS.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2011 Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL-STR November 1, 2011 Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products Presented by Kevin Chan TOYS."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2011 Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL-STR November 1, 2011 Global Requirements Overview for Toys and Juvenile Products Presented by Kevin Chan TOYS Department

2 - Regulation & Safety Standards for US, EU, ISO/IEC, Japan & Korea - Toys - Baby Carrier - Baby Bottle - Baby Stroller - Baby Crib - Comparison per product Outline

3 Regulation & Safety Standards required/recommended per product

4 Toys International Countries Requirements United StatesEuropean Union InternationalJapanKorea Mechanical & Physical ASTM F & CPSIA: 16 CFR CFR , CFR 1500 EN71 Part 1 : 2011 New Toys Safety Directives ISO 8124 Part 1 : 2009 ST Part 1KSG ISO Flammability Test (Textile / Fabric) - Title 16 CFR ASTM F A.5 EN71 Part 2 : 2011ISO 8124 Part 2 :ST Part 2KSG ISO Flammability Test (Solid) - Title 16 CFR ASTM F A.4 EN71 Part 2 : 2011ISO 8124 Part 2 :ST Part 2KSG ISO Toxic Elements Test- Title 16 CFR ASTM F CPSIA section 101 EN71 Part 3ISO 8124 Part 3-ST Part 3 - Japan Food Sanitation Law KSG ISO PhthalatesCPSIA section 108REACH Annex XVII item 51/ ST Part 3 - Japan Food Sanitation Law Phthalates Battery-Operated Toy ASTM F Mercury in battery EN 62115: A2:2011 EN /66/EC RoHS IEC : 2003 with Amends IEC ST Part 1KSC IEC Cleanliness of Stuffing Material -ASTM F AOAC Ch 16 EN71 Part 1 : 2011ISO 8124 Part 1 : 2009 ST Part 1KSG ISO

5 Baby Carriers (Framed) CountryRegulationSafety Standard USCPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR ASTM F2549 EUGeneral Product Safety Directive REACH Directive EN ISO/IEC-- Japan--CPSA 0027 Korea--

6 Baby Carriers (Soft) CountryRegulationSafety Standard USCPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR ASTM F2236 EUGeneral Product SafetyEN ISO/IEC-- Japan--CPSA 0027 Korea--

7 Baby Bottle CountryRegulationSafety Standard USCPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR , FDA (21 CFR) – per plastic ASTM F1313 (Volatile N- nitrosamine in rubber pacifiers) EUGeneral Product Safety Directive, EU 321/2011 (Restricting BPA use) EU 10/2011 (Plastic materials intended to come into contact with food) 93/11/EEC (Release of N-nitrosamines and N- nitrosatable substances from rubber teats and soothers) REACH Directive EN ISO/IEC-- Japan--BPA JIS T 9112 KoreaFDA--

8 Strollers CountryRegulationSafety Standard USCPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303 (Lead content in surface coating), 16 CFR 1501 (Small parts), 16 CFR (Sharp points & edges), 16 CFR (Flammability) ASTM F833 EUGeneral Product Safety Directive/Regulation REACH Directive EN1888 ISO/IEC-- Japan--CPSA 0001 Korea--

9 Baby Crib CountryRegulationSafety Standard USCPSIA (Lead in substrates, Phthalates), 16 CFR 1303, 16 CFR 1501, 16 CFR , 16 CFR , 16 CFR 1219 and 1220 ASTM F1169 ASTM F406 EUGeneral Product Safety Directive, Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations REACH Directive EN 716 EN 1130 ISO/IEC--ISO 7175 Japan--JIS S 1103 CPSA 0023 KoreaKC certificationKSG ISO 7175

10 Toys

11 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests CountriesUnited StatesEuropean Union InternationalJapanKorea TestingAge (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F EN71-1ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1KSG ISO Drop Test0 to 18Random orientation 1.37 m x 10 drops Onerous orientation, 85cm x 5 drops Random orientation, mass <1.4kg 1.38m x 10 drops, -Rattle, squeeze toy, pacifiers, teethers, mass <0.5kg: 1.30m x 10 drops in any orientation -Excepting above toys, 0.85m x 5 drops in random orientation *Toy weight >1.4kg not be tested Equivalent to ISO 8124 Part 1 >18 to 36Random orientation 0.91 m x 4 drops Random orientation, mass <4.5kg 0.93m x 5 drops, 0.85m x 5 drops in any orientation *Toy weight >4.5kg not be tested >36 to 96---

12 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests CountriesUnited StatesEuropean UnionInternationalJapanKorea TestingAge (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F EN71-1ISO 8124 Part 1ST Part 1KSG ISO Tip Over Test 0 to 363 times---3 times Equivalent to ISO Torque Test 0 to 18180° or 0.23 N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise 180° or 0.34 N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise 180° or 0.45 N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise 180° or 0.23N-m for clockwise and counterclockwise Impact Test 0 to kg mass from 100m ---14kg (for rattle and toys contain not accessible metal wires, bars or pegs with pointed or sharp ends) Compressi on Test 0 to 1889N110N114N9kg >18 to N110N114N9kg >36 to N110N (for specific item only) 136N---

13 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests CountriesUnited StatesEuropean Union InternationalJapanKorea TestingAge (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F EN71-1ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1KSG ISO General Tension Test 0 to N for convenient position and perpendicularly position -Dimension <6mm, 50N -Dimension >6mm, 90N -60N for protective component 70N for parallel to the major axis and perpendicularly to the major axis Same as EN 71-1 Equivalent to ISO >18 to N for convenient position and perpendicularly position -60N for protective tip *up to 14 yrs >36 to N for parallel to the major axis and perpendicularly to the major axis -60N for protective tip *up to 14 yrs Tension Test for Seam 0 to N70N 90N >18 to N >36 to N---

14 Comparison – Toys Abuse Tests CountriesUnited StatesEuropean Union InternationalJapanKorea TestingAge (Months) 16 CFR 1500 / ASTM F EN71-1ISO 8124 Part 1 ST Part 1KSG ISO Flexure Test 0 to 18Bend 30 cycles of 60° at a rate of 1 cycle/2sec, rest 60 sec. every 10 cycles. 45N bending force Bend 30 cycles of 120° at a rate of 1 cycle/2sec, rest 60 sec. every 10 cycles. 70N bending force Same as EN 71-1 Bend 30 cycles of 120° at a rate of 1 cycle/sec, rest 20 sec. every 10 cycles. 44.1N bending force Equivalent to ISO >18 to 36Bend 30 cycles of 60° at a rate of 1 cycle/2sec, rest 60 sec. every 10 cycles. 67N bending force Bend 30 cycles of 120° at a rate of 1 cycle/sec, rest 20 sec. every 10 cycles. 66.7N bending force *up to 14 yrs >36 to Bite Test0 to kg--- 11kg >18 to kg--- >36 to kg---

15 Comparison – Toys (Soft Filled Toys) Countries Requirements United States ASTM F European Union EN71-1 : 2011 International ISO : 2009 Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSG ISO Tension test for seam ---a)Soft-filled toys containing small parts - It shall not be possible to insert the front part of probe A through any one opening in the seam or cover material b) Other soft-filled toys - It shall not be possible to insert the front part of a 12mm diameter rod with a fully radiused end through any one opening in the seam or cover material by more than 6 mm ---

16 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys) Countries Requirements United States ASTM F European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC DefinitionToy having at least one function dependent on electricity and powered by batteries ---Equivalent to IEC Age Grading14 years old Battery electrolyte leakage requirement ---Water shall not leak from the batter toy which for children intended to fixed above a child shall have a battery compartment that prevents leakage after adding water to the battery compartment and left in position for 5 min --- High voltage requirement The maximum allowable direct current potential between any two accessible electrical points is 24 V terminal 1)The nominal supply voltage of toy shall not exceed 24V (i.e. accessible part) 2)Voltage exceeding 24V that are internal to the toy must be inaccessible to the user: - working voltage between any 2 parts of the toy shall not exceed 5 KV when the toy is supplied at rated voltage - maximum energy be less than 2mJ; and - discharge does not exceed 45µC; and ; - maximum current be less than 0.5mA ----

17 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys) Countries Requirements United States ASTM F European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC Interchangeability of connectors requirement ----1)Plugs and socket-outlets of toys shall not be interchangeable with plugs and socket- outlets 2)Plugs which are too large or too small are not required to comply with the interchangeability requirement: - Connectors (jack plugs, USB plugs, RCA phono plugs etc.) with a diameter or diagonal measurement between 3.75mm and 5.25mm and length greater than 7mm are considered to fail this requirement ---Equivalent to IEC Clearance and creepage distance of functional insulation ---1)In general, they shall not be less than 0.5mm 2)If on printed circuit board, they can be reduced to not less than 0.2mm provided that the degree of pollution is unlikely to exceed degree 2 during the normal use Note: Pollution degree 2 – only non-conductive pollution occurs, except that occasionally a temporary conductivity caused by condensation is to be excepted. ---

18 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys) Countries Requirements United States ASTM F European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC Battery charger and Transformer for Toy ---1.During charging condition, if the toy can still be operated, the toy is considered a transformer toy. It shall fulfill the requirement of both battery toy and transformer toy. 2.Battery charger instruction” ‘Batteries are only to be charged by adults or by children at least 8 years old.’ 3.Age warning for transformer toys: ‘Warning! Not suitable for children under 36 months. Electric shock hazards.’ 4.The instructions for transformer toys shall contain below additional substance: - the toy must only be used with a transformer for toys - the model number of transformer ---Equivalent to IEC 62115

19 Comparison – (Battery Operated Toys) Countries Requirements United States ASTM F European Union EN62115 : A2 : 2011 International IEC with Amends Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSC IEC Temperature riseThe surface of the batteries shall not achieve temperature exceeding 71°C ---Only for Toys contain heat source Equivalent to IEC ) Surface of handles, knobs and other parts that are likely to be touched by hand shall not exceed the following values MaterialTemp Metal and Battery surface 25K Glass or Porcelain 30K Plastic or Wood35K 2) Other accessible parts of the toy shall not exceed the following values MaterialsTemp Metal45K Glass or Porcelain 50K--- Other materials55K

20 Comparison – (Art materials) Countries Requirements United StatesEuropean Union EN71 International ISO : 2009 Japan ST Part 1 Korea KSG ISO Age GradingUnder 36 months 1)Meet the requirement for toxicological review by a U.S. board- certified toxicologist. Evaluated the art materials must be filed with CPSC, and the list of ingredients must also be filed with the commission if the material is or contains a chronically hazardous substance 2)2) Shall be labeled in accordance with the provisions of that section and practice ASTM D OthersLHAMA TRA EN 71-7 (Finger Paint) EN

21 Comparison – Japan Toxicity Materials of ToysTest Item Maximum Requirement Not PrintedPrinted Materials mainly composed of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) or Acetyl cellulose (AC) Sheet of Tube Shaped Material Consumption of Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) 10 ppm50 ppm Granular Material10 ppm Solution50 ppm Sheet of Tube Shaped Material Residue on Evaporation30 ppm50 ppm Granular Material30 ppm Solution50 ppm ---Lead1.0 ppm Arsenic0.1 ppm Cadmium0.5 ppm Materials mainly composed of Polyethylene (PE) Consumption of Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) 10 ppm Residue on Evaporation30 ppm Lead1.0 ppm Arsenic0.1 ppm

22 Comparison – Japan Toxicity Materials of ToysTest Item Maximum Requirement Not PrintedPrinted Vinyl chloride resin coating Consumption of Potassium permanganate 50 ppm Residue after evaporation50 ppm Lead1.0 ppm Arsenic0.1 ppm Cadmium0.5 ppm Folded Paper, Decalcomania, Rubber-made toys (excluding rubber pacifiers) Lead1.0 ppm Arsenic0.1 ppm 1)Paints and coating applied on the body or the components of the toys (excluding the printing ink used for paper containers) 2)Coloring Matter – Inks and similar materials used in pencils, ballpoint pens, markers, crayons, pastels, watercolors, chalks, etc., that are provided with toys 8 Soluble Heavy Metal [Antimony (Sb), Arsenic (As), Barium (Ba), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Selenium (Se)] Equivalent to EN 71-3 Textile Toys <24 Months FormaldehydeAbsorbance: 0.05 >24 Months 75 ppm

23 Comparison – Japan Toxicity Materials of ToysTest Item Maximum Requirement Not PrintedPrinted Soap Bubbles Solution Soap bubbles produced by straw-type toys 1 Surface Active Agent equivalent content (excluding soap content) 2 3% Fluorescent BrightenerNone detected Heavy metalsNone detected Volume of soap bubble solution 3 30 ml Soap bubbles produced by non- straw-type toys Surface Active Agent equivalent content (excluding soap content) 2 3% Fluorescent BrightenerNone detected Heavy metalsNone detected Volume of soap bubble solution ml 1 with the straw directly put to the mouth when soap bubbles are blown and which is so constructed as to prevent ingestion of bubble solution 2 excluding soap content 3 Volumn per container

24 Comparison – Japan Toxicity Materials of ToysTest Item Maximum Requirement Not PrintedPrinted All Material Textile Material Coloring MatterNot Darker than Standard Ink & Components for Graphic Instruments ---3 – 6 yrsNot Recognized Ink & Components Other than Textile Material >6 yrsNot Deeper than 10 Times Standard No Dissolution color Observe Synthetic resin mainly composed of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), for which phthalate compound is used as raw material (including those used for paint coating) Toys which are made of paper, wood, bamboo, rubber, leather, celluloid, plastic, metal, or china and which naturally come into contact with infant’s mouths during their use DEHP, DBP and BBPNone Detected Non-Designated Toys which are intended for children under 6 years of age DEHP and DINP0.1% Toys that are intended to come in contact with the mouth (excluding pacifiers and teething rings), and under 3 years DINP, DIDP and DNOP None Detected Note: Pacifiers and teething rings shall not use synthetic resin containing polyvinyl chloride as raw material.

25 Baby Carriers

26 Comparison (Frame) US ASTM F2549 EU EN Japan ChemicalLead in surface coating Soluble Heavy Metal FlammabilityNot specifiedEN 71-2, Entered by child (<30mm/s) Performance (Textile) --Shrinkage & Seam ConstructionEntrapment - (5.33mm & 9.53 mm) Entrapment - (5 mm & 12 mm) Cord - < 220 mm at 25N Requires preconditioning on folding part (300 times) Cord -< 220 mm at 25N -Double seam for security Locking device -10lbf -Auto engaged -50N -Auto engaged

27 Comparison (Frame) US ASTM F2549 EU EN Japan Accessibility of filling --- Not accessible after teething test Stability-12deg inclined plane -40lbs (18.1kg) -12 deg inclined plane -15kg test mass Retention-No strap width -Slippage < 25.4 mm -Strap: width > 40 mm -Slippage < 20 mm -Strap: width > 40 mm -Slippage < 30 mm Dynamic Strength cycles -CAMI Dummy cycles- 130 cycles Polybag--Thickness > 0.038mm--

28 Comparison (Frame) US ASTM F2549 EU EN Japan Marking & labeling on product -Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Manufacturing date -Warnings per clause 8.4 (Height > 5 mm or 2.5 mm) -Manufacturer’s & Distributor’s information -Standard number with date -Maximum weight -Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Manufacturing date -Warnings per section 5 Marking & labeling on instructional literature - Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Warnings per clause 8.4 (Height > 5 mm or 2.5 mm) -Additional reminder per clause 9.1 -Instructions for use (Height > 5 mm) -Warnings and instructions for safe use per section 9 -Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Manufacturing date -Warnings per section 5

29 Comparison (Soft) US ASTM F2549 EU EN Japan ChemicalLead in surface coating Soluble Heavy Metal FlammabilityNot specifiedEN ISO 6941 (<50mm/s) Performance (Textile) --Shrinkage & Seam ConstructionSharp point, sharp edge, small parts Entrapment - (5 mm & 12 mm) Cord - < 220 mm at 25N Requires preconditioning on folding part (300 times) Cord -< 220 mm at 25N -Double seam for security

30 Comparison (Soft) US ASTM F2549 EU EN Japan Accessibility of filling --- Not accessible after teething test Retention-No strap width -Slippage < 25.4 mm -Strap: width > 40 mm -Slippage < 20 mm -Strap: width > 40 mm -Slippage < 30 mm Dynamic Strength cycles -CAMI Dummy cycles- 130 cycles Polybag--Thickness > 0.038mm

31 Comparison (Soft) US ASTM F2549 EU EN Japan Marking & labeling on product -Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Manufacturing date -Warnings per clause 8.4 (Height > 5 mm or 2.5 mm) -Manufacturer’s & Distributor’s information -Standard number with date -Maximum weight -Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Manufacturing date -Warnings per section 5 Marking & labeling on instructional literature - Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Warnings per clause 8.4 (Height > 5 mm or 2.5 mm) -Additional reminder per clause 9.1 -Instructions for use (Height > 5 mm) -Warnings and instructions for safe use per section 9 -Manufacture’s & Distributor’s information -Manufacturing date -Warnings per section 5

32 Baby Bottles

33 Comparison (Baby bottle) US ASTM F1313 EU EN Japan ChemicalN-nitrosamine-N-nitrosamines & N- nitrosatable release -Soluble heavy metal -2- mercaptonbenzothiazole (MBT) release -Anti-oxidants release -BPA release (Leachable) -Volatile compounds content -Soluble heavy metal Volumetric labeling ---< 60 ml intervals -Min. < 60 ml -Accuracy: not specified -10 ml intervals -min. 20%of maximum indicated scale Accuracy: -100 ml: 5% -<100 ml: 5 ml

34 Comparison (Baby bottle) US ASTM F1313 EU EN Japan Thermal Shock --- Boiling water for 10 min, then water at 5  C for 10 min. -85  C water for 8 sec. to 2 min., then room temperature -apply to glass bottle only Aging test--- Immerse in boiling water for 10 min.; no deformation - Immerse in boiling water for 20 min.and ice water for 20 min. for 10 times; transparency > 80% Bottle deformation -- Flexibility < 10% at 20N Retention--Teat shall not be detached at 60N --

35 Comparison (Baby bottle) US ASTM F1313 EU EN Japan Marking & labeling ---Manufacturer’s information -Instructions for safe use -Batch number -Standard with date -Reminder on unsuitable common methods of heating -Cleaning and storage method -Wash before use -Max. capacity (ml) -Manufacturer’s information

36 Strollers

37 Comparison (Strollers) US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 ChemicalLead in surface coating Soluble heavy metal Flammability--Surface flash per EN Performance (Textile) --Shrinkage & SeamBurst strength > 400 kPa ConstructionEntrapment - (5.33mm & 9.53 mm) Entrapment - (5 mm & 12 mm) Cord - < 220 mm at 25N Requires preconditioning on folding part (300 times) Internal lining: Plastic – thickness > 0.2mm Fabric – air permeable Entrapment – (5 mm & 13 mm) Cord -< 220 mm at 25N -Double seam for security - Every portion shall be 50 mm above the ground

38 Comparison (Strollers) US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Angle and height of backrest --Height > 380 mm Angle > 100  Stability -12  inclined plane -Apply 18.1 kg with a 24.5 mm diameter disk at not exceed 25.4 mm from the front edge of the footrest 12  inclined plane 15 kg test mass Backrest < 150 , mass at 150  Backrest > 150 , mass lying down limited movement within 50 mm 12  inclined plane 15 kg test mass Stability on kerb mm kerb 50N downward force at center of handle

39 Comparison (Strollers) US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Handle---Lock automatically into normal use position and no breaking after: -120mm alternate raised front and back cycles at 15 cycles/min -- Brake performance -12  inclined plane -Load with 18.1 kg or recommended by manufacturer for 10 seconds -Brake shall remain engaged -Move < 90 mm at 9  inclined plane -No slippage with brake engaged at upslope, downslope and perpendicular for 1 min cam obstacles if brake on wheel --

40 Comparison (Strollers) US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Restraint system -Shall be pre- assembled by manufacturer -Shall not slip more than 25 mm. -Waist belt and crotch strap: width > 20 mm -Shoulder strap: width > 15 mm -Harness shall locate at 245 mm from the end of body -Shall show no damage and/or malfunction at 150 N for 1 min. -- Wheel---Withstand 200N for 2 min -Diameter > 115mm -Hardness: HS ( Vickers) Irregular surface test ---Run times on irregular surface at 5 km/hr -Load at least 2 kg --

41 Comparison (Strollers) US ASTM F833 EU EN 1888 Japan CPSA 0001 Dynamic strength -Load at least 2 kg -20  inclined plane -Free down slope for 1020 mm to a kerb for 10 times -Pram body shall not completely separate from the stroller -Lock shall not be disengaged -Load at least 2 kg -10  inclined plane -Free down slope for 1000 mm to a kerb for 10 times -Pram body shall not displaced more than 10 mm Section 3 Static strength- Load 100lb or 2.5 times of recommended with a 6 in by 6 in board --- Load up tot 30 kg with a 150 mm block at the shaft of each wheel Polybag--Thickness > mm Suffocation warning --

42 Thank you. We hope that you found today’s presentation, informative and helpful.


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