Presentation on theme: "European Architecture through the Centuries Ari Ball."— Presentation transcript:
European Architecture through the Centuries Ari Ball
Renaissance Architecture During the Renaissance more secular buildings became popular. The Roman Classics became a primary reference at this point Architects made the transition from being skilled laborer to artists
Characteristics of Renaissance Architecture Emphasis on symmetry Columns Arches Domes Reference to the classics Aedicule
Filippo Brunelleschi Brunelleschi was considered the first renaissance architect. Helped engineer the dome of the Florence Cathedral. Style spread quickly.
Influencing Europe Florence- soon spreading to the rest of Italy France- brought major Italian architects to influence their architectural style Soon followed by Germany, England, and Russia
Forms of Renaissance Architecture Elizabethan Romanesque Mannerism French Renaissance Architecture Palladian Architecture Tudor Architecture Note: I will elaborate on the most commonly used throughout the PowerPoint
Elizabethan Architecture During Elizabeth I reign Characterized by Dutch gable and Flemish strap work Can be seen on Wolltan Hall and Burghley House English Renaissance style
Romanesque Architecture Transition from Renaissance to Gothic styles Popular Norman style
Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture Reference to the Roman style of building Arches that would influence Gothic style Most popular in the Netherlands Can be seen in the Plan of Saint Gall Church
Characteristics of Gothic Architecture Pointed arches Flying buttresses Ribbed vault Mainly used in Cathedrals and castles Can be found in universities, churches, and town halls
Abbot Suger Friend of Louis VI and VII Asked to rebuild Church of Saint- Denis Said to be the first church built in the Gothic style Completed with rose windows, large pointed arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses.
Religious Support of Gothic Architecture The spiritual Benedictine ’ s Cistercian Orders in France Franciscans- “ Grey Friars ” The Dominicans
Mannerist Architecture Led to Baroque style- has the same characteristics Period marked with works by Michelangelo, Giulio Romano, Baldassare Peruzzi, and Andrea Palladio.
Characteristics of Baroque Architecture Visible statement of wealth and power Theatrical Linked to Counter Reformation Baroque- ‘ mis-shapen pearl ’ High alters and chapels
Baroque and the Church Pope Urban VIII Innocent X Alexander VII
Rococo Architecture Appeared first in France Arranged in “ organized chaos ”
Characteristics of Rococo Architecture Organic based objects Light Delicate colors Rippling surfaces Often used in interior design
Revival Architecture 18 th and 19 th century expansion Marks the growth of the Roman Catholic Church Became popular with the growth of industrialization and the need for more churches and cathedrals.
Characteristics of Revival Architecture Drawing from the previous forms of architecture Often used in rebuilding or remodeling Mostly used when constructing new churches
Modern Architecture Ideals of Modernism Draw from previous popular forms More practical in comparison
Characteristics of Modern Architecture Functional Formal shapes Symbolic values of the classics Spacious Diverse
Architectural Changes in Cities Society was agriculturally based throughout until the Industrial Revolutions During the 18 th and 19 th centuries change to more industrialized cities and the move out to suburbs would occur
References Department of European Paintings. "Architecture in Renaissance Italy". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/itar/hd_itar.htm (October 2002 Matthews, Kevin. "Baroque Architecture." Greatbuildings.com. ArtificeInc, 1998. Web. 25 Mar 2011. “Rococo Architecture." www.artsz.org. Página web Realizada con el Patrocinio de la Cámara de Comercio e Industria de Madrid, 02/08/2008. Web. 25 Mar 2011.
References continued "Gothic Revival architecture." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia®. 2005. Columbia University Press 25 Mar. 2011 http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Gothic+Revival +architecture http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Gothic+Revival +architecture “Baroque Revival architecture." The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition. 1970-1979. The Gale Group, Inc. 26 Mar. 2011 http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Gothic+Revival+arch itecture http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Gothic+Revival+arch itecture