# ENERGY SCHEMES. Energy-Efficiency Review of General Principles: – Case A - Start with high quality heat & cascade its use until it cools OR Collect waste.

## Presentation on theme: "ENERGY SCHEMES. Energy-Efficiency Review of General Principles: – Case A - Start with high quality heat & cascade its use until it cools OR Collect waste."— Presentation transcript:

ENERGY SCHEMES

Energy-Efficiency Review of General Principles: – Case A - Start with high quality heat & cascade its use until it cools OR Collect waste energy and bring it back – Case B - Use "heat pumps" to harvest energy from the environment and use that energy

Energy-Efficiency Case A - Conventional systems -- low to medium efficiencies – District Heating, Ovens, Vehicles, Power Plants, AirCons, Chillers, Freezers, Heaters Case B - Heat Pumps – "LiBr absorption heat pumps" -- use waste energy as input, therefore, FREE – Absorption heat pumps - collect waste, FREE – Mechanical heat pumps - collect waste, FREE

Energy-Efficiency Case A - Conventional systems -- low efficiencies – Engineers design for efficient stand-alone systems Case B - Heat Pumps – This presentation is all about ==  OVERALL SYSTEM EFFICIENCY

"Heat Pumps" Harvest Energy from Environment Heat Pump E(o) Energy to be Removed from System E(c) Energy from Items for Chilling E(i) Energy Input Coefficient of Performance (COP) = E(c) / E(i) COP (Electrical/Mechanical Compressors) = 2.5 to 6.43 COP (LiBr Absorption Systems) = 1.0 to 1.4 COP (NH3 Absorption Systems) = 0.5 to 0.7

START with CLEAN FUEL = 100 input energy to initiate the process (run like base-loaded plants) Exhaust= 50 Electricity Generated = 10 Harvested by Heat Pump from the Environment E[c]= E[i] * (COP:2) = 20 Lithium-Bromide Absorption Chiller E[i] = 50 + 25 = 75 Waste = 5 Jacket= 25 Harvested by Heat Pump from the Environment E[c] = 75 * (COP:1.11) = 83 Energy for Heating and/or drying E[o] = E[i] +E[c] 10 + 20 = 30 (FREE ENERGY) Energy for Heating and/or Drying E[o] = 75 + 83 = 158 (FREE ENERGY) Mechanical Chiller/Freezer = 10 (E[i]) HEAT PUMPS HARVEST From Fuel = 10+10+50+25+5 = 100 Harvested = 20+83 = 103 Recovered = 30+158 = 188 Grand Total = 100+188 = 288 ENERGY ALLOCATION in Co-Generation Scheme ==> with "Heat Pumps" (click to continue)

Drying Chamber 100kwh LPG/LNG 20kwh Engine 5kwh Waste Fresh Air Freezer Cold Storage De- Humidifier 30kwh For Heating 30kwh Freezer 158kwh LiBr 158kwh For Heating Solar Heater Solar Collector Water Evaporator Process for Potable Water Vapor Condenser Boiler 75kwh LiBr Chiller Meat, Fish Fruit, etc Functional Integration CoGen, Drying/Chilling, RenewableEnergy, Potable Water RE Electrical Source Batteries Electrical Load 25kwh Jacket 10kwh Generator 10kwh Compressor 5kwh Waste For Heating 50kwh Exhaust Steam Heater

1 1 - intake 2 2 - de-humidifier 3 3 - solar collector 4 4 - add'l heat chamber 5 5 - product #1 6 6 - product #2 7 7 - "essences" collector 8 8 - natural draft chimney 9 9 - water heater 10 10 - water evaporator 11 11 - vapor condenser Dryer Functional Layout

1 1 - intake 2 2 - humidifier 3 3 - solar collector 4 4 - add'l heat chamber 5 5 - heat exhanger #1 6 6 - heat exhanger #2 7 7 - air-handling units Heating Functional Layout

Water Vapor Water under vacuum LiBr Absorber condenser Water Vapor evaporator Simplified LiBr Absorption Chiller

Merchandise / Commodity 1.Services Provided Supply energy in the form of electricity, heating, chilling Radically alter the Income Statement: Revenues, Expenses, Bottom Line 2.Strategic Advantage Energy Cost Reduction Transportable for easy replication to different sites 3.Competition Walmart, Trader Joe’s, Haggen, Whole Foods, Safeway Costco, Sam’s Club

My Recommendations 1.Validate the points that are raised here 2.Bring awareness of “Merchandise / Commodity” to TOP 3.Form a study task force at Corporate

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